Youth crime Essay Example

  • Category:
    Education
  • Document type:
    Essay
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    1
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    634

4PREVENTING JUVENILE CRIMES

Preventing Juvenile Crimes

Preventing Juvenile Crimes

Issues regarding to young people and serious crimes have been in one of the forefront focus in today’s society. By first defining both terms youth and crimes, all over the world, a youth is considered as a child as young as 7 years to as old as 17 years and is liable to be prosecuted for a crime (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2012). Young people under the age of 18 years who have been involved in criminal activities are often known as juvenile offenders. Therefore, youth crimes are referred to as the offenses committed by minors. Hence, the legal system has various ways in which it deals with these kinds of crimes. These ways includes sending the delinquents to various juvenile detention centers. The offence that is most witnesses is robbery and extortion (Criminal Courts, 2012). This article will tend to explain the various kinds of youth crimes and the measures put in place to prevent these kinds of crimes.

As the times roll by, there is a considerable increase in the number of youth crimes all over the world (Australia Bureau of Statistics, 2012). There are a number of factors that leads to this increase. These factors are as follows; economic factors, social factors and also family situations and problems. Economic factors that lead to an increase in juvenile crimes include poverty within the society, lack of employment opportunities and also political conditions for example insecurity within the society. In addition, social factors that contribute to the youth engaging in criminal activities include inequality, lack of responsible leadership in the communities to mention a few. Finally, family issues that bring about occurrence of youth crimes include family violence. There are a number of ways in which juvenile crimes can be eradicated. One of the most important ways to prevent youth crimes is the initiation by the Children’s courts to transfer defendants to specialist courts since this eliminates corruption (Criminal Courts, 2012). The youth have the perception that they can be released immediately they have been caught on the act.

Also, strengthening law enforcing organizations and defendants and youths receiving community supervision can prevent juvenile crimes. By doing this, the law officials in charge of maintaining law and order are motivated to perform their duty as efficiently as possible and youths are motivated to do what is right according to the court of law (Criminal Courts, 2012). This will in turn increase the control of the various youth related crimes. Therefore, the number of youth crimes will hence drop exponentially. Another way of reducing the number of juvenile crime cases is by creating youth awareness programs and education (Australian Crime Facts & Figures 2012). Without education within the youth, they would not recognize the importance of education. Introducing such programs within the society will enlighten the youth of the importance of higher education therefore increasing their chances of getting an employment. This will in turn reduce the cases of youth crimes in the society.

In conclusion, youth crimes are offenses that result from three basic factors, economic, social and family situation factors. Examples of the causes of youth crimes with relation to the above mentioned factors are lack of employment, family violence and insecurity within the society. In addition, these crimes can be prevented by strengthening law agencies, educating the youths, creating supervision for the defendants and youths in the society in general and finally creating youth awareness programs.

References

Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011-12, Children’s Court. two sections reproduced from Criminal Courts

Australian Crime Facts & Figures 2012 Extract, pages 64-67. Reproduced with permission. © Australian Institute of Criminology | www.aic.gov.au

Criminal Courts, 2011-12. Youth Crime. Extracts from Chapter two, Children’s Courts. Reproduced by permission. © Australian Bureau of Statistics | www.abs.gov.au. Volume 363