White collar and government crimes Essay Example

  • Category:
    Law
  • Document type:
    Assignment
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    1
  • Words:
    569

WHITE COLLAR AND GOVERNMENT CRIMES4

White collar and government crimes

Question 1

Coleman (2006) defines white collar crime as a form of financially motivated but nonviolent crime that Individuals commit for monetary gains. In his definition, Coleman (2006) further states that these criminals are respected people in the society. The criminals take advantage of their work positions to commit such illegal activities. The environments that surround individuals are the instigators of white collar crimes. For instance, personal interactions play an integral part in influencing white collar crime activities. The concept of neutralisation explains how individuals assume their values that can forbid them from engaging in such criminal acts (Coleman, 2006). These values include morality and the duty to uphold the laws of the land. In other words, neutralisation effect is psychological call that makes people turn off their consciousness or inner feeling when they are doing something that they know is wrong. This methodology explains the basis of white collar crimes.

Individuals and industries make up the environment that influences behaviours or characteristics (Coleman, 2006). The large numbers of those who commit these crimes have financial difficulties as social problems. The social climate like economic depressions that the world has occasionally experienced has led to the increase in the white collar crimes. Some industries do not put the plight of the employees into consideration. If they opt to pay their employees sufficiently, then they cannot go an extra mile of stealing extra cash from the company. Coleman (2006) claims that industries are to blame for the rise of white collar crimes.

Question 2

Government crimes occur because high rank officials feel that they help in keeping the government in check (Homel, 2004). The causes of crimes include individual characteristics and their family relations, social factors like access to health, education, housing and employment opportunities. In tackling crimes, Australian government has initiated intervention programs that link various departments. A classical example is the health partnership that integrates police and health sectors where the two departments have integrated efforts fighting to fight crime and drug abuse. This approach now serves as a key facet of Australia’s crime prevention measures that USA and UK refer to as network government approach and joined-up government approach respectively (Homel, 2004).

In ensuring partnership within the departments, the government need to change various existing (Homel, 2004). The changes will include using pooled budgets, partnership arrangements, cooperative measures on performance, integral planning and reviewing the client-provider relationships. A very strong crime prevention bureau or agency is important effective implementation of government initiatives. For instance, the challenges that UK Crime Reduction Programme (CRP) faced clearly indicate that implementation is not an easy task (Homel, 2004). This serves as a good lesson for Australia to emulate. UK had problems implementing the CRP due to staffing difficulties and lack of technical advice as well as inadequate project management skills. Australian government can learn not to put whole government approaches as first strategy because other approaches like scaled down approaches can also apply. Secondly, choosing the best strategy must be through informed problem analysis. Finally, the whole government actions entail more than inter-agency coordination and operation.

References

Coleman, J. W. (2006). The criminal elite: understanding white collar crime: «The Causes», (6th Ed). New York: Worth Publishers. 

Homel, P. (November 2004). The Whole of Government Approach to Crime Prevention. Trends and issues in crime and criminal justice, no. 287. Retrieved from http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current%20series/tandi/281-300/tandi287/view%20paper.html