Wax flower Production in Australia Essay Example

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4LITERATURE REVIEW

Wax flower Production in Australia

Wax flowers Production in Australia

The wax flower plant is a shrub plant that belongs to the genus Chamelaucium. In Australia the plant is commonly referred as the Geraldton wax plant. This is because the plant is commonly found in the Geraldton town in Australia (Fucheng et al., 2010). The botanical name of wax flower is Chamelaucium uncinatum. The plant is indigenous in Western Australia where it is propagated by means of cuttings in order to obtain its floral parts. Wax flowers are indigenous plants that are found in Australia and have been increasingly become important export in the country (Schandl et al., 2008). It is among the world most exported horticultural products that has a worldwide value of approximately $200 million. In Australian the wax flower business and industry is worthy $15million. This means that wax flower business is among the most exported products in Australia which amount to around 90 percent of the horticultural exports. In Western Australia the total production of wax flower is estimated at the value of A$202.7 million annually. This means that the industry contributes about 10-15 percent of the domestic sales exports of the country. The major markets for wax flowers include Japan, United States and the European Union.

Wax flower Production in Australia

Figure 1: Table showing the export of wax flowers from Australia to other parts of the world.

There are different species of wax flowers that are planted in Australia which includes Chamelaucium spp that is mostly profitable in the country. Other species of wax flowers include Chamelaucium confertiflorum, Chamelaucium marchantii, Chamelaucium virgatum, Chamelaucium axillare and Chamelaucium gracile. There are also hybrids of the wax flowers which are developed in order to provide high yields and withstand changes in environmental conditions. These hybrids include hybrids between Chamelaucium uncinatum and C. megalopetalum (Fucheng et al., 2010).

Wax flower Production in Australia 1

Figure 2: Chamelaucium uncinatum (Fucheng et al., 2010).

References

Fucheng, S., Seaton, K., & Yang, H. (2010). Early identification of wax flower (Chamelaucium) hybrids using RGAP markers. New Zealand Journal of Crop & Horticultural Science, 38(3), 217-224.

Schandl, H., Poldy, F., Turner, G. M., Measham, T. G., Walker, D. H., & Eisenmenger, N. (2008). Australia’s Resource Use Trajectories. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 12(5/6), 669-685