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TOPIC: Design and material technology

Science and Technology

Design of a modern office architecture


The world is very dynamic and things have changed tremendously. As a result, there are new ways and methods of doing things. Starting from people evolving from monkey to brilliant beings who can make a computer to scientifically proving the existence of everything. At the same time, there is much to come as the world is growing at an alarming rate (Ogunseemi 2015, ).

Modern office architecture

Modern office architecture is characterized by polished surfaces, strong geometric shapes, and asymmetry (Smith 2010). Modern architecture is taking roots in the world as many countries are building offices, buildings, homesteads, etc. with new majestic styles. With efforts to reconcile principles as well as cope with the advancement and modernization of technology the field of office, architecture has had incredible improvement.

The office is a room where administrative work is done, but may also refer to the position within an organization within certain duties attached. Office as the structure has experienced great revolution from rooms with walls full of pigeon holes, built to hold rolled up pieces of parchment for safe keeping to a long storey building. The early offices had all kinds of writing were mixed up in the offices. Also, offices acted as the library as the storage of book, scrolls, as well as reading or writing books, happened on the same desk. Additionally, business was conducted in the same buildings that is retail trade, warehousing, and clerical work (Lidskog 2015 ).

On the other hand, due to poor productivity, and to encourage creativity in the model of architecture design there was a need to come up with a new design of an office (Ogunseemi 2015, ). A modern offices should have opens plans where employees can interact. Such a feature improves the mood of the employee as well as teamwork is fostered. Again, modern offices should have hot desking where employees are not attached to their desks thereby reducing cost. In hot desking open spaces are valuable as it allows workers to work nearly everyplace. Also, shared spaces are vital for meetings and collaboration on the larger projects as it aids in improving productivity. Besides, offices should have a functional building that is offices furnished with cafes, restaurants, public library, bars, and gymnasiums. Such facilities keep the employees motivated as well as making them happy and proud of the organization they are working for. Lastly, the more businesses want to project their space in a workable and ecologically friendly manner. It’s not just employers; ecology is a significant issue for many workers too (Adamauskas 2013, ).

Science and Technology  1

A modern refrigerator

This a universal domestic machine that comprises of a thermally insulated compartment as well as a heat pump that is responsible for transferring heat from the inner fridge to outside so as to be cooled to the temperature below normal room temperature of a room (Amankwah-Amoah 2015). The equipment is chiefly used to food and perishable goods storage. The lower temperatures aids to control the duplication rates of the bacteria, consequently, the refrigerator decreases the rate of decomposition. Also, the refrigerator upholds temperature a few degrees above the subzero point of water as a temperature range of the perishable goods storage is 3 to 5 degrees Celsius.

Before the refrigerator was discovered there was the icebox that was common among the American. Principally, after the knowledge about the bacteria and the boiling and freezing points were the major studies in science that led to the discovery of refrigerator (Lidskog 2015 ).

Due to development and advancement of the new technologies refrigerators has been improved and should have the following new features: automatic defrosting for unfreezing. Also, power warning alert, where there is flashing temperature display of all-out temperature reached at time of power blackout as well as whether frozen food has unfrozen or presence of a microorganisms. At the same time, laid-back water and ice from the dispenser in the door and cabinet rollers that let the refrigerator roll out easily when cleaning. An improved fridge should also contain a status pointer that alerts when there is a necessity to change the water filter. Again, a cooling zone in the doors shelves so that the air from the freezer section can be directed to the beverages stored at the door shelf. Finally, a drop down door built into the refrigerator main door, the door helps in giving easy access to the regularly used items such as tomatoes and other fruits, thus saving energy by not having to open the main door (Anand 2014,).

To maintain a refrigerator there is need to check the temperature of the fridge and freezer with a thermometer and set to the temperature that is not energy consuming. Again, cleaning of condenser coils is of great importance as it increases the efficiency up to 30 %. Additionally, to maintain a fridge, there is need to defrost. Refrigerators that do not have a reflex defrost setting typically use less energy than other refrigerators, but they must be manually defrosted to maintain efficiency. It is good practice to defrost manually whenever ice becomes 1/4 inch thick. At the same time, it is wise to regulate room temperature (ROURKE 2013).

Relationship between science and technology

There is an apparent relationship between science and technology. Science can be described as the enterprise that generates, builds and systematizes knowledge in form of testable elucidations and predication about the world (Wickson 2015). At the same time, science is the father of technology because when science is used to physique a concept, it is known as technology. Also, Science is a direct source of tools and methodologies for more effectual engineering designs that are later known as the technology Additionally, Formation of a knowledge base that becomes increasingly significant in the assessment of technology regarding its broader social and environmental impacts (Smith 2010).


Adamauskas, Saulius. «SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BASED COMPANY, ITS FEATURES AND RELATIONS TO ENVIRONMENT.» Science and technology, 2013, : Vol. 18 Issue 2, p209-217. 9p.

Amankwah-Amoah, Joseph. «The evolution of science, technology and innovation policies: .» A review of the US experience, 2015: Pg 255-346.


Lidskog, Rolf,. «When and how does science matter?: .» international relations meets science and technology studies, 2015 : pg 15:1-20.

Ogunseemi, Olatunbosun Emmanuel. «Science and technology in Africa for the twenty first century: .» Perspectives for change, 2015, : Vol. SE 1, p307, 7 p.

ROURKE, KATHRYN E. «THE YEAR IN THE ARTS: ARCHITECHURE; .» It’s a Fine Design and All, But That’s Sure a Funny Name For a Building, 2013: Vol. 64 Issue 5, p57-71.

Smith, Wally. «The magic of machines in the house.» modern refridegrators, 2010: Vol. 13 Issue 5, p633-660, 28p,.

Wickson, Fern1 [email protected] «The Walkshop Approach to Science and Technology Ethics.» Science and technology, 2015: Vol. 21 Issue 1, p241-264. 24p.