Word Count: 1240 Essay Example

  • Category:
    Nursing
  • Document type:
    Assignment
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    2
  • Words:
    1496

The roles and responsibilities of a professional nurse in diverse and political health care context

Introduction

Health promotion is a concern for all governments across the globe, which is illustrated by the billions of dollars invested in development of quality health care systems, structures, frameworks and processes, since; a healthy nation is a rich nation. Effective health care provision for all people regardless of their status, age, race, origins and location is achievable by developing an effective nursing fraternity. This means that nursing is a core element to ensuring the health care visions, mission, goals and objectives of ensuring accessible, acceptable, available, affordable and quality health care to all, are achieved as noted by Potter & Perry (2007).

This is because, nurses are not only charged with offering health care services and educating the clients on new health knowledge and technical skills, but also, they facilitate counselling for clients, are change agents by initiating changes in the life of the client and in the health care system and they are advocates for their clients. Moreover, they acts as managers by making critical decisions, coordinating activities, allocating resources and assessing care and they are useful in establishing fundamental researchable issues and challenges in health care systems and processes (Potter & Perry, 2007).

According to the International Council of Nurses, nursing entails independent and shared care of people from all ages , cultures, races, communities, in all settings whether they are healthy or not. Moreover, it encompasses health promotion, disease prevention, care provision, advocacy, safety promotion, and research and health awareness (Potter & Perry, 2007). This illustrates that the role and responsibilities of nursing are not restricted to the role of care provision, but extends to managerial and policy issues. This forms the basis of this study which is to complete an annotated bibliography on the roles and responsibilities of a professional nurse in diverse and political health care context.

Annotated Bibliography

Bryant, R.B., Foley, E. R., & Percival, E. C. (2008). The role of RCNA in promoting transcultural nursing as a discipline of study, research, practice and management in Australia. Contemporary Nurse, 28, 3-11.

The Journal explicitly analyze the growth and development of Transcultural nursing in Australia based on the standpoint of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia (RCNA), as a founding member of Transcultural Nursing Society in the 1990s, and the key role the College has played in advancing the concept of Transcultural nursing in Australia. The journal article emphasizes the need to enhance Transcultural nursing as a subject of study, practice, research and management in Australia (Bryant, et al., 2008). The main aim for fostering Transcultural nursing is to offer culturally fitting nursing care and offer culture specific and global nursing care processes in order to meet the nursing needs of all patients and help them approach health care issues in culturally meaningful ways as supported by Murphy (2006).

The journal article highlight important events and actions that has facilitated the growth and sustainability of Transcultural Nursing in Australia which includes the establishment of specialty network groups referred to as Societies by the RCNA which included Research, Education, Gerontology, Clinical Practice, Legal Issues, Ethics, and Transcultural Nursing Society. The other significant events includes publications of newsletters and bulletin such as the Transcultural Nursing Society Bulletin, publications of book series known as Professional Development Series, release of position statements by the College, organization of conferences on Transcultural Nursing and formation of partnerships with varied stakeholders such as Sydney University, University of Technology, Sydney and with support from University of Western Sydney, and internationally with lead members of the Transcultural Nursing (TCN) Society Global among others to undertake Transcultural related projects (Bryant, et al., 2008).

Conclusively, the journal article has established the importance of Transcultural Nursing in dispensing nursing care since culture affects all aspects of life including defining health, sickness and the search of cure and prevention for illness or pain (Bryant, et al., 2008). This is supported by Murphy (2006) who indicates that nurses need to be adaptable in designing health care programs, policies and health services in order to satisfy the needs and concerns of a culturally diverse population and clients from diverse cultures. The author is categorical that Transcultural Nursing is crucial in fostering acceptability, reverence and appreciation for the distinctiveness and variety of ideals, beliefs, spirituality and culture of patients in relation to their sicknesses, their meaning, causes, cure and results (Murphy, 2006).

Nannini, A. (2009). The health policy pathfinder: An innovative strategy to explore interest group politics. Journal of Nursing Education, 48 (10), 588-591.

The journal article emphasizes the need for nursing students to be equipped with practice experience in policy arenas and educating them on policy processes, which they require in order to make the necessary changes in the nursing institution (Nannini, 2009). According to Nannini (2009), educating all nursing students on policy issues is crucial in equipping them with skills, knowledge and opportunities for them to defend policy arguments from the challenges of other interests groups they may encounter in real life situations and help them to develop partnerships that lobby for their interest and those of their clients.

The journal article describes in depth the health policy pathfinder, which is an innovative student created compilation of the views and arguments of interest group on a particular health policy issue as noted by Nannini (2009). The article describes the design of the health policy pathfinder, its execution and the assessment steps. The journal is essential in enlightening nursing students about interest group politics and how policy solutions are shaped more effectively and efficiently by negotiation and concession than through best practice.

Nannini (2009) echoes sentiments made by Houck & Bongiorno (2006), who suggests that incorporating policy education when training student nurses at all levels fosters opportunities for the student nurses to develop creative interactions that enhances diversity of opinions especially when pushing important core health policy agendas. This is because, propelling a health policy agenda forward relies on student nurses having prior and adequate knowledge on group interest politics and possessing the necessarily skills to negotiate and form partnerships with varied stakeholder groups who encompasses healthcare consumers (Houck & Bongiorno, 2006).

Chenowethm, L., Jeon, Y.H., Goff, M., & Burke, C. (2006). Cultural competency and nursing care: an Australian perspective. International Nursing Review, 53, 34-40.

The journal article highlights the significance of developing and implementing culturally fitting nursing care systems and delivering culture specific nursing care programs in order to meet the health needs of the increasingly culturally dynamic population in Australia. The article cites that this concept is hard to implement in Australia owing to the over-reliance on western set of ideals. According to the journal article, reluctance or inability to design culturally fit health care programs generates a conflict between the nurse’s professional accountability to provide care in a certain way and the view of the client of how they should want to be catered for.

Delivering culturally sensitive care through innovative planning and policy implementation is necessitated by the fact that varied sicknesses in Australia have numerous casualties that need varied approaches when diagnosing, treating, and managing and curing, which may integrate both traditional and western health interventions. The article analyzes the scope and desirability of effectively and adequately developing and implementing culturally competent nursing care by examining a fictitious yet a usual clinical example of a health care client from a divergent culture from that of the nurse.

The article indicates that nurses need to acquire relevant skills, attitudes and knowledge on how to provide quality health care that sufficiently fits with the needs and expectations of health consumers from diverse cultural backgrounds. Moreover, nurses should acknowledge and appreciate the culture, ideals, beliefs and principles of their culturally diversified clients, which help in upholding the rights of health consumers in every aspect of care delivery. These views are supported by Leininger & McFarland (2006) who advocates developing standards and guidelines intended to enhance cultural competence and cultural congruence as a way to ensure quality, accessible, acceptable and available health care is provided universally.

References

Bryant, R.B., Foley, E. R., & Percival, E. C. (2008). The role of RCNA in promoting transcultural nursing as a discipline of study, research, practice and management in Australia. Contemporary Nurse, 28, 3-11.

Chenowethm, L., Jeon, Y.H., Goff, M., & Burke, C. (2006). Cultural competency and nursing care: an Australian perspective. International Nursing Review, 53, 34-40.

Houck, N.M., & Bongiorno, A.W. (2006). Innovations in the public policy education of nursing students. Journal of New York State Nurses’ Association, 37, 4-9.

Leininger, M.M., & McFarland, M.R. (2006). Culture care diversity and universality: a worldwide nursing theory. New York: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Murphy, S. C. (2006). Mapping the literature of Transcultural nursing. Medical Library Association, 94: pp143-145.

Nannini, A. (2009). The health policy pathfinder: An innovative strategy to explore interest group politics. Journal of Nursing Education, 48 (10), 588-591.

Potter, P.A, & Perry, A. G. (2007). Basic Nursing, 6th edition.  St. Louis: Mosby.