Strength and weekness US model of gov
6US MODEL OF GOVERNMENT
Strengths and Weaknesses of the US Model of Government
Strengths and Weaknesses of the US Model of Government
The United States operates on a model of government that embraces the federal system. Through the federal and states government systems, the US constitution has been able to establish an effective and operational technique through which political, social and cultural aspects of the society can be addressed (Bardes et al, 2010). The main objective of this essay is to focus on the strengths and weaknesses of the US model of government. This will be accomplished by assessing the voluntary voting system, checks and balances, separation of powers and the stable two-party system (Bardes et al, 2010).
Strengths and weaknesses of the US model of government
Checks and balances
The role of every president the United States has been to influence policy. To ensure an accomplishment of his policy objectives and changes in the government, the United States constitution requires the president to work together with Congress (Payson, 2014). This considered as strength of this system of government because it ensures that neither the executive nor the Congress dominates policy-making process. In addition, it allows for transparency, accountability since the Congress controls federal budget, and the executive must find ways of working with the Congress to accomplish any goal (Bardes et al, 2010).
An additional strength of this model of government is that it provides the president with veto powers over legislations as the head of the executive branch of the government. Congress has the mandate of working together with the executive to minimize conflicts and unnecessary setbacks in policy development and implementation (Payson, 2014).
Despite these advantages, the checks and balance system of the US model of government can enhance corruption and collusion between the presidency and the Congress. This is because, for every team to realize its objectives there are times when they have to compromise. Compromise in policy-making may result in some level of institutional interdependence. This affects the ability of the presidency, and the congress in achieving all their goals (Bardes et al, 2010).
Separation of powers
The US model of government vests all legislative powers on the Congress and all the executive powers on the president. The strength of this approach to power distribution is that it prevents concentration of power on one level of the government while proving each level of government with methodologies of fighting any form of encroachment by the executive and judicial levels of government (Bardes et al, 2010). The separation of powers between the congress and the executive is designed to ensure efficiency in developing and implementing policies. This approach to governance also enhances freedom of the branches of government to act in accordance with their constitutional powers while executing their mandate (Mollers, 2013). The US model of government uses separation of power doctrine to ensure the creation of a government that has sufficient power to conduct its business while at the same time ensuring that the government is not so powerful to threaten tyranny (Mollers, 2013). The judiciary, Congress and the executive share different aspects of power within the US government as a way of limiting their sphere of influence (Bardes et al, 2010).
The doctrine of separation of powers as defined in the US model of government can also be considered as a weakness to the establishment of an effective government. This is because it is possible for the one branch of the government to use its powers in limiting the ability of another branch of government with regard to the execution of its mandate (Mollers, 2013). The Congress has the powers of legislating. This means that prior to ye implementation of any policy, it is the responsbility of the congress to debate on the proposed policies before implementation. Congress can abuse its powers by delaying the debate process hence affecting the implementation capacity of the executive (Mollers, 2013).
The US model of government allows its citizens to engage in voluntary voting. This is because of the constitution belief that the decision of who and whether to vote is the right of the citizen. This approach to voting is considered beneficial because it swallows citizens to engage in a process based on information acquired about the candidates (Chaum, 2010). The decision to vote for or against a candidate in the United States is informed by the policies they espouse. Voluntary voting is also considered as a major strength of the US model of government because it allows citizens to exercise their freedom of choice with regard to their candidate of choice (Chaum, 2010).
Voluntary voting also presents certain weaknesses in the US model of governance. This is because it can be used in explaining low voter turnout in different elections. The United Steals is a democracy developed on representative politics. When a large percentage of citizens fail to vote, the results does not reflect the representative nature of the government. Furthermore, it decreases the legitimacy of the elected representatives considering that candidates winning political positions do not win by a majority of Americans (Chaum, 2010). Voluntary voting makes it less obligatory for candidates to address the needs of the voters. In the United States, poor and less educated citizens tend to refrain from voting. This threatens to skew the political system towards the wealthy and the educated (Chaum, 2010).
The stable two party system
The United States operates on a two-party system where two major political parties dominate the government at different levels. Despite the existence of other parties, the Republican and democratic parties dominate the government (Bardes et al, 2010). This approach to governance is considered beneficial in the promotion of public good since it has the ability of accommodating varieties of interest and opinions. Furthermore, the two-party system is also considered essential in governance because it discourages sudden shifts in the political trends that can threaten to destabilize the government (Bardes et al, 2010). The two-party system is also considered strength because it encourages political participation since it allows voters to express their opinion and participate in their own governing (Bardes et al, 2010).
Despite the strengths, the two-party system can be perceived as representing special interests of self-serving candidates. This encourages sycophancy with regard to respecting the manifestos of the party. In addition, the two-party system also discriminates against citizens whose political opinions and views do not fit in the manifestos of the two major parties (Bardes et al, 2010).
Bardes, B. A., Shelley, M. C., & Schmidt, S. W. (2010). American government and politics
today: The essentials. Boston, MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Chaum, D. (2010). Towards trustworthy elections: New directions in electronic voting. Berlin
Mollers, C. (2013). The three branches: A comparative model of separation of powers. Oxford,
United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
Payson, S. (2014). Public Economics in the United States: How the Federal Government
Analyzes and Influences the Economy. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.