Weekly assessment Essay Example
The Paris Agreement
Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change undertook an action and reached a landmark agreement on 12th of December 2015 in Paris. The UNFCCC agreement presents a greater landmark in tackling global climate change that has characterized the world for the past two decades. Summarizing a four year negotiation efforts, the UNFCCC agreement ends the existing differentiation between the developing and developed countries that characterized earlier efforts to produce a global agreement to climate change. The critical areas that characterizes the Paris Agreement include:
Adaptation: this entails the strengthening ability of nations to deal with the impacts of climate change.
A transparency system and global stock-take: That is; accounting for climate action.
Loss and damage: this involves strengthening ability for nations to recover from the effects of climate change.
Mitigation: this involves taking actions that will ensure faster reduction of emissions to achieve the temperature goal.
Support: financial support for nations to help them develop and achieve a clean and resilient future.
Climate change has been a global issue for a long time. The effects of greenhouse gases, nuclear emission, soil erosion, and other environmental degradation have affected the world in its totality. Many efforts, therefore, have been geared towards curbing this menace. The UNFCCC agreement in Paris presents that latest step in the evolution of the United Nations change regime that started in 1992 through the much-needed adoption of the Framework Convection. The Paris Agreement, as hailed by many, is a direction forward in the fight against global warming. This is because, the agreement puts general principles, long-term objectives, basic governance structure, and differentiated commitments for all involved countries. This brings a sense of responsibility for each and every nation hence a collective effort in handling global climate change. As compared to earlier agreements such as the 1997 Kyoto Protocol or 2009 Copenhagen Accord, the Paris Agreement presents a hybrid approach to climate change. That is; it brings about flexibility in managing climate change to achieve broad participation through top-down rules that will help in accountability and ambition.
One aspect of The UNFCCC agreement in Paris that was applauded is that it broke away from the traditional norm whereby such landmark agreements are realized by developed economies such as United States, France, Russia and others; but in exemption of countries such as India and China that also have such obligations. In this regard, the Paris Agreement changes the dynamic of the global climate change by requiring collective actions from each and every country irrespective of the economic status.
The UNFCCC agreement sends a powerful message on the word’s commitment to tackling climate change and low carbon future. According to scientists, the deal solely will not solve global warming. However, it will help cut global greenhouse gas emissions by at least half enough. This is because the content if fully implemented is capable of staving-off an increase in atmospheric temperatures of 20C or 3.60 Fahrenheit. Most importantly, the Paris Agreement presents a shift in global economic policy that will ensure that the global warming that started in Industrial Revolution will level out and eventually reduced. The effectiveness of the Paris Agreement will, therefore, depend on the commitment of each nation in implementing it.
Nations, United. «Framework Convention on Climate Change.» Adoption of the Paris Agreement (2015): 1-32. print.
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