Week 8 Task with Questions and Answers
Question one: Role of Environment Ethics
Environmental ethics can be defined as rather a branch of ethics that explain the relationship between the human beings and the environment and how these specific ethics play the role in the environment cycle. The human beings have the duties of protecting the environment from degradation in the terms of global warming, the extinction of rare species of plants and animals, deforestation and the global climate change and most important the natural resources degradation. Human beings have been tasked at minimizing the levels of pollution to the environment, minimizing deforestation by planting trees and minimizing the use of agrochemicals in the modern farming.
Every human being ought to keep the immediate environment safe and protected. This is to prevent the occurrence of adverse effects of global warming such as the rising oceans levels which have lead to massive flooding in coastal areas, rising earth temperatures, extinction of the rarest species of animals and plants. It is very true that keeping environment safe and fully protected will allow the natural resource to replenish to acceptable levels if not original levels to provide for the future generations to come. Therefore we can conclude that it is the duty of every human being in any corner of the globe to keep the immediate environment safe and free from any impending danger.
Question two: Fossil fuel firms are still bankrolling climate denial lobby groups
I can actually describe the fossil fuel firms as tricksters in the modern day era. They pretend to be working on the means of reducing the emissions from fossil fuel products produced by their firms yet on the other side they are promoting lobby groups that spread the gospel that their fossil fuels products are not polluting the environment and that their use pose very little harm to the environment. We all know that fossil fuels pose severe risks that disrupt the climate hence the use of lobby groups such as the ALEC, provides the opportunity of branding these fossil fuels producing companies such as Shell and BP as modern masters of deceits.
Funders of misinformation campaigns such as the ExxonMobil acknowledge that the rising greenhouse gases pose significant risk both to humans and environment yet they spread the opposite gospel so that they are not liable at minimizing the heat trapping emissions. They are only focusing on their positive business performance yet they are progressively tampering with the environment which in the next future will adversely affect the common way of life of every mankind living under the rays of the sun.
We conclude that the fossil fuel producing companies should take responsibilities for their actions as did the tobacco companies. These companies should invest in low carbon fuels and also pay a fair price in the process of limiting the damage to the climate due to the emission of greenhouses as a result of the use of fossil fuels produced by them.
Question three: “Many treaties to save the earth, but where`s the will to implement them?”
Various world nations have set up treaties to protect the natural environment but have ended up ignoring those treaties later. The will to implement them has fallen tom the deaf ears of the authorities tasked to do so; the results of the failure are disastrous, rising ocean levels, air and water pollution, soil degradation. Extinction of rarest species of plants and animals are only a few of the mentionable beckoning adverse effects of the polluted environment. There exist some reasons why the various world authorities have ignored those already signed agreements and treaties. They are;
Most environmental agreements failed to work since governments are signed up to other trade or economy treaties
Rich nations promote the global economic agenda which in turn opens up the third world countries to multinational companies that are able to lobby and bully the national and the international laws as did the Shell company in Nigeria in regard to pollution
Many treaties are only signed at international conferences yet at the domestic levels they are not ratifies as laws and regulations to be adhered to
Some world countries act with impunity in regard to these treaties as it was the case of Canada with reference to the Kyoto treaty
Some nation`s analysts argue that there are many bodies making the treaties hence they cannot follow them till a ratification by the UN is undertaken
Finally some world nation are very poor and are not in capacity to implement these treaties due to the status of their national economy which cannot allow them to implement such treaties as it is the case in the third world countries.
Question four: What makes an Activist`s Psychology Today
An activist can be defined or described as a person who actually campaigns for some kind of radical changes to take place in the modern society. An activist must possess various traits in his or her psychology in order to be able to effectively chant the activist role in the right manner. They activists, usually work out of self esteem to achieve the pre-determined radical changes in the society across the world.
Activists are courageous persons, who are not criminals, they have the aim of creating a positive oriented peaceful changes hence they are non-violent elements who are also selfless. They usually want the whole society to benefit from the achieved progress. An activist must be a person who is capable of inspiring other notable person s in the society through their admirable actions as did Martin Luther in America. The activists are rather stubborn persons who refuse to accept the modern day injustices and they are not ready to retreat from their dreams till they are achieved as predetermined in their activism objectives.
Question five: The Tragedy of the Tamar Valley Pulp mill
The tragedy of the Tamer Valley Pulp mill should not have ended in such manner. Various aspects touching both the entrepreneurs and the workers should have first been addressed into details. Many workers lost their jobs and back at home, many could not be able to settle their daily if not monthly bills, their welfare had been challenged if I may state frankly. The investors on their part lost much capital out of the winding or rather shutting down of the company. The farmers could no longer find a buyer of their produce. Various parties benefiting from the pulp factory had been negatively affected by the closure decision. Lobby groups should not have acted in such manner. Various measures should have been implemented to ensure neither of the considerate party went unconsidered. Minimization of pollution should have been undertaken through use of modern technologies rather than closing down the factory.
Though environmental degradation is nowadays a disaster, it should be tamed with much care. We cannot shut down all factories under the sun in the aim of conserving the environment. We can only look for alternative ways to reduce the emissions that result in pollution and use modern viable technologies to restore the natural resources at least to acceptable levels if not the original levels. Shutting down the factory was not the option; the immediate community should have at least been compensated considerable for their polluted adjacent environment. Doing so would benefit everyone.
Question six: Is a moratorium of whaling needed?
International Whaling Commission (IWC) is an international organization set up to provide conservation program for the whale creatures across the oceans of the earth. Moratorium f whaling is therefore useful in the conservation of the rarest species of the whales. Various cultural foundations across countries such as Japan and the Russian federation have always opposed the efforts of the IWC across the world.
However the IWC has achieved some form of progress in some countries in Europe where non-zero whaling is allowed quotas for subsistence that is aboriginal and in those countries the citizens are awarded permits for fish the whales. We can say that IWC is progressively achieving some form of achievement as days go by. The symbolic powers of the whales have dated many years back to community bordering the massive permanent waters. For example in the Arctic region among the Inupiaq legends, the great spirit that created the whale is highly respected and it is required for nay man who wants to hunt this largest mammal first to undergo some initiation rites in order to hunt the whale. This shows how mighty the symbolic powers of whale are.
Question seven: How do we judge whether an action is moral or not?
Utilitarianism is a theory in ethics (normative) that states that a morally good action is one that makes good utility and minimizes harm. Therefore this theory is very useful in determining which actions will make a person happy and which a person should avoid in the daily life. For example in the industrial revolution, there has been the issue of the use of coal. In the early days of industrial revolution before the realization of other sources of energy, coal was the primary source of world energy.
Steam engines relied on coal to work. We can therefore contemplate than mankind favored use of coal since its uses were more and beneficial rather than the only demerit of pollution. Coal was cheap, easy to transport and readily available. Coal offered much energy per unit weight when compared with other fuels such as charcoal. Therefore the merits of coal were more than demerits. Therefore the use of coal as source of energy was morally right in the then society. We conclude that morally right action is one that maximizes utility.
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