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Pros and Cons of GMO 7

Pros and Cons of GMO

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Pros and Cons of GMO

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO),are the crop plants highly modified in laboratories to enhance some traits like high nutrition contents and resistance to diseases .The soya beans, cotton and maize are the crops that are commonly genetically modified. This paper seek to explore the various things surrounding the use of GMO crops and animals as human food, the way they impact the community, the government and the business arena. The emergence of genetically modified Organisms (GMO) has sparked a lot of attention in every field (Bonfine, 2012)

According to Siani (2013), the first food to be genetically modified was a tomato. This was in 1990s by a California company. From that time, genetically modified food has been eliciting mixed reaction across the world. In some countries like USA, Brazil and Australia, the GMO crops and animals have been welcome and continue to be on increase in their markets. In the UK, the GMO have not been accepted and have been banned.

The community has a reason to celebrate. With emergence of GMO crops and animals it has benefitted in a number of ways. According to Gianes (2011), in terms of minerals and vitamins, they are very nutritious. They not only add more nutrition but they also fight the malnutrition problem. There are areas around the world that will depend on one or two types of food only. Genetic modification of these crops adds nutrient value to these crops hence reducing cases of malnutrition.

On the other hand, the community has had to bear with the harmful effects of the GMO .These organisms poses a threat to the health of many people. Experts have found that consuming genetically modified food causes some allergic reactions to human body. This is because the genetic modification works on the basis of adding protein that was not in a plant originally. When this simulated into a human body, it sparks some unhealthy conditions (Boschem, 2009).

As Clap and Doris (2009) explains, Most of these GMO crops and animals have in them some antibiotic traits which make them resistant to pests and unfriendly climate. With the consumption of these foods, the antibiotics remain in the body of the consumer and make the body not to respond to the actual medical antibiotics. There are many unknown effects of the GMO crops and animals.

No government has been spared when it come to the food matters in relation to GMO. The GMO emergence has eased the government work when it comes to food security matters. This is evident as the government is able to supply food to the citizens at a very low cost. Diel ( 2012) observes that, increases food security and the cases of hunger have reduced in many countries due to hunger GMO .He further point out that, fewer chemicals are needed in the production of the GMO crops as well as GMO animals. This reduces the pollution that is associated with the emission of chemicals into the environment. The government therefore, incurs less cost in curbing pollution. Due to this, other environmental benefits like, general beauty, quality water and air follows.

The government expenditure on the medical field also goes down. This is because, the foods from GMO crops and animals reduces the cases of malnutrition to the citizens.GMO foods are rich in nutrition and minerals(Artemine,2010)In addition to that, The GMO results to fall in prices of food due to low cost of production and the increased yields. There is also advancement of the scientific research. This comes in as the government has to invest on research work on the GMO matters.

As Alteman (2010) observes, there is a higher economic growth through an improved food production and high yields. When it comes to the GMO crops they require less land for farming and therefore the government is able to make use of the scarce land for maximum production. This in addition helps in conservation of natural resources.

Governments are not spared when it comes to drawbacks due to GMO. The governments’ attempt to use genetically modified crops and animals as citizens’ food instills a lot of fear. This is because the technology used is very new and not thoroughly tested. This brings with it the fear of unknown as very few studies have been done on the effects GMO have on peoples’ health. (Cauhinan, 2013).Some of the genetically engineered crops has acted as mediators in the transmission of genes to the wild crops thus creating weeds. The scientist invented a GMO weed herbicide to keep these weeds under control. These are dangerous chemicals and can lead to death of animals and aquatic animals.

In the business world, the GMO are said to have both desirable and undesirable side. Many good things have been said about GMO in the business arena. In the agribusiness GMO are said to be of high quality as compared to the indigenous food crops and animals .Their tastes are better. On things to do with production, Bauer and Georgia (2012) explain that, GMO are efficient because they have a trait that enables them to have a high resistance to diseases that affect ordinary crops. This reduces the cost of production as farmers are relieved the costs incurred in crop production like the spraying of herbicides, and also the use of pesticides. This is due to high resistance to crop diseases.GMO crops and animals are associated with great yields. This means higher profits to the farmers

On the other hand, the business world continues facing the ugly side of the GMO .The traditional farmers have been wiped out of the business. The high technology applied is expensive and can only be afforded by the rich biotech company and as Arfutimie (2010) observes, this has lead to domination of food supply by few companies.

In conclusion I can say that, GMO are much welcome in the society. With the explosion of the world’s population and consequently high demand for food, there is a need to embrace and enhance the production of GMO crops and animals. As Nations embark on unconstructive debates on whether to adopt GMOs or not, people continue starving of hunger. Since the population continues growing the agricultural land is getting more constrained and the only solution we have is GMO

References

Alfutimie, A 2012 The Phase Behavior of Saturated and Unsaturated Monoglycerides and the Influence of Triglyceride on the Aggregation in Hydrophobic System.

Artemel, M 2010. «Long-awaited Turkish biosafety law finally enacted in March 2010.» Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice 5.7: 492-494.

Bauer,S,& Georgia, M 2012 Integrative oncology imperative for nurses. Seminars in oncology nursing. Vol. 28. No. 1. WB Saunders.

Bonfini, L 2012 GMOMETHODS: The European Union database of reference methods for GMO analysis.» Journal of AOAC International 95.6 : 1713-1719.

Böschen, S 2009 Hybrid regimes of knowledge? Challenges for constructing scientific evidence in the context of the GMO-debate.» Environmental Science and Pollution Research 16.5: 508-520.

Clapp, J, & Doris,A 2009 Corporate power in global agrifood governance. MIT Press.

Counihan, C, & Penny, V 2012 Food and culture: A reader. Routledge.

Diels, J 2012 Association of financial or professional conflict of interest to research outcomes on health risks or nutritional assessment studies of genetically modified products.» Food Policy 36.2: 197-203.

Gaines, T 2011 The molecular basis if resistance to glyphosate: A novel mechanism in Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) (Changing Pesticide use and Risk Scenarios with the Introduction of GMO Crops, 2) Environmental Fate and Safety Assessment).» Journal of pesticide science 36.1 : 172.

Siani, C 2013 Anti-inflammatory activity of essential oils from Syzygium cumini and Psidium guajava.» Pharmaceutical biology 51.7 : 881-887.