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4Long working duration impacts

Impacts of long working duration on workers


Effects of long working hours on employees


The purpose of the report is to investigate the effects of long working hours on the employees of Goal advertising Company. The research that has been conducted concerning this subject has found out that long working hours affects the domestic life of the employees. It has also been established that it results in different health issues, and lastly, it lowers the productivity of the employees. Hence it can be deduced that long working hours negatively affect the lives of the employees. In order to solve the problems, it is recommended that employees have flexible working conditions, have regular visits to the gyms, and finally get extra rest time per day.


Due to the reduction in work morale within the Goal advertising Company which has been operating for more than forty-eight hours a week, the Company requested for a report to determine the effects of long working hours on their employees. The company works with over 1200 employees, but their productivity and the morale at work has greatly reduced the company feeling that it might be due to long working hours. Long working hours has affected the employees’ social life, productivity and has brought to health issues (Gerstel and Clawson, 2015). The data concerning the effects has been determined through the use of different journals as well as interviews with various employees of the company. Different recommendations were expected from me, and I provided them as discussed.


Effects on the domestic life of employees

The employees’ relation with their children has been reduced, as most of the time is spend in the office leaving little time to be dedicated to the children. Children are left to grow under the care of the house helps and the parent-child relation is greatly reduced at the time of children growth. The practice causes the development of the children without a close parental monitor and care resulting in the loss of children’s dreams from the parental support (Gerstel and Clawson, 2015). Long time spends in the office also causes marriage break-up as little time is given to share differences in the house leading to silence piling up the problems of the family and finally break ups. The spouses fail to solve their differences and have no time to consult for the guidance in marriage conflict resolution resulting to frequent misunderstandings. Also, employees reach their homes tired and as a result fail to do any of the family duties creating a habit of family chores neglects among the employees. This ensures that there is disorganization of the rooms of residents since most of the works of the house are not done. It renders most of the materials within the room dormant, as they are not frequently used by the house owners (Gerstel and Clawson, 2015).

Major health issues

Most of the employees especially women are at risk of having different health issues and development of some problems health wise. The long working hours have greatly resulted to the negative health problems among the employees. This can be proved by the employees having disorder developments like the cardiovascular neuroticism and gastrointestinal (Bannai, 2014). This disorder results due to the similar sitting positions and working conditions at the office for a long period of time. Having similar sitting position also forms a habit within an individual in the office, as the muscles are forced to take a specific shape in the body posture changing the buildup and positioning of the individuals (Bannai, 2014). The individuals also develop back pains as a result of sitting in a similar position for a long time (Bannai, 2014). The vision of the employees is also affected by the emergence of the light from the screens ensures that there is the introduction of the lights rays into the eye constantly and after a long period of time provided an employee is at work. The blood flow within the body becomes non-uniform and some parts of the body especially the legs receive little blood causing the expansion in size for the legs (Bannai, 2014). The medical complications among the employees also result in the increase in the operation cost as the company uses more capital to treat the employees in case the medical cover is provided by the industry.

Productivity of the workers

The productivity of the employees of any organization has been found to have inverse proportional relation with the number of working hours as well as the days at work. It is determined that the employees’ rate of work with the productive outcome is high on the first day of work and reduces with the increase in stay at work (Burke and Fiksenbaum, 2016). This is attributed to the loss of morale on work with the increase in monotony at work. It is also clear that on a single day at work, the employees’ rate of work and productivity will increase with the increase in time up to the certain point where the productivity remains constant. Continuous operation for more hours will see the work rate of the employees reduce slowly, and irrespective of more duration at work the production will be reducing (Burke and Fiksenbaum, 2016). The behavior of the employees’ productivity against time and days at work is shown in figure 1 below. The reduction in work is accounted to be as a result of fatigue, loss of concentration and muscle exhaustion on using the machines. The reduction in the productivity can also be attributed to a reduction in consultations, as many workers will view consultation as a measure of disturbances to the consultants. Overutilization of the applications becomes too much addictive and sometimes the employees may think they are applying the same principles of operations at work only to realize that they were ignoring some important parts of the operation software (Burke and Fiksenbaum, 2016). The brain also becomes exhausted with time and its operation is greatly reduced with the fatigue development.

Graph of productivity vs. Time


Source: Burke and Fiksenbaum, 2016

Where: ø is the maximum operation time (Optimum productivity)

Fraction of total working time increases from 0-1


It is clear from the report that long working hours have negative effects on the employees as well as to the organizations. From the findings, it shows that more hours at work lower the productivity of the employees, negatively affect the health of the employees, and finally affect the domestic life of the office workers. The company may have been assuming that prolonging the working hours and providing more pay was resulting in more profit, but in contrary, the additional time was not fully utilized and the rate of profit making over time was fully reduced due to a reduction in productivity and payment of additional medical cover due to health issues. Long working hours is an enemy to the organization and should be discouraged at any stage of the organization development.


  • Firstly, the company should make flexible working conditions to the employees to ensure that the employees work with the conditions which are favorable for their health. The flexible working conditions include rotational sitting desks for the employees and providing room for changing and swapping of the employees to encourage movement and change in the ideas.

  • Secondly, the company to offer free gym cards to the workers to ensure that they receive exercise after work to facilitate uniform blood flow in the body. The gym cards should entails services like massage which will ensure back pains are reduced. The gym cards provided should be followed up to ensure that each person receives the best treatment at the gym as well as attend the gyms regularly.

  • Thirdly, the company should offer the employees extra rest time per day. This will encourage an increase in the productivity, as most of the employees will try to meet their targets in a short time to get more rest time. The employees will also get time to take care of their domestic matters.

References list

Bannai, A., 2014. The association between long working hours and health: a systematic review of epidemiological evidence. Scandinavian journal of work, environment, & health, 40(1), p.5.

Burke, R.J. and Fiksenbaum, L., 2016. Work hours, work intensity, and work addiction: Risks and rewards. New Directions in Organizational Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, p.79.

Gerstel, N. and Clawson, D., 2015. Inequality in Work Time: Gender and Class Stratify Hours and Schedules, Flexibility, and Unpredictability in Jobs and Families. Sociology Compass, 9(12), pp.1094-1105.