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Understanding the size, structure and interconnecting elements of the tourism, hospitality and events sectors will be of value in whichever career path I choose

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Tourism 5


Understanding the size, structure and interconnecting elements of the tourism, hospitality and events sectors and my career

The tourism, events and the hospitality sectors are made up of a number of sectors that interconnect them. They include accommodation, tour guiding, holiday parks and resorts, transports and many others, some of which do not qualify as sectors in the conventional sense (Valva, 2014). This essay looks into the size and structure of the tourism, hospitality sectors as well as their interconnecting elements that could influence my decision in the choice of a career path. It will focus specifically the sectors that make up the tourism industry and how it can influence the choice of a career. The paper will use the united states of American tourism, hospitality and events as the point of focus and at the same time dwell on the tour guide profession as a career choice.

One sector that makes up the tourism in hospitality and the events sector is the transport industry. The major modes of transport include, air, road, rail, cable, and water (Watson 2016). The global tourism rose by 4.4% in 2015 to achieve an aggregate of 1,184 million, as indicated by the most recent UNWTO World Tourism report. Approximately 50 million more travelers went to destinations around the world compared to 2014 (Watson 2016). The hospitality, events and tourism industries are the biggest economic activities in the United States, contributing 1.47 trillion dollars to the GDP in 2014. The sectors were projected to contribute more than 2.5 trillion dollars by 2025 (Dewally, 2015). There were 75 million non-resident guests to the United States in 2015, with New York City being the most visited among the cities. Among the guests, are tourists from Canada who contributed the most to global tourist expenditure at around 26 billion U.S. dollars. Tourist from China and Mexico additionally spent liberally in the industry (Dewally, 2015).

The tourism, hospitality and the events sector involve a number of industries such as event management, holiday parks, hospitality services, hotels, hostels, pubs, membership clubs, restaurants, night clubs, and transport facilities. The sectors account for employment of over two million in the United States of America, most of whom are based at the restaurants, the hospitality services, bars, hotels, hostels, pubs, membership clubs, restaurants and night club industries (Valva, 2014).

The transport sector being an important aspect of tourism, hospitality and events have undergone a lot of changes made possible by the changing global business environment. There as so many influential emerging trends taking place in the tourism industry that has influenced the rate at which people travel to other destinations. One of the major reasons is that the emerging market countries are now increasing their expenditure on tour and travels (VisitEngland, 2013). This is a society that did not have enough for their basics, but now have enough to travel and visit the different destinations all over the world. More than half of non resident individuals who visited the United States of America in 2014 came from the so called emerging markets (Srinivasa, 2014).

The other emerging trend is the increase in the number of air airlines due to the growing popularity of air transport. In the United States of America, there are over five thousand flights taking place at any given time. The tourism, hospitality and the events sector have greatly benefited from this pattern because more than ever, more people are able to travel to the destinations they could not reach before. The trend is therefore beneficial to the tourism sector because tourists are able to reach their destinations in a short time (VisitEngland, 2013).

The emergence of the social media and other modern communication platforms have contributed to an upsurge in the numbers of tourists. More than ever, the United States government is using all the campaign tools at their disposal to market the various attraction sites in the country by use of their websites as well as the social media platforms. Hotels and other organization have seized the opportunity to showcase what they have for their visitors (Dewally, 2015).

The tourism, events and the hospitality sectors have provided employment opportunities for millions of people all over the world especially in the transport industry. With so many people and so many planes in the sky, ships in the oceans, trains and roads, more and more people are now travelling. The increasing number of airlines moreover means that there are more opportunities for the individuals involved in the tourism, hospitality and the events management sector (Chiang et al 2013). On the ground too, tourism has provided so many employment opportunities all over the world, both in the product market as well as the service industry. The job opportunities include the direct job opportunities where job seekers are employed as tour guides, in restaurants and the hotels while the indirect employment opportunities come in the form of opportunities created by the support sectors such as transport, security, accommodation as well as the sale of products that are of interest to the tourists (Yeh 2013). On the ground too, the number of people involved in the handling of tourists ranging from transport providers to other players who benefit directly or indirectly. Of particular concern to me in the transport sector due to my position of a tour guide. Tourists visiting a place for the first time will usually require somebody who is well acquainted with the place who will show them around to visit their areas of interest. This is a career path that I intend to follow.

The tourism, hospitality and events industry is expanding. The career I would want to venture into is to work as a tour guide. This will match with my academic backgrounds since I have a bachelors degree in Tourism management with a specialization in tour guide and three years of working experience. This qualification and experience is enough for me to look for a job opportunity at the industry. With the increasing number of tourists travelling all over the world and specifically in the United States of America, there is high demand for tour guides (Gustavo, 2013). I hope to make use of the opportunity that has been made available by the ever growing tourism, hospitality and events industries to achieve my dream working opportunity.

In conclusion, the tourism, hospitality and event industry are a source of revenue for most jurisdictions. The sectors are expanding and the transport industry is the beneficiary of all these growth and the prospects. Anyone, therefore who would want to work in these industries in a specific sector should look at the transport industry. The air travel offers more opportunities because the high demand has driven up the number of airlines that we will need agents to work for them.


Chiang, F., Birtch, T.A and Cai, Z 2013, ‘Front-line service employees’ job satisfaction in the hospitality industry: The influence of job demand variability and the moderating roles of job content and job context factors’, Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, vol. 55, n4, p. 398–407. doi: 10.1177/1938965513514628.

Dewally, M 2015, Determinants of financial policy in the hospitality sector in the USA, Tourism Economics, doi: 10.5367/te.2015.0527

Gustavo, N 2013, Marketing Management Trends in Tourism and Hospitality Industry: Facing the 21st Century Environment. International Journal of Marketing Studies, vol. 5, no. 3, p. 1-26.

Srinivasa, R 2014, Emerging trends in hospitality and tourism, International Journal of Research, vol. 1, issue. 1, p. 1-8.

Watson, R 2016, What’s next — top trends in airlines, hotels, travel & tourism. Retrieved 29th April 2016 from http://www.nowandnext.com/?action=top_trend/list_trends&sectorId

Yeh, C 2013, ‘Tourism involvement, work engagement and job satisfaction AMONG frontline hotel employees’, Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 42, p. 214–239. doi: 10.1016/j.annals.2013.02.002.

Valva, P 2014, Shared livng and sustainability: Emerging Trends in the Tourism Industry, Journal of Tourism, Culture, and Territorial Devlopment, vol. 5, no. 3, p. 1-18.

VisitEngland 2013, Domestic Leisure Tourism for the next decade. Retrieved 29th April 2016 from https://www.visitengland.com/sites/default/files/visit_england_report_print_tcm30-39493.pdf