The Nature Deficit Child (In Australia) Essay Example

  • Category:
    Education
  • Document type:
    Essay
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    1
  • Words:
    653

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Supervisor:

Introduction

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral problem that has high prevalence in the children aged between 6 and 11 years (Wells, 2000). The estimated prevalence of ADHD is 7%. It has been found that if untreated the ADHD progresses to adulthood and may affect the academic performance and relationships with the peers of the affected people. The children affected by ADHD normally experience difficulties when it comes to concentration on tasks in classroom and other areas where attention is important, this reduces their performance (Faber & Kuo, 2009). The attention deficit results to the children being prone to outburst and in some occasions they become aggressive. This paper discusses ADHD in relation to naturism.

Treatments of ADHD

There are therapies that are used to reduce the symptoms of ADHD. This therapies include medical treatments in which drugs are prescribed to the children and therapies related to behaviour change. The therapies have been found not to completely work for the children and in many occasions the reported responses have been limited (Faber, Kuo & Sullivan, 2001). In order to supplement the impacts of the traditional therapies on the ADHD, there have been concerted efforts to find out other measures that can be taken to reduce the symptoms of ADHD. One of the key areas of concentration has been the nature. The exposure to natural green environmental setting has been found to reduce the inattention and the impulsivity associated with ADHD. According to Wells (2000) the environment engages the mind effortlessly and has the restorative effect which consequently revitalises the brain.

According to Faber and Kuo (2009) the exposure to nature has a positive effect of reducing the ADHD symptoms. In a study to examine how nature affects the children with ADHD, a research involving children aged between 7 and 12 years and who had been diagnosed with ADHD were studied in different nature exposures. The parents of the children were to monitor and record the symptoms in relation to the greenness of the places of play and performance of activities of different activities after exposure to such surroundings. The results of the study showed that the severity of the symptoms had greatly improved after being engaged in activities in green settings. The children also recorded improved performance of activities in green setting compared to activities indoor. According to Kuo and Faber (2004) allowing the children to spend time in places with trees and general natural greenery helps in supplementing the treatments of the ADHD. In a controlled walking experiment conducted by Kuo and Faber (2004), it was found that the performance of the children after the walk on the green settings was improved. From the researches it is evident that nature plays a role in reducing the symptoms of ADHD, therefore having trees and natures green in schools and homesteads can in reducing the ADHD symptoms.

Conclusion

The children with ADHD experience difficulties in paying attention and usually experience impulsivity. Even though there are therapies that have been used for a long time to treat the ADHD, there is need for other therapies to supplement the treatment. The relation of ADHD with the naturism is an indication of how nature can be used to reduce the symptoms. Studies relating to the green nature have shown that exposure to activities in green areas reduces the symptoms of ADHD.

References

Faber, T. A. & Kuo, F. (2009). Children with attention deficits concentrate better after walk in the park. Journal of Attention Disorders Faber, T. A., Kuo, F. & Sullivan, W. (2001). Coping with ADD: The surprising connection to green play settings.
, 12(4).Environment and Behavior 33 (l): 54-77.

Kuo, F. & Faber. T. A. (2004). A potential natural treatment for Attention- Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Evidence from a national study. American Journal of Public Health Wells, N.M. (2000). Effects of greenness on children cognitive functioning.
, 94(9), 1580-1586.Environmental Behaviour, 32 (1), pp.775-795.