Scholarly Review Journal Essay Example

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Scholarly Review Journal

Post-Structuralism and Post-Modernism

According to Weedon (1997), poststructuralist considers conflict and disunity as a result of subjectivity. He further argues that subjectivity is constructed and it differs from language which has elements of place and identity. Political implications and practice usually vary with regards to post-structuralism. The similarities are however on the fundamental assumptions of language and subjectivity. I find this information to be important as it highlights the differences between subjectivity and language. On the other hand, I think that most of the definitions are as a result of subjectivity. This is because subjectivity is constructed and hence leading to different meanings. The conflicting meanings are also a result of subjectivity. The place and identity in the definitions can be obtained through the use of language.

Post-modernism on the other hand has been influential in most of the modern practices and activities. According to Usher, et al. (1997), post-modernism influences different fields in the modern day practices. This includes the academic field which is regarded as a source of knowledge. In the political field, post-modernism plays an essential role in influencing how decisions are made and the concepts of political decisions. According to Usher, et al. (1997), ethics is an important factor in post-modernism as it determines how decisions are made and the views of the people regarding the decision. I think that the concept of post-modernism provides an important understanding of how activities are carried out in different fields. On the other hand, I think that post-modernism concepts are related to post-structuralism concepts.

Psychoanalysis and social theory

According to the Freudian principles, psychoanalysis is considered as a therapy and a theory. This is because he suggests that human being do not exist independently of sexuality. This therefore brings about the concepts of sexuality and subjectivity with regards to Psychoanalysis and the social theories. On the other hand, it is also important to note that the social theory is important in explaining the concepts of humanity. Elliot (1999), the social theory is concerned with the language and interpretation of meaning. On the other hand, psychoanalysis deals with language and social theories. This is an indication that social theory is closely linked to psychoanalysis. The views of Elliot (1999) have some differences with the Freudian principles.

Marcuse (1955), argues that the potentials of modernity are closely related to the psychoanalysis concepts and the social theory. He argues that the changes that are being witnessed due to modernity have some impacts on psychoanalysis and the social theory. This is because of the hidden trends that are found in the psychoanalysis concepts. Marcuse (1955) therefore agrees with the concepts that have been put forward by the Freudian principles. I find that different authors are coming up with different definitions of the concepts of social theory and psychoanalysis. On the other hand I also believe that the social theory is closely related to psychoanalysis. On the other hand, I find the Freudian principles effective in terms of creating an understanding with regards to psychoanalysis and the social theory.

List of References

Weedon, C, 1997, ‘Principles of Post-Structuralism’ in Feminist Practice and Post-Structuralist Theory, 2nd ed, Blackwell, Cambridge, pp. 12-41.

Usher, R, et al, 1997, Adult education and the postmodern challenge: learning beyond the limits, Routledge, London.

Marcuse, H, 1955. “The Hidden Trend in Psychoanalysis”, Chapter 1 in H. Marcuse, Eros and Civilization, Boston: Beacon Press.

Freud, S, 1920, «Lecture I: Introduction», In S. Freud, A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis, New York: Horace Liveright, 1-10.

Elliott, A, 1999, Social theory and psychoanalysis in transition: self and society from Freud to Kristeva, 2nd edn, Free Association Books, London; New York.