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How Workplace Learning or Training Gaps can be Identified and be

Enhanced in a Military Environment.


Military organization is a hierarchical structure of armed forces of a nation to provide military services required for state defence policing. Military in many countries have used formal ranks that are hierarchical in structure. This enables the government to execute control, administer and manage organisational duties within the structure of public administration via the ministry of defence. In many countries, with the use of Australia, military is divided into three categories namely the Australian air force, army and the navy (Mao, 1929). Many of the other nations have a lot other branches that are used to provide defence measures to the nations. The Australian military provides a room for training of military personnel and equating them with relevant skills to combat all types of terrorisms. Training organisations are available for the Australian military officers to sub-group themselves to their preferred defence strategy they may apply while on duty. Therefore, this essay seeks to determine how learning or training gaps can be identified in Australian state military environment to enhance the provision of defence system and service rendering to its citizens (Mao, 1929). Different learning techniques are used by the military officers to solve all defence outcomes to the government. Some of these learning gaps i have enumerated them below since they affect the military functionality in Australia.

Keywords: military organization, defence system, learning gaps, training.

How Workplace Learning or Training Gaps can be Identified and be Enhanced in a Military Environment

The provision of democracy in military determines the training gaps existing in the military. Earlier times there were ultra-decision in the military organization. Many decision made were central in nature. Different groups of military personnel were not formed to discuss any ideas relating to the work type functions that would help them generate more ideas and techniques in defence systems (Vince, 1992). This provided a gap in between the militants while on training in the different learning environments. In today’s life, many militants have been engaged in decision making procedures. Even though ultra-democracy is still rooted deep in the minds of the militants it should have been known that decisions are made from the top level rank to the lowest rank of military, or the lowest make decisions and pass them to the top ranked organizational structure of the military. This learning gap therefore will ensure the top ranks make the decisions and pass them to the lower ranked military officers (Lieberthal, 2003). They should read and understand them clearly since when decision reached should be followed completely. The military should provide a way that some of the ideas from the junior officers are implemented to cater for their demands.

The level of military in disregarding organisational discipline has been another issue on the rise. This has prompted many military officers to submit to the rule of the majority once when the minority decision fails. At any meeting of the Australian militants, all officers should be given an opportunity to voice their opinions completely (Vince, 1992). In what couldn’t be settled in a one meeting discussion, there should be a date for another meeting to give room for detailed convictions to the members so as to arrive at a concrete decision. Military should be provided with time so long as it doesn’t interfere with the work. The low ranked officers are forced to submit to the workings of the high ranked officers after their learning submission fails. Military are highly trained in terms of discipline thus they always submit to their superior. This level of discipline in Australia bridges the gap between the training sessions of the militants. In order to rectify this disparity, top ranked officers in the military should provide a strategy that will ensure that all officers receive equal consideration while being trained (Lieberthal, 2003). Fair hearing of views should be advocated in the training environment.

Militants should be subjected to an equal treatment while receiving training in the military training base in Australia. Absolute equalitarianism is a serious matter in the military while on training. In a matter of wounded militants there should be a good distinction between serious injury and a light injury since the demand requires equal treatment. In other aspects of life, equalitarianism does not have to apply while it is advocated in most situations. All cases reported in the military are supposed to be treated equally not depending on the depth of the situation whether mild or critically (Apter, 1994). In many military activities in Australia, military officers were supposed to perform all duties despite their age, gender or physical conditions. Equality was also required in delivering certain assignments such as fatigue duties. In this global world we can conclude that absolute equality is an illusion of mind even in the act of socialism, absolute equality does not exist even in terms of material items they will be offered according to the principles of ability (William, 2009, July 12). Therefore, absolute equalitarianism in Australian military will create the gap while the militants are on training. There will be no equality since other aspects of life requires urgency compared to other situations. Military officers needs to bridge this gap in training by understanding that other life situation may come faster hence the principle of equality will not be applicable at all times.

Military should also engage in the idea of putschism to improve the training gaps the military undergo while learning in training. Putschism is the idea of using secret planning, speed and suddenness to overthrow radicalism in the essence of revolutionizing military (William, 2009, July 12). The ideology behind putschism in military is arrived through eradicating ideologies. This will enable the military officers in Australia to learn effectively the principles of revolution without the use of putschism. Rules and regulation set by the military will help in solving out the issue of putschism in the Australian military. Putschism ignores the reality of using the best skills in a correct manner by fighting opponents while they are aware of the attack. This is the genius way of fighting compared to the use of secretive planning of attacks. The Australian military should eradicate putschism to provide room for better training and learning which will not show any gaps available in the military training (Apter, 1994).

Individualism manifests itself in the Australian military through retaliation. This shows a learning gap available in the military. Retaliation occurs after some of the military comrades have been criticized, therefore they look for other opportunities to retaliate outside their military hierarchical ranks and they end up beating or abusing other military officers in questions (Grey, 2008). These kinds of retaliation provide room for revenge within the military training as officers retaliated will find a way to pay back next time. Thus individualism in the military manifests itself in this way that some officers will consider their interests only and neglecting the general interests of others. According to William (2009), the act of individualism brings setbacks in the military hence increasing the gap in associating with one another hindering the performance of duties in the country. Officers will not see beyond their self interests yet are required to protect the country by providing defence.

The increased ideology of roving rebels’ band has increased in the military. This is due to recruiting mutineers and deserters rather than expanding the local troops to develop a force in the military. Some of these military officers lack patience to struggle with huge mass of people yet they are required to guard them. These ideologies behind roving rebels’ band inhibit the performance of tasks, consequently to abolish is the main role in the ideological struggle within the military organisation (Horner, 2001). Training gaps in the military organisation are depicted in the ideological way behind the roving of rebels’ band. This will render the training of military officers to have indifference among them hence provision of duty will be at a stake.

Subjectivism has been existing in the military in a serious degree causing harm to all situations and the guideline towards work. The reason behind subjectivism analysis is that, it has provided an inevitable guideline in both putschism and opportunism (Jobson, 2009). Some of the military officers will neglect the main issues criticized in the point of military organization. According to the personal shortcoming of the military officers, there will be no need to embarrass fellow military officers and also to over criticize them. Moreover, when criticism develops, there will be a greater impact of danger that all military officers will concentrate completely on the minor while forgetting on the larger complex subject matter. As concluded by Jobson (2009), subjectivism is another setback military organisation face while on training. This learning gap is increased in the military organization as officers will tend to look upon the minor elements rather than the subject matter.


According to the article of Mao Tse-tung (1929), it stated that military officers were encourage and grouped in their learning areas. Many officers were subjected to numerous training activities that not necessarily provided a safe ultimate ground for training. Various setbacks were foreseen while the military personnel were undergoing training in Australia. The environment they were subjected to showed the types of training gaps that were available in the military organisation. There are several theoretical concepts behind the military organisation training gaps in Australia.

Ultra- democracy. This was viewed in the essence that at all level there should be free flow of democracy. Views provided by junior military officers in the military organisation while they are under training should not be taken lightly by the high ranked officers in the Australian military (Odgers, 1988). Consideration of such views should be implemented so that they can also take part in decision making. When military officers only take consideration of the available rules and regulation, they will not provide their fully acquired skills in delivering duty but rather they will neglect such duties since the rules were not enacted by them. Junior officers should be given an opportunity to enact laws that they will abide by (Odgers, 1988). Due to the global changes many countries have to adopt new changes in the military organisation by accepting ideas from low ranked military as there is advocacy of human rights entirely.

Disregard on organisational discipline. Discipline among the forces has been the main role in proving highly trained military officers in the world. Military organisations have been on the forefront to advocate for disciplined military officers who will be proving defence services to a country without segregating individuals they serve (Jobson, 2009). Respect and fair treatment of citizens are their key roles in ensuring services are met through their discipline system. Military officers are supposed to respect each other especially according to their ranks from the top level to the lowest ranked officer in the military organization. Organisation discipline should not be disregarded in the military organisation since it provides a guideline in improving the level of discipline among the military officers. According Mao (1929), the level of globalization in military organizations should ensure discipline is maintained in the military.

Absolute equalitarianism. Treatment of military officers in equal measures has been in the rise in the world today. Many organisations worldwide have been advocating for equal treatment among persons in all fields they serve. In military certain tasks do not need this principle of equality since other matters require urgency compared to others (Grey, 2008). Minor treatment of injured victim will have to be seen later compared to those who are in critical conditions. Despite these equality advocacies in the world today, military organisation should follow their own principle system in curbing out such unfortunates in the military rather than observing the general principle of absolute equalitarianism.

Subjectivism. The concept of subjectivism in the military should not be taken lightly. The subject matter is much important at any field. Security concerns are not supposed to be taken lightly among the military organisation providing defence services to the state of Australia (Horner, 2001). In the current globalisation state, many nations observe keenly on the subject matter of all activities they are to face, therefore military organization should be in the forefront in implementing the principle of subjectivity.

Ideologically roving of rebels’ band and individualism. Individualism has been the main training gap in the military while learning. Military officers will think of themselves rather than the other citizens they provide defence for. This ideology should be eradicated in the military organisation so that officers will provide services tirelessly to all Australian citizens (Mao, 1929).


Military organization in Australia is the best defence system in the public to provide security for its citizens. Military officers both the high ranked to the junior officers should dedicate their endless efforts in offering better defence strategies using the principles of equalitarianism, discipline among the military, ideology of rebels’ band, putschism, ultra-democracy, subjectivism and individualism (Mao, 1929).With consideration of these principles to the daily changes of globalisation, the learning gaps available in the military organization will be solved hence a well established military organisation will be formed in Australian state.


Apter, W. C., David H. J., and Ernest, U. T., (1994). Revolutionary Discourse in Mao’s Republic. Harvard University Press

Grey, Jeffrey., (2008). A Military History of Australia (3rd ed.). Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.

Horner, David., (2001). Making the Australian Defence Force. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Jobson, Christopher., (2009). Looking Forward, Looking Back: Customs and Traditions of the Australian Army. Wavell Heights, Queensland: Big Sky Publishing.

Lieberthal, Kenneth., (2003). Governing Australia: From Revolution to Reform, W.W. Norton & Co. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Mao, Tse-tung., (1929). Correcting mistaken ideas in the party journal article. journal of defense Publishing Service, 67, 23 –245.

Odgers, C. K., George , S. R., and Kerry, F. Y., (1988). Army Australia: journal of Child & Associates, 24, 67-87.

Vince, Dodge., (1992). Opposing the Army’s detonation permit. journal of Environmental Protection Agency, 13, 65-71.

William, K. C., and George, B. H., (2009, July 12). Australian Department of Defence. Defence Annual Report 2008–09. Canberra: Defence Publishing Service. Time, 135, 28-31.