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Settling into a new culture can be extremely difficult. although some » culture shock » is inevitable, there are a number of ways to make living overseas much easier. what can done to reduce culture shock. Essay Example

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Culture Shock


Living in another society could be thrilling, by and by compensating, and cannily animating. It can likewise be disappointing. It is one thing to visit a nation, proceeding onward when you have seen enough, and it is very an alternate to live there. Investment in your picked abroad program gives an uncommon open door to you to start to know an alternate public opinion from inside. Be that as it may includes certain obligations. The clearest one is to adjust one’s conduct to the traditions and desires of the host nation.

Culture Shock

Culture shock is the term which is used to portray the sentiments of disarray and lack of determination that are accomplished when you come into contact with a society that is limitlessly not quite the same as your own. Cultures shock could be generally seen in remote scholars, workers, and outcasts. Indeed undergraduates who stay in their home nation’s experience the ill effects of culture stun as they make the move into the remote environment in college.

Culture determines an individual’s way of carrying out their daily activities including hand, shake, and type of food, communication, eating habits, transport system and the manner of interacting with strangers (Becker, 2013).

Levels of culture shock

The levels of culture shock can be reflected ion U-curve representing the good and bad of the process of adapting to a new culture. The main levels of culture shock include: honeymoon, crisis and adaptation stage.

Honeymoon Stage

This stage occurs before and immediately an individual arrives in a foreign. The honeymoon stage is characterised by feelings of excitement, curiosity, euphoria and eagerness to adapt to adapt to the new culture. Once the individual arrives in the foreign country, they see everything as exotic but perfect. The individual has positive attitude towards the new environment and are curious of trying new things in life. The honeymoon stage is basically the excitement resulting from the individuals expectations to the new culture and commonly referred to as the tourist stage (Zee, 2013).

Conflict Stage

This stage arises when the individual starts participating in various activities in the foreign country based on what brought them to that particular country. The activities range from attending classes, practising and making friend. The individual compares the culture of their country of origin with the new culture and often criticise the foreign country.

It is during the conflict that the individual encounters difficulties in adapting to the new culture. This stage is characterised by loss of appetite, stress, fatigue, headaches, frustration, confusion and hostility with regard to the foreign country and its residents (keepers, 2002).

Adjustment Stage

This stage involves adapting to the new culture. The individual identifies with the new culture and formulates a balance between their culture and the new culture. The individual creates social networks at the place of work or school and freely accepts the customs and practices of the new culture. The individual feels less powerless and is motivated into succeeding in their daily activities. Generally, the once new environment gradually transforms to normal. The individual easily identifies with new friends and gradually learns the norms of the new culture (Johnson, 2001).

Effects of Culture Shock

Health effects

The individual might have originated from a country which experiences warm weather almost throughout the year. The individual encounters difficulties in adjusting to environmental conditions of the foreign country. This results to development of environmental related health issues such as common cold, pneumonia and skin burns. Other health issues related to adapting to the new culture includes headaches resulting from stress as one tries to adapt to the norms and practices of the new culture (Zee, 2013).

Physical effects

Physical effects resulting from a new culture ranges from greetings, eating habits, queuing, Gender issues, interacting and discrimination. In some cultures like the United Kingdom, queuing is seen as gesture of respects. People in UK queue to acquire everything which include: getting into the class, bus or train. On the other hand, some cultures view queuing as demeaning. This implies that individuals from such cultures experience difficulties in adapting in the U.K.

Eating habits is another effects resulting from change of cultures. Different cultures across the world have different eating habits ranging from the type of food and dietary. An individual’s change of their eating habits can result to stomach-aches or other eating disorders. Generally, an individual finds it difficult to adapt to the practices of the new culture which may result to emotional torture and stress (Becker, 2013).

Mental Effects

The individual encounters difficulties in adapting to the new culture which results to emotional irritation, stress, confusion and a feeling of isolation. The individuals encounter mental issues which eventually might result to depression if they are not controlled effectively. In some cultures, racial and ethnic discrimination is still evident which results to mental and emotional torture to the foreigner as they try to adapt to the new culture (Ying, 2013).

Solutions to Culture Shock


Patience is the most effective initial step of handling the effects of culture. To The individual is expected to learn the norms and practices of the new culture patiently. Rushing into doing things might result in increased rate of failures hence affecting the individual psychologically. Patience in adapting to the new culture implies that one can get the details regarding the new society (keepers, 2002).

Maintain open mind

Open mind is the process of perceiving the practices and norms of the new culture as positive. One should learn to perceive the activities of the new culture that differs from their culture as positive as opposed to negative criticism. Judgement withholding enhances the individual to view everything objectively which facilitates in the adapting process by facilitating cross-culture understanding. (Ying, 2013)

Local Language

One should learn the local language which enhances networking. Learning of local language enables the individual to seek assistance whenever they are faced with difficulties. Knowledge of the local language enhances communication by eliminating language barrier (Johnson, 2001).

One should learn how to interact with the individuals in the new culture effectively. This enhances social networking hence one is able to make more friends who guide them through the adaptation process (keepers, 2002).

Social activity

One should identify with a social activity that keeps them busy and away from emotional effects of culture shock such as athletics, football, movies, volunteering and hiking (keepers, 2002).

Works Cited

Becker, S. L. (2013). Reverse Culture Shock and Education Abroad. 1.

Johnson, F. a. (2001). International recruitment: Learning the hard way. Health Services Journal , 30.

keepers, S. J. (2002). For description of local initiatives on induction of international Nurses. Nursing Times , 21.

Ying, M. (2013). An Analysis of “Cultural Shock” Among the Overseas Students in China and Its Educational Countermeasures:a Case Study Based on the Overseas Students in Hebei University. Journal of Tangshan Teachers College , 9.

Zee, K. v. (2013). Culture Shock or Challenge? The Role of Personality as a Determinant of Intercultural Competence. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology , 928-940.