Web Communication

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  • Question one: What is the Internet?

Internet has multifaceted definitions. It can be networked computers and such network managed through powerlines, cables, satellites or radio among other gadgets (Benz and Schmidt-thieme, 2012). What needs to be noted with regard to this definition is that users are connected either directly or indirectly to a given server. Conversely, this definition refutes the argument that Internet can be equated to World Wide Web (WWW) or email. To further conceptualise the definition, such networking is aided by specific software such as Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) designated to allow users communicate via email. Another example of such software is the Internet Relay Chat (IRC) that allows users to do Instant Messaging or chat on the platform (Internet) via text. Defining the term within the context of protocol suite, Alexander (2009) looks at Internet as world-wide network that uses a standardised set of communication that he categorises as ‘Internet protocol (IP) or transmission control protocol (TCP)’ (P. 53).

Question two: What is the World Wide Web

World Wide Web (WWW) has connectedness with the definition of Benz and Schmidt-thieme (2012). That is, it is from the software and hardware of what make Internet that Web get its application. To underscore this statement, SMTP as seen above relies on Internet to function. Similarly, Web is a set of applications that uses the software and hardware making the Internet. While Web constitutes one side of argument, World Wide Web is another. To include World Wide to the definition of Web Boulos and Wheeler (2011) explain that it is channeled Internet servers that work with materials integrated as HyperText Markup Language (HTML). Thus, it will be possible to access hypertext information contained on web servers. Having known World Wide Web from the perspective of Boulos and Wheeler, a web browser on the other hand is software (client to WWW) that clients use to access WWW.

Question three: What is the relationship between the World Wide Web and the Internet

In is important to understand the relationship between World Wide Web and Internet by considering the argument as postulated by Best (2006) as cited in D’Souza (n.d). To begin with, WWW is collection of application using the platform or the functionalities of Internet to execute its functions. Within this context thought, it is essential to point that it is through WWW that people can realise what an Internet is. That is, from the surface, WWW makes what is naturally known by many as Internet. Secondly, Internet has been defined as a collection of computers connected using a gadget such as powerlines. This connection enables people to communicate with each other. The connectedness Benz and Schmidt-thieme (2012) bring with regard to such connection is that WWW is a medium that offers many to many communications as the computers are connected to a given server, either directly or indirectly. It is for this reason that most of applications in use on the Internet have been necessitated through WWW.

  • Question four: What are three purported differences between the World Wide Web as it first emerged, and the more recent Web 2.0?

To begin with, WWW and Web 2.0 can be differentiated in the sense that the latter makes Web (as initially defined) to embrace a platform on which other advanced software can operate or run. Basing on the tenets of Web as earlier defined, it can be noted that 2.0 offers an improved platform. For instance, with Web 2.0 there is no need to click ‘next page’ because there is dynamic generation of pages. Secondly, with HTTPs and HTMLs as it comes with Web, the experience seems static. Contrariwise, Web 2.0 offers users the ability to create them and such can be attributed to sites like Facebook which is attributable to an individual. Finally, a classic feature offered only when using Web 2.0 is the aspect of metadata. Unlike Web 2.0, categorisation of information as stored in a given web application was a privilege of site owners (Benz and Schmidt-thieme (2012)

Question five: What is RSS and why is it significant to Web 2.0?

Really Simple Syndicationas commonly expanded to eXtensible Markup Language (commonly referred to as XML) that can use RDF (Resource Description Framework) for the functions of representing information concerning WWW (D’Souza, 2011, p.6). As question four took a case study of Facebook to help show such uniqueness to earlier
Web and Web 2.0, the significance of RSS will be based on the same. That is, RSS has feeds which are also structures with ability to arrange content (within Facebook) which can be or are always updated regularly for other users to retrieve them. To be specific with the idea, it is through RSS that bloggers can now create a different kind of media where they can video and audio files to act as primary content to such posts. This is not to mention RSS feeds that allow owners to reformat their content severally.

Reference List

Alexander, B. (2009). Web 2.0: A new wave of innovation for teaching and learning.

EDUCAUSE Review. Vol. 41, No. 2, March/April 2006, pp. 32–44. EDUCAUSE: Boulder, USA. Updated version
available online at: http://www.educause.edu/apps/er/erm06/erm0621.asp
[last accessed 25/08/2014].

Benz, D., and Schmidt-thieme, L. (2012). Automatic bookmark classification: a

collaborative approach. WWW 2006 Conference, May 22–26, 2006, Edinburgh, UK. Available online at: http://www.wmin.ac.uk/~courtes/iwi2006/benz_automatic.pdf [last accessed 25/08/2014].

Boulos, K. and Wheeler, S., (2011). Wikis, blogs and podcasts: a new generation of Web based

tools for virtual collaborative clinical practice and education. BMC Medical Education. 15thAugust 2006, 6:41. Available online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6920/6/41 [last accessed25/08/2014].

D’Souza, Q. (n.d.) Web 2.0 Ideas for Educators; A guide to RSS and more: The Creative

Commons Attribution. Retrieved March 24, 2010, from http://www.teachinghacks.com/files//100ideasWeb2educators.pdf
[last accessed 25/08/2014].