The family in europe: essay plan (editing or rewriting) Example

Changes in the Family Structure in Europe: Spain

Essay Plan

  1. Topic: Changes in the family structure in Europe: Spain

The general issue that the essay will be addressing is the changes that have occurred in the family structure in Europe. On an overview, the general areas of change could be similar in some of the European countries. However, each country has had specific changes on the structure of the family. Changes in the structure of the family can be looked at in from two perspectives; from demographic indicators and the structural view.1 Demographic indicators include the fertility rates, the aging population, the location of the family (Urban or rural), whether it is a working family and the social status of the family. In addition, family structure has changed in different fronts; family formation, married and un-married partnerships and lone-parent families among others. Economic, political and cultural factors have influenced the changes that have occurred in the family structure in Europe. This serves to indicate that, to come up with a thorough analysis in this issue, the essay should be specific and focus on a particular area.

The essay will seek to answer the question: “what changes have taken place in the family structure of a working-class family in Spain and what are the political implications of such changes in terms of policy?”

  1. Family Structure: Working Class

Thus this essay will focus on Spain and will seek to investigate the changes that have occurred in the family structure of a working class family. Spain is largely catholic and both the society and state expect religion to play a role in protecting the family structure. In 2006, Pope Benedict is quoted to appeal to the government to form family policies that will protect the family institution.2 It is evident that the family roles of women have changed and women as well as men work and the number of dual-earner families have increased. Thus I will be seeking to investigate the implications of such changes to the family and especially childcare. I will delve into the issues of parental and domestic responsibilities in these families to see what and how much has changed. The essay will also investigate whether there have been changes in the size of the family because of the working nature of the family.

  1. Political Implications: Family Policy

The essay will focus on the political implications in the change in family structure; the policies that have been put in place to support the changes and the challenges that have been therein policy formation and implementation. Such issues include policies on gender equality and child care among others. There are risks that come to individuals, state and the society as a result to the changes that have been occurring in the family structure.3 The role of the state is central to changes in the family structure. The family policy should be able to address the issues of employment, mother’s life, paternal responsibility, wellbeing of the child and relations within the family among others.

The paper will concentrate on the changes that have occurred in modern times – 20th century to current times.

  1. Approach

I plan to breakdown the essay into parts so that I will be able to exhaustively investigate every aspect of the essay. The first area will be the introduction. In this part, I will start with the definition of family in the European context and briefly speak about the general frame of family in Europe. Secondly, I will give a background to the topic. Here, I will discuss some general changes that have taken place in Europe, specifically on the issue of family policy. In addition, I will speak briefly on the general structure of Family in Spain.

The second major area will be to look at the changes that have taken place in the family structure from the 20th century to contemporary times. This is the huge part of the essay and I will focus on the working class families and the changes that have taken place in them. Chiefly, I will discuss issues relating to family policies that have been there and the gaps in policy that are evident which point to a need in policy change and improvement. Gaps in this case mean risk areas to individuals, the state and to the society. I will also discuss the implications of these changes and what needs to been done to reconcile work and the family.

The last part of the essay will be the recommendations and conclusion part where I will give recommendations, mostly on policy and welfare interventions that need to be taken to protect the family. The conclusion will sum-up major areas of the essay.

  1. Significance

This paper will seek to show the significance of the change of family structure for the state and the society. It also aims at elaborating the need for contemporary policy for the family in regards to the changes in the family structure and the risks that come with it.

Annotated Bibliography

Abrahamson, Peter, and Cecilie Wehner. 2006. «Family and/or Work in Europe?.» Journal Of Comparative Family Studies 37, no. 2: 153-171

In this interesting analysis, the author looks at the family in three European countries and how it reconciles with work. He looks at working time patterns, structure of childcare, division of work in the family and parental leave schemes among others. They argue that changes in these things calls for welfare policy initiatives and a change in family values.

Daly, Mary. 2005. «Changing family life in Europe: Significance for state and society.» European Societies 7, no. 3: 379-398.

In this article, Mary intends to elaborate the nature of changes in the family structure in European societies and to examine the contemporary policy on the family in regards to the changes. It lights up the risks that come with changes in the family, that is, for individuals, state and the society.

Daly, Mary. 1998. «Families and Family Policy in Europe/Single Mothers in an International Context: Mothers or Workers? (Book).» Acta Sociologica (Taylor & Francis Ltd) 41, no. 1: 87-91.

In this analysis, the author looks at the controversial issue of women being mothers or workers and the policies that are there in regards to this issue. The main issue is the family policy in relations to changes in the roles of women in the family.

González, Maria Jesús González. 2010. «The changing structure of households and families, and its impact on health in Spain.» Finisterra: Revista Portuguesa De Geografia 45, no. 89: 9-25.

In this paper, the author looks at the changes that have affected the family institution in Spain and the health implications of these changes especially single mothers and elderly people living alone.

Križ, Katrin, and Olga Salido. 2008. «Recent Family Policy Developments in Germany and Spain: Toward Gender Equality in Earning and Caring?.» Conference Papers — American Sociological Association 1. SocINDEX with Full Text, EBSCOhost

This article looks at the impact of recent changes in family policies on promotion of equality of women to work and care for children. They address the social, political and social factors that have necessitated the policy changes in both Germany and Spain.

Grace. Guardianship, Gender, and the Nobility in Early Modern Spain. Burlington: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2011.

Coolidge provides a look at the role of women as important members of the early modern Spanish family. This carefully authored book is a professional view of the way the role women in the family and wider society has changed.

Oliva, Alfredo, et al. «Family Structure and Child Adjustment in Spain.» Journal Of Child & Family Studies 23, no. 1 (January 2014): 10-19

This paper give the results from a study on how family structures impact on child adjustments. The study considered six family structures; same sex parent, multiple-birth, stepfamilies, single, traditional, and adoptive families.

Landale, Nancy and Salvador Oropesa. “Hispanic Families: Stability and Change.” Annual Review of Sociology 33 (2007): 381-405.

The authors provide a view of the context of social change within Hispanic families. The well-documented article is invaluable to our study of the family structure in Spain because it relates to what constitutes stability and the changes that have taken place on the families.

John Logan, ‘Affluence, Class Structure, and working-Class consciousness in modern Spain, American Journal of Sociology, 83, no. 2 (1977), pp. 386-402

In this article, the authors look at the working-class consciousness in Spain. He argues that there is a growing proportion of affluent workers and which is considered a source class consciousness.

Constanza Tobío and Juan Antonio Fernández Cordón, ‘Family networksin Andalusia, Spain’, International Review of Sociology: Revue Internationale de Sociologie, (2013) 23:1, 68-84.

In this paper, the authors argue that family networks play an important role in providing care. Therefore, they play an important role in the change to dual-earner model of family structure where the mother is involved in paid work. The article concentrates on Andalusia area in Spain.

1Marie-Therese Letablier and Sophie Pennec, ‘Changing family structure in Europe: New challenges for public policy’, Cross-National Research Papers (6th series) European Research Centre. Great Britain.

2 Maria Sanminiatelli — Associated Press, Writer. 2006. «Pope Appeals for Protection of Family.» AP OnlineNewspaper Source Plus, EBSCOhost.

3 Daly, Mary. 2005. «Changing family life in Europe: Significance for state and society.» European Societies 7, no. 3: 379-398