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Section A

Agriculture did not automatically result in the creation of urban centres despite being practices in various cities. Some reasons can be associated with the failure of agricultural activities to result in the creation of cities. First, urbanisation has been linked to numerous disadvantages to agricultural activities. For instance, land that can be used for farming can be lost due to the expansion of urban centres hence many farmers did not like the creation of cities. Therefore, the land that could be used for farming could be used in the process of expanding the urban centres. Besides, most of the workers in the farms lived in their homes; hence, the farming activities could not result in the creation of towns. Second, the agricultural activities discouraged rural to urban migrations as people were involved in the farming activities. Most of the people got employed in the countryside on the farms where they could stay in their homes as they work in the farms (Anderson, 2008). The reduction of the rural-urban migrations resulted in the reduction of the people moving to towns to search for employment. Employment has been considered as one of the main reasons why people migrate to the urban areas creating congestion. Therefore, agricultural activities created work hence reducing the number of the people moving to the cities. The farming activities led even to decongestion in the cities as those who were not employed in the towns could move to the countryside to search for employment in the farms.

Section C

Reasons for including British Museum London in the world heritage list.

The British Museum is among the best archaeological sites where many visitors around the world have been visiting the museum. The ability of the museum to meet the needs of many visitors due to the many items found in the museum makes British museum important to be included in the world heritage list. British Museum in London has been among the most prestigious and famous heritage sites. It has many artefacts accounting to around eight million objects. The British Museum has various artefacts dating back many years ago (Esdaile, 1946). The availability of different artefacts in the museum has made many visitors visit the museum. For instance, in the year 2015, approximately six million visitors came to see the artefacts in the British museum. The inclusions of many items in the museum have made British Museum among the top best museums globally as travel experts were rating the best sights in the world.

The British Museum has been offering beautiful artefacts making the museum very popular among tourists globally. The collections of the artefacts in the museum feature stunning relics of the Middle East and Oceania, treasures spanning Africa and ancient civilisations. The artefacts found in the museum can be dated over 2 million years ago entailing abundant history and culture. Besides, the collections of the museum include items concerning the Sir Stamford personal collection like scabbard that dates early 19th century (Esdaile, 1946). Visitors coming to British museum can be in a position to enjoy the fantastical creatures associated with the ancient world. The museum has been a hub of fun for many families due to the treasures of the various cultures of the world of adornments, materials, and animals.

Therefore, British Museum needs to be included in the world heritage list because of the various collections of the artefacts that are found in the museum. The British Museum is a museum of antiquities and cultural art objects making it a universal museum. Also, British Museum has been a new type museum that belongs to neither the king nor church as it is open for collecting everything. The inclusion of Harley manuscripts led to the introduction of the antiquarian and literary element making British Museum national library and museum. British Museum preserves the universality of its artefacts collection that do represent various culture globally both modern and ancient (Wilson, 2002). The diverse collection of the artefacts and the famous exhibitions such as ice age art are making British museum a destination for many tourists.

The selection criteria

The selection criteria that can be applied in including the British museum in the world heritage list is the cultural criteria. The cultural criteria can be applied because British Museum is a representation of cultural significance and human creative genius. The British Museum has been exhibiting essential interchange of the values of humankind with various cultural areas globally (Wilson, 2002). The museum bears unique testimony concerning civilisation and cultural traditions that have disappeared or still existing. Besides, the artefacts found in the British Museum are the representation of the human culture and the way the human being interacted with the environment in the past.


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Esdaile, Arundell (1946) The British Museum Library: a Short History and Survey. London: Allen & Unwin

Wilson, David M. (2002). The British Museum: a history. London: The British Museum Press