THE NECESSITY OF HIGH SPEED NETWORKING ON THE ADVENT OF CLOUD COMPUTING
Cloud computing is the computer-based utility designed such that one can access his systems through an internet browser. The data is stored among the vast data centers and one can access data remotely when connected to the internet. Hence, any resource (software or information) shared beyond one’s firewall and hosted in a virtual server can be said to be in cloud. The concept evolved in three phases. In the beginning, data was stored in the desktops, then it was stored in the local servers with utility software which could be accessed via the net and finally came the cloud computing which is projected to gain popularity in the next five years. Cloud connectivity necessitates high speed networking which has a better quality service, high reception and less dropping of data. Cloud computing requires high speed networks which are of enables efficient sharing of multimedia at lower cost and high usability which means you can access the data anywhere anytime using any media (Effelsberg, 1996). High speed networking has evolved from the first generation up to the fourth generation (4G) with the ambition of achieving a data speed of 100Mbps when the user is physically moving at relatively higher speeds and 1Gbps when stationary.
There has been a huge criticism on the investment on the high speed networking technologies concerning its return on investment Vis a Vis its competitiveness in the telecommunication sector whereby it is argued that it is a technology side-show by the governments (Raichura, 2009). However, high speed networking has proved to be very useful in changing the manner in which things are done across the board with the advent of cloud computing. The rationale behind this is that individuals, businesses and governments are producing an accelerating quantity of data, for instance, Australia alone produces 1.8 zettabytes annually. This large amounts of data needs to be processed and managed as it proves to be of great importance to the financial and business sector whereby it will be used for purposes of research, insights, analysis, reporting and running the business (Cunningham & Wilkins, 2009). Cloud computing offers avenue of processing this data using external resources and IT systems which are cloud-based in an effective and fast manner. This has necessitated strong bandwidths with good gigabit data sets which will offer fast multi-media downloads although its economic advantages will be realized if the uptake of the 4G increases (Sterbenz et al., 2001).
Currently the digital economy is limited by speed. Cloud computing will reduce the distance such that the organization’s remote branches will have the same speed of internet as its headquarters which will unquestionably improve performance. By allowing data to be located in the headquarters and backed up in the cloud in the real time which will allow the workers globally to work directly on the data without waiting for transfers, it will be as though the workers are all working next to the server (Knorr & Gruman, 2012). If the governments institute nationwide fiber networks, it will allow the businesses which were normally not able to access the private fibers to access the cloud. High speed networking promises unrestricted access to superb applications at minimized/no infrastructural costs enhancing the fast growth of cloud computing (Effelsberg, 1996). The delivery of fiber to the homes means that remote areas become viable to businesses and hence, populations will decentralize.
However, there has been issues relating cloud computing besides that of high speed networking having questionable return on investment issues. Cloud computing means that data control is off the leash of the company and is given to a third party which is actually a compliance deal and brings to an end to the confidential records management. It gives a dilemma of sharing confidential information to the third party and since the system is internet-based, it means that it depends on the infrastructure of the vendor such that when the internet has a down-time, business comes to a halt (Nelson, 2009). Whenever the company will be dissatisfied by the services of a cloud vendor, the information transfer will necessitate reformatting which actually reduces functionality and can lead to data loss.
In conclusion, it is evident that cloud computing is becoming a necessity to the today’s businesses and it is apparent that it needs high-speed networking to accomplish this. It is apparent that the combination brings tremendous benefits such as fast processing, time-saving features which allow firms to work remotely at the same speed at the headquarters and the fact that this will make businesses in the remote areas viable. It is also evident that both high speed networking has the shortcoming in terms of returns on investment while cloud computing faces privacy issues and business loss during internet down-time. Therefore, it is recommended that the future governments provide fiber-to-homes and subsidize on the 4G networking by facilitating its spread. The vendors should invest on research and development to create cloud hosting which meet all customer demands at reduced cost and no down-time. Cloud computing and high speed networking should be advertised globally to increase its uptake.
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