Work shop report — SYDNEY Essay Example

  • Category:
    Other
  • Document type:
    Essay
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    1
  • Words:
    744

Introduction

Sydney, the widest and the highest populated city in Australia, is the New South Wales’ state capital positioned next to Tasmanian Sea, on its south-east coast. Having surpassed Melbourne in the 20th century, it is the global city and the largest economy of Australia, accounting for 25% of Australia’s national GDP. As such, it attracts various concerns, even as raised by the given questions.

The Local Government Areas like Fairfield and Auburn have high unemployment rates. However, the central city, lower North Shore, and Eastern Suburbs have high employment rates, concentrated in centers (Liverpool), economic corridors, and employment lands (Villawood). Unemployment rates are spatially uneven, with 4.9% for Ku-Ring-Gai residents and 19.8% for Fairfield’s (Golden, 2004).

Poverty, an economic indicator, results in difficulties to access individual needs, and sometimes the basic needs. This varies widely, hence some demographic groups like Indigenous Australians and first generation refugees are much poorer. Inequalities, especially in social inclusion, are also evident in Sydney since indigenous Australians encounter higher social disadvantages.

Social exclusion, a major disadvantage to several Sydney residents, has a number of forces associated with its existence, including ethnic minority, mental illness and homelessness. Sydney’s population, just like all other societies, has internal disparities in social disadvantages as well as social advantages between people, areas, families and communities. These disparities are evident in healthcare, employment and education opportunities offered. The multiple processes leading to the exclusion of various groups, especially the ethnic minorities, the homeless people as well as the mentally ill from the rewards as well as resources of the mainstream society, are wide and range from economical, political and to ideological perspectives.

Housing has increasingly been considered as the central variable enhancing neighborhood exclusion. The public housing areas are not only the most disadvantaged, but are also the neighborhoods with the highest exclusion. Some commentators have also stressed that various individual attributes also make individuals vulnerable to the exclusions, attributes like low education level and unemployment. Others have also sited structural factors like access to the services and adequacy of healthcare. Further, some associate the social exclusion to civic engagement failure and less social connectivity, which lead to insufficient social participation, reduced social integration and also lack of authority (McManus, 2005).

Concerning poverty and unemployment in Sydney, these have highly been associated with several factors. Poverty greatly reduces the purchasing power of Sydney residents and as such deprives them of their requirements. Causes of poverty in Sydney include lack of responsibility among some individuals, bad and unfavorable policies from the government and also desire to attract investments hence consequently translating into reduction of wages. Individuals as well as businesses with influence and authority have also been recorded as exploiting their employees in order to achieve their aims.

Unemployment in Sidney, on the other hand, is generated by several factors. Limited access to finance as well as dominance of unaffordable housing has greatly contributed to poverty in Sydney. Others include disruption in education as well as work skills, restricted access to secure options of working and absence of long-term housing that is affordable. Further studies have also indicated that the spatial job distribution is highly linked to the residents’ spatial distribution. As such, it is possible that the employment growth in the suburban areas will increasingly have a positive response to the suburban pull in future, and will as a result increase spatial mismatch if necessary measures are not taken.

Conclusion

Sydney, being Australia’s corporate and financial capital, has remained to be quite important. The city, however, has numerous challenges associated with unemployment and as such needs to develop policies addressing the critical issue.

Reference

Australia, 2005, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Sydney Statistical Division.

McManus, P., 2005, Vortex Cities to Sustainable Cities: Australia’s Urban Challenge. Sydney: UNSW Press.

Golder, H., 2004, Sacked: Removing and Remaking the Sydney City Council, Sydney, UNSW Press.

APPENDICES

MAPS AND STATISTICS

(1a) Map of labour market in Sydney (Source: ABS)

work shop report - SYDNEY

(1b) A map indicating distribution of disadvantages among the Sydney residents (Source: ABS)

work shop report - SYDNEY 1

Unemployment Rates in relation to the Region of Labour Force, August 2011 (%)

Labour Force Region

Unemployment Rate

Central Northern Sydney

South Eastern

Newcastle

Northern Beaches

St George-Sutherland

Lower Northern Sydney

Inner Western Sydney

Eastern Suburbs

Outer South Western Sydney

Inner Sydney

North Western Sydney

Northern, Far West-North Western and Central West

Central Western Sydney

Murray-Murrumbidgee

Wollongong

Illawarra

Gosford-Wyong

Richmond-Tweed and Mid North Coast

Fairfield-Liverpool

Canterbury-Bankstown

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, original data (average of three months).