Understanding tourism and travel Essay Example
Generating region in tourism describes the places or areas a tourist originates from while destination region refers to the place or location where the tourist desires to visit also known as tourist destination. The transit region refers to a wide array of conditions that comprises the tourist system such cultural, political, economic, social, environmental (Weaver & Lawton, p. 21).
The origin governments have a number of roles to play in the tourism system through the provision of various services to tourists. Origin governments are particularly responsible for the regulation of travel and handling issues related with various travel destinations. Outbound tourists require liberalization and the origin governments must consider countries with approved destination status to effectively advice its citizens (Weaver & Lawton, p. 34). The tourist sector is therefore dependent on the government for it to thrive through the provision of favorable political, economic, and social environment.
According to (Cohen, p. 532), a tourist is an individual who undertakes a voluntary trip primarily for adventure on a temporary basis. An emigrant on the hand refers to trip to a particular destination that is not aimed at pleasurable experiences or adventure but for other goals. Lastly, nomads travel purposely to survive as way f life and not for adventure or other goals. (Cohen, p.534).
Cohen, p. 532, describes recurrent trips entails visiting the same place or destination several times while non-recurrent means visiting a place once a single time for instance from Australia to Abu Dhabi once. He further describes the physical distance covered by people using “relatively long” pointing out at spatial awareness and distance.
The tourism industry as described by (Smith, p. 183) encompasses numerous businesses that are important in the provision of goods and services to promote businesses, recreation, pleasure, and leisure. Therefore, it is a total industry with differently interrelated components that include hotels to provide accommodation, airplanes to facilitate transportation, travel agencies, recreation facilities, and restaurants among others.
The different forms of tourists, domestic, outbound, and inbound have distinctive features and so is their description to differentiate them appropriately (Leiper, p. 238).
Theme parks, five star hotels, and caravan parks form different sectors in tourism, provide varied services, and serve different target customers (Leiper, p. 241.)
Urry and media share a link in that both arguments, the world view is regarded as the most significant aspect in tourism experiences (Urry, p.3). For instance, Maasai artwork from Kenya is a sign of places and so are the stuffed kanagaroos from Australia.
Enclavic space is different from heterogeneous space since the latter lack boundaries whereby tourism activities are normally unplanned, occur in a contingent manne, encalvic space work together with other agencies, and are mainly project developments (Edensor, p. 331)
Boorstin, p. 105, considers modern air conditioned hotels and motor freeways to be inferior elements of the tourist experience because lack the ideal experience daily. Pseudo events are not authentic because they lack genuine local elements and are designed to specifically suit a tourists needs.
Tourists find it more satisfying to enjoy familiarity and feel protected while travelers on the other hand enjoy unfamiliar experiences that are derived from such adventures from the locals (McCabe, p, 98).
Boorstin, D 1963, the image, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, pp. 86-125.
Cohen, E. (1974). Who is a tourist? a conceptual clarification. Keele, Keele University.
Edensor, T 2000, ‘staging tourism: tourists as performers’, Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 322-344.
Leiper, N. (2008). Why ‘the tourism industry’ is misleading as a generic expression: The case for the plural variation, ‘tourism industries’. Tourism Management. 29, 237-251.
McCabe, S 2005, ‘“Who is a tourist?” A critical review’, Tourist Studies, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 85- 106.
Smith, S 1988, ‘Defining tourism: a supply-side view’, Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 179-190.
Urry, J 2002, the tourist gaze, 2nd edn, SAGE Publications, London.
Weaver, D & Lawton, L 2014, Tourism management, 5th edn., John Wiley & Sons, Milton, Queensland.
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