Scripture Speaks — (presentation) Essay Example

Scriptural Text analysis / Criticisms

Scriptural Text analysis / Criticisms



Analytical criticisms are perspectives or aspect through with a greater understanding of a text or any piece of work is enhanced. It is through analytical criticism that appreciation of works of is achieved; this by opening other people minds to explore and view an issue from other angles. Therefore analytical criticism of scriptural texts seeks to let the audience have a wider perspective of the situations (Kennedy, 1984). Critical analysis is an art and not a science as it does not seek to proof, investigate any concepts but just to have broader approaches.

Rhetoric Criticism:

The gospel according to Saint Matthew recounts of Jesus encounters and teaching to different audiences. In Matthew chapter five, Jesus addresses a multitude of people after seeing them gather. In this sermon, Jesus teaches about how to act and behave in everyday situation and what result to expect. There is a reward for each and every character or action. This is an address to the gathering but it does not exclude anyone who reads the scripture. Happiness is presented as something that one must earn; probably Jesus wanted them to meditate from an individual level what brings happiness and how much effort it takes, and finally weight against what he was offering. When Jesus talked about being spiritually poor, being humble or being merciful, it was a deliberative rhetoric where the focus was to let the audience deliberately evaluate their actions and see if they measure up to earn the sermon rewards(Kennedy, 1984). Jesus uses this deliberative rhetoric in the next chapters: chapter six and seven to show that the actions of the audience are important just like faith to have complete salvation.

Spiritual criticism is also seen in these chapters; Jesus speaks about human actions but the rewards seem to be spiritual, for example, when He says that they shall inherit the earth, the audiences need to go beyond the literal meaning to the spiritual meaning to get a clear perspective of what salvation brings about.

Narrative criticism:

In the book of Genesis chapter six, a narrative about the wickedness of human kind is told. This triggers the mind of the audience and anyone who read the text to look beyond to the modern times and see how the current generation compares in behavior to the generation in the days of Noah. One mediates on whether God would take a personal interest like he did on Noah.

Form narrative criticism can apply on the same text; in the days of Noah, God uses an ark to save Noah. This is in the past days and the modern audience such salvation would take a different form. God would save a person who is worthy and acceptable before him but it could be through other forms and the ark. One has to do something to get that salvation just like Noah had to construct the ark himself though God could have saved him in other ways. The birth of Jesus Christ, the visit of the magi and the parable of the prodigal son are recounted in the gospels in form of narratives.

Spiritual criticism:

The Ten Commandments as in the book of Exodus chapter 20, needs spiritual revelation for the audience to get the real requirement. Every believer is called to live by the commandments and it is by only doing that one gets to God. The parable of the workers in the vineyard needs spiritual revelation to get the teaching behind it. Narrative criticism applies to the text on the parable of the workers in the vineyard. It is a provocation to the audience to evaluate their actions in such situations.

Feminist Criticism:

In the book of Judges Chapter 16, females have been portrayed as cunning and sly. Delilah manages to convince Samson to get to his secret behind his powers. In genesis the fall of man seems to have been caused by females after Eve is tricked by a snake. In the narrative on Naboth’s vineyard, Jezebel is seen as the one who order the death of Naboth to ensure that Ahab gets Naboth’s vineyard. Ahab repents and God forgives him unlike the wife Jezebel who dies. Narrative criticisms have been used to let audience have a more real perspective of the matters at hand.


 Kennedy George Alexander. (1984). New Testament interpretation through rhetorical

Criticism, Carolina: The University of Carolina Press