The harm of flood Essay Example

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EFFECTS OF FLOODS 5

THE HARM OF FLOODS

THE HARM OF FLOODS

May 2, 2011

Introduction

Individuals who live in flood-prone areas may encounter with destroyed roads and bridges, irrigation channels full of sludge, damaged yields, obstructed businesses as well as human distress. The destructive effects of floods, like damage to infrastructure together with environment and instability of monetary as well as societal activities, are so common and aggravating in many areas and even in some part of Australia like Wales to an extent that flood supervision has been set as one of the main concerns in most water reserve management strategies in the area (Nikula, 2008). Conventionally floods have been managed with comparatively uncomplicated, strong wide, structural solutions. This aim of this discussion is investigate the perception on flood, which comprises the economic, social as well as environmental scope of the river basin’s environment and community. The most common harms of floods are destroyed roads and bridges, irrigation channels full of sludge, damaged yields, obstructed businesses as well as human distress. Floods also cause water pollution and the environment in general.

The harm of flood

From the article, we learn that floods create massive destruction especially in lower basins. First, strong deluge seasons have resulted to loss of lives for both human beings and animals. In NSW on April, there were heavy rains that led to death of several people. On a certain incident, the police found a body of a dead woman in deluge waters in the flood-hit central west. Some other people obtained major injuries. There was a reported incident of one person who was hit by lightning, while others were injured when their vehicles were swept by deluge. People also suffer psychologically when they are forced to leave their homes and relocate to unfamiliar places. People who attend to the victims also suffer emotionally due to fatigue and overworking (Nursing Standard 2 December, 2009).

Another effect of floods is the reduction of agricultural production. According to the newspaper, heavy precipitation during the time of harvest greatly reduced the quality of the yield in Queensland and NSW. We further note that heavy rainfall causes drastic reduction of food quantities that are produced. This is because the floods cause water-logging in firms and crops lack enough warmth to thrive. Crops like wheat are greatly affected by water logging and thus yield reduce significantly (The Canberra Times, 4 April, 2011).

Another harm that results from deluge is the destruction of properties such as vehicles and houses. According to the newspaper, the heavy rains sweep even vehicles and demolish buildings. Heavy rainfalls are accompanied by lightnings which cause great destructions to both properties and human beings. Many vehicles are normally swept and wrecked due to the force of the floodwaters. There are incidents where the water enters into the house and destroy the household goods like furniture and utensils (The Canberra Times, 4 April, 2011).

Finally, floods have great harm on the environment. There are many incidents where trees are uprooted by water, which further cause damage. The storms have high potential of breaking tree branches. There is also much contamination of water due to massive soil erosion. Heavy rains add to the plight of flooded mines, rivers ragging over closed highways, loss of crops as well as danger for people (The Canberra Times, 4 April, 2011).

Conclusion

In conclusion, floods have great harm to the people and their livestock. Deluge also greatly destroys and reduces crop yields in farming regions. Heavy precipitation also causes the loss of property such as buildings, and vehicles. Furthermore, the floods are of great destruction to the environment and the social order of people. The immediate solution to such problems would be to deploy many rescue teams and also relocating people early enough before any destruction takes place. People should also take heed to weather forecast warnings as in most cases they turn true. For long term solutions, the government should construct large canals to control the waters and also improve the drainage systems of such areas to mitigate huge destructions (Environment Agency, 2009).

References:

Environment Agency (2009). Flooding in Wales: A national assessment of flood risk. Environment Agency Wales Cambria House 29, Newport Road Cardiff. Retrieved May 2, 2011 from http://www.environmentagency.gov.uk/static/documents/Research/ENV0005_Flooding_in_Wales_ENGLISH_AW_LR%281%29.pdf

Gray S. (2011). Worst is yet to come as flooding wreaks havoc across the country. The Canberra Times, NSW.

Houston B. (2011). Record crop predictions now obsolete as rain settles in. The Canberra Times, NSW.

Nikula J. (2008). Is harm and destruction all that floods bring? Water & Development Publications, Helsinki University of Technology. Retrieved May 2, 2011 from http://www.water.tkk.fi/English/wr/research/global/myth/03_Nikula_Myths-of-Mekong.pdf

Nursing Standard (2009). Crisis response goes to plan as staff alleviates effects of flooding. Vol. 24 NO. 13, RCN Publishing CO.