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Decision Making Approach during an Emergency
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Decision making during an emergency is a critical component of responding to any emergency. An emergency requires effective and timely decisions to mitigate or reduce the risks that are likely to occur (Ambrus, Greiner and Pathak, 2009). Therefore, it is important for the individual engaged in emergency response to understand the situation and come up with effective decision approach. The two decision approaches include individual and group and different organizations use different approaches best in the situations. However, during an emergency, it is important to use group decision making approach than the individual.
It is always said that two heads are better than one, which also applies during decision making during an emergency. Group decision making is effective because it involves the experience and perspectives of a large number of people (Ambrus, Greiner and Pathak, 2009). Different people may have different ideas based on their skills and experience. As a result, group decision making is comprehensive and rational. Group of individuals are likely to be more creative than a single individual and they are able to make effective and timely decision in a complex situations (Dunn, Lewandowsky and Kirsner, 2002). In addition, it is easier to implement decisions made by a group of people than that made by an individual due to limited conflict of interests. Therefore, it is possible for group decision making to achieve the results beyond what can be achieved by an individual.
Another advantage of group decision making during an emergency is that individuals acting together are more likely to make extreme and daring decisions that an individual cannot make (Ambrus, Greiner and Pathak, 2009). Many emergency situations need extreme and daring decisions to solve, which can only be achieved by combining thoughts and experiences of many people working together. In addition, group decision making also enhances the understanding and knowledge of people towards the situation at hand. It ensures that there is a collective understanding of the emergency, which ensures that everyone is effectively playing his or her role to arrest the situation.
Besides, people are more willing to commit when working as a group, as they develop the sense of pride and accomplishment for being vital part of the group (Yüksel, 2012). Besides, individuals will be motivated to find effectively and timely solution to the problem because they will have platform to showcase their ideas and skills. In addition, it encourages the participation people who have useful knowledge required to mitigate the risks of an emergency, but are hesitant to interact with other people. Lack of individual burden in case of failure also motivates people to come up with suggestions and solutions that can help during an emergency.
In conclusion, even though group decision making approach is more efficient during an emergency, it also has some drawbacks that should be considered during implementation. In most cases, group decision making approach can be time consuming because it involves several people. At the same time, individuals are more likely to compromise when working as group. Therefore, it is important to consider time and the quality of decision when using group decision approach in the times of an emergency.
Ambrus, A., Greiner, B. and Pathak, P., 2009. Group versus individual decision-making: Is there a shift. Institute for Advanced Study, School of Social Science Economics Working Paper, 91.
Dunn, J.C., Lewandowsky, S. and Kirsner, K., 2002. Dynamics of communication in emergency management. Applied cognitive psychology, 16(6), pp.719-737.
Yüksel, I., 2012. An integrated approach with group decision-making for strategy selection in SWOT Analysis. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 2(11), p.134.