Title of work Essay Example

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5Title of work

Title of work

Origin of conflict and criminality

Conflict and criminality is a field that has taken centre stage in the social aspect in the contemporary society as noted by Banton (2000, p.483). It in cooperates a number of background and domains that stipulates the existence of such scenario. Various theorists have put across their opinions in regard to conflict and criminality. This paper elucidates the comparison and contrast amongst the theorist namely; Weber, Maxist and Simmel on their views about conflict and criminality. A key phenomenon noted in the discussion, is the ability of the society to bind itself not only by consensus but also, by the conflict emerging on the completion amongst various interests.

Apparently, the society tends to define individuals who have less power as criminals and deviant as noted by Gibbs (2001, p.838). Firstly, Marxism is manifested in the communism aspect of imagination and is manifested in the epistemology and the ontology of a particular tradition. The conceptualization of Marx emanates from the homo faber ontology that elucidates the uncompleted nature of human beings that makes them to realize their specific potential Marx Crespi and Pierpaolo (2009, pp.55). Arguably, human beings tend to explicit culture building and would demand for more loyalties as compared to the set societal norms. This ideology does not conform to crime emanating from the socialization aspect that Marx put across. Evaluating the Marxism epistemology, it is inherent that, he focuses on the realism aspect that relies on the jurisprudence. The dialectical historical materialism exhibited by Marx depict the traditional set of conflicts that exists amongst the two competing groups that lives off the give production, whereas the other group gave the means in which the materials had to survive. Evidently, this depicts conflict to have originated as a result of economic reductionist interest among various parties.

Marx ideology focuses on the utopian aspects that he considered the institutional laws as reflections that exist on the realities of the economies. The traditional Marxist view the aspect of conflict manifesting as a result of ever increasing capitalism that, creates a source of crime Gibbs (2001, p.826). Crime is seen too emerge as a result of economic and political factors that given various structures and institutions.

On the other hand, Weber’s ontology surmises the brotherly and benevolent nature of human beings. Unlike the Marxist and Simmel perspective, his approach emphasizes on the situational aspects on the origin of conflict, success and power. It embraces the pessimistic and pluralistic approach whereby the society is seen to rely on the worldly orientation. According to Weber’s ideology, human beings are depicted to fight over the values and the ideas (Hagan, 2008). As a manifestation of resistance to rationalization, human beings embraces, motivation and socialization aspects. His manifestation on conflict arises due to the fight over the struggle to survive among the status of individuals as noted by Steers (2010, pp.119-120). This depends on the legislative and the political spheres. He itemizes the fact that, the ideology of capitalism entrenches the permanence of conflict and its capability to be repeated again. This notion is in tandem with Marx, and Simmel on the perspective about the origin of conflict and crime. Individuals are conceptualized to augment on the compartmentalization of life. His perception concentrated on the traits of individuals of which they can be treated given the ethic idea. Just as Marx ontology, Weber itemizes conflict emanating from the competing interests as individuals aim to struggle for power as stipulated by Gibbs (2001, p.833). Conflicts are seen to be inevitable as; the struggle for power reflects the norms that have been set. The idea of sophistication plays a vital role in determining the nature of the conflict. This leads to criminalization that takes a pluralistic approach that focuses on the norms and status rather than a particular class as noted by (Hagan, 2008). Weber’s ideology perceives the idea that; human beings tend to give order rather than receiving orders. This is seen to contrast the ideology of Simmel.

Consequently, Simmel ontology depicts the, idealistic aspect in the non rational alignments. His perception, that human is compared to homo homini lupus is compared to the wolves in relation with each other Marx Crespi and Pierpaolo (2009, pp.51). He itemizes the social aspects of human beings such as, contempt and love. This brings the idea of group conflict whereby, the desires of individuals are expressed. His conceptualization in money matter depicts the way the inner nature of human beings may be distracted by mere observation of what goes around. He divided conflict into internal conflict s and external conflicts. His ideology conforms to the Marx theory on communism as an aspect that identifies the source of conflict in the interaction amongst human beings.

In conclusion, the idea of capitalism is manifested across the three sociologists. This is seen as one of the key aspect that leads to emergence of conflict. Various individuals would fight for power and economic status as indicated in Simmel ontology. The aspect of money interlinks with the need for power that is stipulated by Marx Crespi and Pierpaolo (2009, pp.51-53). The aspect of crime is seen as a conceptualized conflict that tends to be inherent with realities and behaviour of individuals.

References

Banton, M., 2000. «Ethnic Conflict.» Sociology 34(3), pp.481-98.

Crespi, I. and Pierpaolo, D., 2009. «Introduction.» International review of sociology, 19(1) pp. 51-53.

Gibbs, P., 2001 «The State of criminological theory.» Criminology 25(4) pp.821-840.

Hagan, E., 2008. Introduction to criminology: Theories, methods, and criminal behaviour. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Steers, D., 2010. «Interest in Conflicts Anyone?» Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations 28(2) pp. 119-120.