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The National Party is a minor party but it plays this role in a different way to other minor parties in Australian Parliaments. What does the National Party stand for and what role does it play in Australian Politics? Essay Example

  • Category:
    Performing Arts
  • Document type:
    Essay
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    2
  • Words:
    943

The Australian National party began in 1913 from various state based parties such as the Farmers and Settlers Party and the Victorian Farmers Union (VFU) of New South Wales. Originally it was a Country party however it later adopted the title National Country party in 1975.Later on the name was changed in 1982 to its present title. Since the 1940s, the party has operated as a minor party within the traditional coalition. The National party has played a variety of roles in Australian politics as a junior coalition partner. Some of the roles include;

Coalition Leadership Role

The national party has usually taken up the position of deputy prime minister within the coalition framework. For instance, in the liberal’s party longest serving years in government between 1955 and 1982, the National party took up the role of deputy prime minister, with a lower House popularity on its own right. In addition in regions such as Western Australia the party governed in a coalition with the liberals between the years 1993 to 2001.The Nationals also took the position of deputy prime minister, while the liberal’s Richard Court’s took the prime minister position.

Acting as the opposition party

The National party has over Australian history acted as the opposition party in the political arena. Green (2008) highlights that in the many coalitions formed, after splitting, the nationals wide up to be the opposition with little interest in any sort of mergers in the future. For instance, in the context of the 1993-2001 coalition with the liberals in Western Australia, the relationship between the partners was frosty. The agreement lapsed with the national party in opposition.

Another example is in the context of the North South Wales which has existed since 1927, here it has always been clearly started that the liberal party is the senior party while the National party is the junior party. This has resulted to periodic conflicts within the coalition making the National party to be perceived more as an opposition entity.

Ownership of a Larger Membership base

The National party holds a superior membership base than the labor party or the liberal party. For instance the 2004 Federal elections was the first time the Nationals received less first preference votes than as opposed to the Australian Greens. Also is regions such as the Western and Southern Australia, the National party is clearly differentiable from the Liberal party, for instance in 2005 the part won a dominant liberal seat in Western Australia.

.Barnaby JoyceAlso in the Victorian state elections of 2006, the party obtained an extra seat in the lower house, this was attributed to the growing popularity of the party’s image and personalities within the party like

Policy development

The party has developed many policy initiatives as a coalition partner that seeks to build a foundation of progress for Australia. According to Davey (2000) the party has been responsible for many Landmark initiatives namely; the Reserve Bank, hospital and medical benefit schemes, commonwealth funds for no-governmental schools, abolition of federal death and gift duties, National Land and Water Resources Audit, and the natural heritage trust among many others.

The party also supports the adoption and development of well established population policy in the context of continuous emigration and immigration programs firmly based on the highest interest of Australia’s economic and social needs.

Presentation Points

History of the Party

  • The Australian National party began in 1913 from various state based parties such as the Farmers and Settlers Party and the Victorian Farmers Union (VFU) of New South Wales.

  • Originally it was a Country party however it later adopted the title National Country party in 1975.

  • Later on the name was changed in 1982 to its present title.

Roles as a junior party member

1. Coalition Leadership Role

  • The national party has usually taken up the position of deputy prime minister within the coalition framework.

  • For instance, in the liberal’s party longest serving years in government between 1955 and 1982, the National party took up the role of deputy prime minister, with a lower House popularity on its own right

2. Acting as the opposition party

  • When coalitions are formed and later they split, the National party becomes the opposition party

  • For instance, in the context of the 1993-2001 coalition with the liberals in Western Australia, the relationship between the partners was frosty. The agreement lapsed with the national party in opposition.

Ownership of a Larger Membership base

  • The National party holds a superior membership base than the labor party or the liberal party.

  • For instance the 2004 Federal elections was the first time the Nationals received less first preference votes than as opposed to the Australian Greens.

  • Also is regions such as the Western and Southern Australia, the National party is clearly differentiable from the Liberal party, for instance in 2005 the part won a dominant liberal seat in Western Australia

Policy development

  • The party has developed many policy initiatives as a coalition partner that seeks to build a foundation of progress for Australia.

  • The party has been responsible for many Landmark initiatives namely; the Reserve Bank, hospital and medical benefit schemes

References

Acker, V, 1999, Different Voices: gender and politics in Australia, Palgrave Macmillan Australia

Davey, P, 2000, National Party of Australia , Canprint ACT .

Retrieved<http://nationals.org.au/AboutTheNationals/WhatWeStandFor.aspxuthorized

Davey, P, 2006, The Nationals: The Progressive, Country and National Party in New South Wales 1919-2006, The Federation Press, Sydney.

Jupp, J, 2001, Australian People: an encyclopedia of the nation, its people and their origins, Cambridge University Press.

Retrieved<http://www.suite101.com/content/history-of-the-nsw-nationals-a196332

Green, Antony, 2008, The Liberal-National Party — a new model party, ABC elections analyst

Richard, L, 1993, The Australian form of government: models in dispute, Macmillan