TERRORISM AS A THREAT TO GLOBAL SECURITY 1

Terrorism as a Threat to Global Security

Terrorism poses the greatest security threat to global security

Introduction

Today, terrorism has become the most significant threat to global security owing to the rising cases of terror activities in various parts of the world. No one is safe from the negative effects of terror and the innocent civilians who have suffered from the actions of terrorists are testimony to this fact. The world in recent times has witnessed tremendous loss of life and property, which can be ascribed to terror. Terrorism can be defined as the use of violence or the threat of the use of violence aimed at achieving political, ideological or religious objectives (Aly, 2011). The objective of terrorism is to instill fear or intimidate. In this respect, it is a violation of global criminal laws, which is designed to coerce governments, the people, and other authorities to further social or political goals. Considering recent cases of terror in the world, terrorism can be said to pose the greatest security threat to global security and stringent measures should be instituted to mitigate the situation if safety and peace is to be restored in the world.

Recent Terror Activities

The mention of terror immediately brings to mind the September 11th attack of the United States in 2001. In as much as this event shook the world, Coaffee & Wood (2006) observe that it also showed that no nation in the world is safe from terror attacks. Terrorism has not relented since this time as terror activities have continued to shake the global security efforts. The attack on France this year on 14th of July left 84 people killed and hundreds others injured after a terrorist drove a truck into a crowd of civilians amidst a celebration of France’s Bastille Day.

Early this year in Brussels, terrorism rocked calm and threatened security when the airport experienced a suicide bombing and another suicide bombing targeted the Brussels Metro killing 35 people and wounding more than 300 people.

January of this year saw an attack by the terrorist group Boko Haram in Nigeria. The attack aws carried out by extremists who set fire on civilian houses and killed an estimated 65 people with some being burnt alive. These are just some of the most recent cases of terror activities and the list is ongoing as terror sweeps the world.

Global security and terror

Terrorism does not discriminate on the people threatened. It is indiscriminate and affects multitude of innocents, which means that no one is safe. According to Rogers (2002), from shopping malls to places of worship, no one is safe anywhere since a terrorist can strike any time.

Buzan (2006) notes that the efforts by various governments around the world to mitigate the actions of terrorism points to the level of security threat posed by the phenomenon meaning that everyone is concerned about the dwindling levels of safety. Every country in recent times has tightened its security regimen in response to the terror attacks witnessed by the world. Airport security, immigration laws, free movement, border security, and religious activities have all been revised in efforts to minimize the security threat that comes with terrorism (Beck, 2002).

Terror affects every aspect of world development and progress. Lack of security has major implications of global economy, which means that the very base of security is affected. The economy is what drives progress in the world and terrorism has made it hard for this progress to be positively developed. Countries are tentative in opening their borders for visitors due to security issues associated with terrorism (Bush, 2002).

Conclusion

Terrorism has significant implications on global security as it threatens everyone’s safety. The world is yet to deal with terrorism effectively and efforts directed at minimizing this security risk are still not sufficient. In light of recent attacks on various countries in the world, a lot still needs to be done if peace, stability, and safety are to be restored in the world.

Annotations

Bush, G. W. (2002). The national security strategy of the United States of America. Executive Office of the President Washington Dc.

The article focuses on strategies instituted by the United States and efforts aimed at tightening security in light of continued terrorist attacks in the world. The author evaluates the threat that terrorism poses to the United States and the world and evaluates measures in place that are aimed at improving security from tightening border control to revising immigration laws. The articles is relevant to the research since it provides a detailed evaluation of terror activities and the implications they have on the state of security in the United Sates and the world.

Buzan, B. (2006). Will the ‘global war on terrorism’be the new Cold War?.International affairs, 82(6), 1101-1118.

This articles looks at the implications of terrorism on global security and the way terror activities impact on international relationships. The author considers security as a fundamental aspect in global relations and notes that terrorism and associated activities creates mistrust among states. In this way, terrorism has become the central focus of global security efforts. The rising cases of terror attacks is noted to frustrate efforts to deal with global security successfully thus pitting nations against each other. The relevance of the article is in its focus on the implications of terrorism on global security.

References

Aly, A. (2011). Terrorism and Global Security: Historical and contemporary perspectives.

Beck, U. (2002). The terrorist threat world risk society revisited. Theory, culture & society19(4), 39-55.

Bush, G. W. (2002). The national security strategy of the United States of America. Executive Office of the President Washington Dc.

Buzan, B. (2006). Will the ‘global war on terrorism’be the new Cold War?.International affairs82(6), 1101-1118.

Coaffee, J., & Wood, D. M. (2006). Security is coming home: Rethinking scale and constructing resilience in the global urban response to terrorist risk. International Relations20(4), 503-517.

Rogers, P. (2002). Losing control: global security in the twenty-first century. London: Pluto.