What is the future role of developing nations in global international institutions? Essay Example

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  • Document type:
    Research Paper
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
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Future roles for developing countries in international institutions

Section A: Overview

International organizations were established way before even the cold war began. The main aim of their establishment was to ensure that globally, there is a balance in the economy as well as peace. This would be fulfilled as more activities such as supporting the developing countries by the already developed countries so as to strike a balance in all continents. These institutions include such as the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, and United Nations among other institutions whose aim of establishment was just dependent on some but not all global issues. Since the World War II, international institutions have increased in number as their functions have diversified (Johnston, 2008, 24). Change is dynamic and this has been seen in these institutions as some of them are altruistic while others are regulatory. These institutions have been used as forums for debate, instruments for military action or enforcement of international agreements in diverse fields of health, labor, agriculture, education, human rights, environment, culture and trade. In all these, we need to understand the roles that developing countries can play in the international institutions in the future, if they have any chance and they are willing to participate.

It becomes challenging for the developing countries to participate in international forums for negotiations. This is simply because, their level of development is way below average hence the ideas that they might come up with, and they may not be able to fulfill hence the need not to participate. It is also overwhelming for them as the international institutions have also set standards for them on how they should spend their resources, this is because; they have debts which they have been given on certain conditions (Thirlwall, 2006, 15). Critically thinking, how can a loanee participate in coming up with ways through which the economy which is funded by the loaner will be developed? Developing countries have such questions to answer before being able to shelve themselves to going to participate in such negotiations.

Analyzing the various roles that developing countries have on international institutions in future becomes an eye opener to a researcher as it opens the various reasons as to why they should participate and the reason as to why they should not participate. These reasons will be covered in the theoretical framework of this research as we also consider the various benefits that result to them being participants in global development.

Section B: Theoretical Framework

During the climate change conference in Rio de jadenero, the major decisions that were made on greenhouse gas emissions as well as gas emissions from nuclear weapons manufacture were that United States and China needed to reduce their emissions so as to make the environment conducive for everyone (Johnston, 2008, 30). This is because, even if these gases may not affect them directly, this is because, even if they thought that these gases do not affect them directly, these gases affect other continents who at the same time have problems being able to live in a stable economy, thus disrupting their economy and at the same time participating in giving them funds to boost their economy does not help. Instead, it makes it hard for them to be involved in such negotiations with the same individuals that are contributing to their environmental degradation at their expense as they themselves benefit from the same. This causes the imbalances as even their ideas may not be used for their best interests.

Neo-realism

It becomes difficult for one to design how another country will operate while the designer is behind in the same development. For developing countries therefore, their role in international institutions would be to first settle their debts as the conditions for those funds have really intensified and they seem unachievable. Then, it is at this time that the developing countries will be able to devise ways to boost their economy on their own without assistance from the developed countries (Hill, & Jain, 2007, 20). Even though these institutions have a great mandate to ensure that the global economy is stabilized, they have introduced conditions that are not attainable by the developing countries hence making it even hard for them to operate effectively in the same market.

The visions that developing and developed countries have are totally different. As developing countries focus on attaining a stable economy where they can sustain themselves without international assistance, the developed countries on the other hand focus on peace-keeping, and peace-building. It is these efforts that make the two operate in parallel as their visions will never be compatible. It is clear therefore that opportunities for all parties to move forward towards attaining the same defined goals as they form stronger multilateral organizations. This has become difficult since the international institutions by themselves are not certain on how this can be achieved.

Rationale

It is true that developing countries are really willing to participate in global institutions decision making as they also affect them. In reality, all the parties may be involved but they are not in essence willing to implement the agreed ideas since they would not work well for their economy since they do not want to part with part of their being sovereign. For all of us to attain a sustainable economy, we must all be willing and ready to participate in the mechanisms through which this can be attained. If it calls for us to deny ourselves some benefits which become expenses to other countries then be it, that is the developing countries spirit but it is not the same in already developed ones. It sees that national interests by both counties is the driving force and if their interests are not served then their participation will not be seen. It is understandable for the developing countries lack of interest in participating in the global forums because; as they work hard to develop, the developed countries are contributing to bringing them down by putting stringent measures on their loans and even making it hard for them to benefit from their environmental resources as they have affected their climate through gases which have contributed to global warming.

Section C: Research Strategy

It is important to note that sometimes even the developed countries can come up with ideas that they themselves are not ready to implement while they give other developing countries pressure on implementing the same. For us to be able to understand and comprehend the various roles that developing countries have with regards to the international institutions, we will follow the theoretical framework as we answer the following questions. International institutions were designed for various specific reasons. They therefore have different expectations from developing countries as they differently expect their conditions to be met (Fowler, 2013, 50).

Research Questions

How do the trade negotiations that affect the global world concern developing countries? Why is it necessary for developing countries to be involved in trade negotiations and climate change while their impact is more or less not felt in the economy? The questions such as how can one be involved in coming up with development ideas while they themselves have challenges in keeping the pace of development? What impact will it have in the economy were developing countries allowed to play a role in the future of international institutions? These are some of the questions that developing countries are faced with as they undertake the process of coming up with decisions on whether they should participate in trade negotiations in the international spheres.

Essay Plan

The role therefore of developing countries in the future is thus not to come up with means and measures through which we can attain international sustainability with regards to the economy or even peace keeping and building but on how they will be able to settle their debts as they devise ways through which they can survive on their own. This is because, these loans have continued to have increased interests which seem not to be payable in their lifetime and it seems that the developed countries have no plans to write off such debts. Instead, due to the recession periods, the financial imbalance seems to be an opportunity for the international institutions to demand their payments which will heavily affect the developing countries.

It is clear that it will be very tasking for developing countries as they join the international organizations. This is because; these institutions have been coupled with issues of corruption, duplication of tasks as well as being unable to effectively deliver their responsibilities. Thus, the developing countries will have to tackle the problem of corruption among other issues that are tied to such organizations. This means that they will have to prune such overloads of inefficiency and these leaders ought to be committed to being cooperative as they focus on overall interests of the international communities without focusing on their interests at the expense of others like the rest have been doing.

Conclusion

In conclusion, international institutions do represent the core of today’s multilateral arrangements that are expected to direct and guide in decision making regarding the international wellbeing of the economy. Despite their success in ensuring that the economy is stable in both developed and developing countries, these institutions are not without disadvantages, they do not function in common guidance, administration and central direction. This does contribute greatly on how developing countries will contribute effectively in international forums for development. This is because; they are not able to contribute to an economy in which they themselves have no control over or they are not considered in the long run. If their contributions would be effectively utilized internationally, then it would become easier for them to even be able to operate well in such markets.

The focus on different interests in also a hindrance as it sees these organizations only implement the decisions that affect their interests such as peace while for the developing countries they would focus on economic development which the developed countries have already accomplished. Thus for them to introduce decisions on peace and they themselves have no capacity to manufacture nuclear weapons, it becomes difficult for one to give another that which they themselves do not have. Their role thus will be overburdening and overwhelming as the systems already have weak administration as well as it will be an era faced with financial crisis that they themselves are faced with. These institutions have also been affected by politics which contributes to their ineffectiveness hence they need to shape up the institutions by ensuring that they are not politicized. This will ensure efficiency and effectiveness as developing countries play a significant role in making international institutions being used for the best interest globally.

Bibliography

Fowler, A. (Ed.). 2013. Striking a balance: A guide to enhancing the effectiveness of non-governmental organisations in international development. Routledge.

Hill, C. W., & Jain, A. K. 2007. International business: Competing in the global marketplace (Vol. 6). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Johnston, A. I. 2008. Social states: China in international institutions, 1980-2000. Princeton University Press.

Rose, A. 2005. Which international institutions promote international trade?. Review of International Economics, 13(4), 682-698.

Thirlwall, A. P. 2006. Growth and development (Vol. 2). Palgrave Macmillan.