Youth alcohol over-consumption in rural area Australia (Personality and Self-Concept) Essay Example
Yоuth Аlсоhоl Оvеr-Соnsumрtiоn In Rurаl Аrеа Аustrаliа
Excessive consumption of alcohol by young people is very dangerous, not only because of the risks accompanied with acute impairment, but also because of the threat to their well-being and long term development. Traffic crashes are perhaps the most visible of these dangers, with alcohol being implicated in nearly one-third of youth traffic fatalities. Over consumption of alcohol by young people is also associated with educational failure, suicide, violence, and other problem behaviors (Pettigrew, Biagioni & Jongenelis, 2016). All of these problems are magnified by early onset of young people excessive drinking. Moreover, excessive alcohol drinking by young people can lead to mild brain damage. Although it is illegal to sell alcohol to young people under age 18, they always manage to get it, and they often get it from clubs and bars. More than 80% of young people report that alcohol is fairly easy
to get in Australia. And when young people drink, they drink more recklessly and excessively than adults (Carr et al., 2016). They report that they “usually” drink an average of three drinks, an amount very high typically used to define heavy drinking. In contrast, research show adult drinkers report usually drinking fewer than three drinks in Australia.
Today, alcohol is much available and also promoted throughout in Australia. And alcohol use is regarded, by many young people, as a part of growing up. Yet young people drinking is very dangerous, not only for the young drinker but also for whole society, as evident by the high number of alcohol involved vehicle accidents, suicides, homicides, and other bad injuries. People who begin drinking while still young run the risk of developing alcohol problems, such as alcoholism, later in their life (Pettigrew, Biagioni & Jongenelis, 2016). They also are at high risk for a variety of consequences, such as risky sexual activity and poor grades in school. Identifying young people at greatest risk can help stop these problems before they fully develop.
More than 80% of the youth consumes alcohol today which include both male and female. Sometimes when people drink beyond their capacity, they tend to fall into trouble. 12.5% people as accepted by them faced some or the other problem due to drinking. These problems can sometimes become huge issues. Since drinking is started at an early age mostly, they are not aware of the adverse effects on alcohol consumption on health and society. Maximum people consume alcohol at the age of 18 & 19 which is during their college times. Late teens and early twenties is the age when youth gets into these habits. The excessive consumption of alcohol use comes at an age when young people are no longer under parental restrictions but before they take on the many responsibilities of their life. Young People tend to drink mostly on special occasions. Reasons as not getting time and not having enough money to spend every day on drinks can be a few major factors contributing the youth not to drink on an everyday basis.
It is our collective measure to make people aware of the later effects and to reduce the consumption of alcohol in Australia. Today’s youth is the future of Australia and there are better things to do than drinking that can help both the individual and the society.
As the drug pestilence proceeds to meticulously saturate the nation’s social and social angles, drug manhandle actually streams into our younger era – an era declining to be forgotten (Carr et al., 2016). The issue of drug mishandle among the young people in Australia has accepted a more noteworthy noteworthiness and increased worry in different socio-social and financial strata. In spite of the fact that no precise figures are accessible to quantify the genuine degree of the issue, drug addicts answering to directing in the nation brings up that the issue has spread among different age gatherings.
Liquor is a standout amongst the most broadly used drug substances on the planet. Alcohol usage and hitting the bottle hard among our country’s young people is a noteworthy general medical issue:
Alcohol is used by more young people in Australia than tobacco or illegal drugs.
Excessive alcohol usage is related with roughly 75,000 passing’s for each year.
Alcohol is calculated roughly 41% of all passing’s from engine vehicle crashes.
Among young people in Australia, the usage of alcohol and different drugs has been connected to unexpected wounds, physical battles, scholastic and word related issues, and unlawful conduct.
Long-term alcohol abuse is related with liver malady, malignancy, cardiovascular ailment, and neurological harm and also psychiatric issues, for example, wretchedness, nervousness, and solitary identity issue.
Drug use contributes directly and indirectly to the HIV scourge, and alcohol and drug usage contribute extraordinarily to newborn child horribleness and mortality.
The age gather in which a young people in Australia is, means the change of a juvenile to a young person, which ordinarily is went with the hardships of a «kid» in turning into a ‘grown-up’. A heap of extravagant yet undirected vitality (Jongenelis, Biagioni, & Pettigrew, 2016).
He infers delight in going out on a limb and exploring different avenues regarding new things. He aches for to taste the ‘prohibited organic products’ in his journey for achieving acknowledgment and status among his associates. Such conduct frequently acquires him open or disguised clash with his folks and ‘parent figures’ which prompts the quite talked about ‘clash of eras’ and ‘era hole’ (Carr et al., 2016).
The legitimate age for alcohol usage again fluctuates starting with one state then onto the next. For instance, young people in Australia’s are legitimately allowed to drink after 18, in U.S. 25 is as far as possible. Way of life changes, expanded dispensable earnings, peer weight, absence of grown-up supervision, absence of correspondence in families are all in a path in charge of an expanding number of high scholars taking to addictions (Ross, Sparks, & Jernigan, 2016). Kids and youngsters are powerless both physically and mentally to early presentation to addictions, making them helpless against early sexual experimentation, absence of concentrate on their life objectives, dropout. A mix of components like movement, autonomy, interest, peer bunch impacts, scholastic anxiety, mingling, simple get to and media impacts drive youngsters to explore different avenues regarding alcohol and later wind up noticeably normal clients adolescents who live with alcoholic fathers or even fathers who drink with some restraint will probably have drugs or beverages themselves (Carr et al., 2016). The rate of young people using unlawful drugs in the previous year likewise expanded with the level of alcohol use by the father. The circumstance has been additionally confused because of the quick paced social change got the general public by fast industrialization, urbanization and country urban movement. It has dissolved the conventional, casual, social control instruments and has even acquired changes in the structure of the family, from joint to atomic, or, best case scenario a more distant family.
There might be different purposes behind a young people in Australia to take to drug mishandle, from just interest and an inclination to try different things with. It might be a declaration of his rebel against built up expert, a method for picking up acknowledgment in his gathering or he may just not have the capacity to state ‘no’, when advertised (Carr et al., 2016). Numerous a period, because of their association with traffickers, it ends up plainly hard to urge addicts to leave their propensity.
In Australia excessive use of alcohol among high school students remained steady from 2000 to 2009 and then decreased from 50% in 2009 to 42% in 2011. In 2011, 24% of high school students reported episodic heavy drinking. Statistics show that about 40% drug abusers worldwide get addicted between 15 and 20 years of age. In Australia, average age of starting alcohol abuse has reduced from 28 years in the 1980s to 17 years in 2007.
In Menéndez, Tusell, & Weatherburn, (2015) very high rates of Excessive alcohol drinking as well as a fairly large number of daily drinkers among young people in Australia. University females, relative to non-University females, had a higher prevalence of excessive alcohol usage in the previous few years and a higher rate of drinking. University males had higher rates of drinking, alcohol use in the previous few years, and daily alcohol use than did non-university males. Gender comparisons within the University and non-university samples indicated a pattern similar to that observed in high school students: Compared with females, males reported higher rates of high manifestations of alcohol use (i.e., significantly higher prevalence’s of excessive and daily drinking) (Jongenelis, Biagioni, & Pettigrew, 2016).
Research indicate the youth, those who belong to the age group 15-17 were most resistant fill the questionnaire and most of them have refused to fill the questionnaire related to alcohol consumption. 76% of the young people who revealed their alcohol status belong to the age group 21-23 and they are university students. Out of the people who revealed their status 44% of the respondents were female and 56% were male.
According Healey, (2011) high number of young people in Australia has consumed alcohol at least once in their lifetime. In his research 91% of the young people have consumed alcohol and still continue to do so. 91% is a large number. Maximum people consume alcohol at the age of 18 & 19 followed by 21 which is during their college times. Late teens and early twenties is the age when young people in Australia gets into these habits. This high level of excessive alcohol use comes at an age when young people are moving away from parental restrictions but before they take on the responsibilities of adult life. 67% of the young people in Australia started taking alcohol out of curiosity. This curiosity could be due to many factors like seeing others under the influence of alcohol, hearing about its effect from peers etc. Some young people took alcohol because they felt like having it as they were idle and 12 percent have tried it under peer pressure. Peer pressure plays a big role for young people to get into these over consumption habits (Christina, 2016).
People tend to drink mostly on special occasions. Reasons as not getting time and not having enough money to spend every day on drinks can be a few major factors contributing the young people not to drink on an everyday basis. 67.5% people drink one on special occasions and 25% drink during weekends when they get a break from their regular routine in Australia. People tend to consume more or less alcohol overtime they drink which is influenced by various factors. 38% youth consumes 3-4 drinks at one sitting which is the maximum and 31% people consume 1-2 drinks which shows they are light drinkers. 30% of the young people do binge drinking which is 5 or more drinks in one sitting where 15% consume 5-6 drinks and 5% young consume above 8 drinks in one sitting.
Research consistently shows that young people in Australia tend to drink the heaviest in their late teens and early to twenties. This excessive alcohol use comes at an age when people are moving away from parent restrictions but before they take on the full responsibilities. As young people begin to take more adult responsibilities marriage, full-time employment, and parenthood they often reduce their drinking. This reduction in alcohol use may be a result of the limitations that parental roles place on social activities or may reflect a change in young people’s attitudes toward drinking.
Young who drink in ways that are especially harmful those who fit the diagnostic criteria for alcohol addictive may have predisposing personality characteristics and other factors that place them at greater risk for problems with alcohol consumption (Jongenelis, Biagioni, & Pettigrew, 2016).
Prevention strategies that may be especially useful in curbing young people alcohol use are those that focus on restricting the ease availability of alcohol. Such measures include increasing the cost of alcohol through taxes, limiting where alcohol can be consumed, and enforcing policies that help to reduce problems such as drinking and driving.
Carr, Sherilene, Kerry S. O’brien, Jason Ferris, Robin Room, Michael Livingston, Brian Vandenberg, Robert J. Donovan, And Dermot Lynott. «Child and Adolescent Exposure to Alcohol Advertising in Australia’s Major Televised Sports.» Drug and Alcohol Review. 35.4 (2016): 406-411. Print.
Jongenelis, M., Biagioni, N., & Pettigrew, S. (2016). Anticipating and addressing event-specific alcohol consumption among adolescents. BMC Public Health. 16, 1-8.
Healey, J. (2011). Alcohol and binge drinking. Thirroul, N.S.W., Spinney Press.
Menéndez, P., Tusell, F., & Weatherburn, D. (2015). The effects of liquor licensing restriction on alcohol-related violence in NSW, 2008-13. Addiction. 110, 1574-1582.
Perry, Christina J. «Cognitive Decline and Recovery in Alcohol Abuse.» Journal of Molecular Neuroscience. 60.3 (2016): 383-389. Print.
Pettigrew S, Biagioni N, & Jongenelis Mi. (2016). Anticipating and addressing event-specific alcohol consumption among adolescents. BMC Public Health. 16.
Ross, C. S., Sparks, A., & Jernigan, D. H. (2016). Assessing the impact of stricter alcohol advertising standards: the case of Beam Global Spirits. Journal of Public Affairs. 16, 245-254.
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