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SUMMARISE IN YOUR OWN WORDS A PRESCRIBED READING AND PROVIDE YOUR OWN REASONED COMMENTS ON THE READING. IDEALLY THE SUMMARY PART CAPTURES THE FULL ESSENCE OF THE READING IN APPROXIMATELY 300 WORDS, AND THE REASON COMMENTS PART ACCOMPLISHED IN APPRXIMATELY Essay Example

  • Category:
    Philosophy
  • Document type:
    Math Problem
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    1
  • Words:
    494

Meditation philosophy

Lecturer

Meditations on First philosophy

This Meditation reflects on many falsehoods of the body of information built up from these faults by the writer. He has determined to clear all he thinks he knows and to begin from the basics, building up his knowledge once more on certain grounds. He has seated himself alone, by the fire, liberated of all worries so that he can destroy his former opinions with care. He reasons that he requires only to find some basis to doubt his present opinions in order to quicken him to seek sturdier practicalities for his knowledge. Rather than distrust every one of his opinions independently, he reasons that he might cast them all into doubt if he can doubt the foundations and basic main beliefs upon which his opinions are founded.

All that he has accepted as true he has come to find out from his senses. He acknowledges that senses sometimes deceive, but only with respect to stuff that are very small, and that our sensory knowledge on the entire are quite sturdy. He acknowledges that insane people might be more deceived, but that he is evidently not one of them and need not worry himself about that. However, he realizes that he is often influenced when he is dreaming that he is sensing real objects. Although his present feelings may be dream images, he suggests that even trance images are drawn from waking experience. While we can doubt studies based on compound things, like medicine, astronomy, or physics, he concludes that we cannot doubt studies based on simple things, like geometry and arithmetic.

One might row that God is supremely first-class and would not lead him to deem falsely all these things. If we presume there is no God, then there is even greater probability of being deceived, since our imperfect senses would not have been created by a perfect being. He resolves to pretend that these opinions are totally imaginary and false in order to counter-balance his usual way of accepted wisdom. He supposes a demon has dedicated itself to deceiving him so that everything he thinks he knows is bogus.

Academic comment

In life we should not only accept things the way they are since different people view things in different ways and sometimes senses deceive us. In life, arithmetic, geometry and other disciplines of the same kind are certain since one plus one will never change, it is always two. After all his doubts, Descartes believe that he is nothing as long as he thinks he is something, which means as human beings we are something. After weighting all his considerations sufficiently, he finally decides that I am, I exist. In view of the meditations, an idea is alleged clear if it is apparent and current to a mind that is attentive and definite if it is professed as so exact and different from all other objects containing nothing that is not clearly perceived.