Review Final Project Topic of (Tracy Freeborn ) Essay Example

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Tracy Freeborn 

Scholarly Article


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Article: Parents’ Social Networks and Beliefs as Predictors or Parental Involvement

Author: Steven B Shelton

Source: The Elementary School Journal, Vol. 102, No. 4 (Mar., 2002). Pp 301-316

Published by: University of Chicago Press

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Accessed: 18-02-2016 00:57 UTC

            Shelton’s article examines parental motivation for hands on involvement in a child’s education, both at home and in the classroom. Overall, the finding is that a social network of involved parents as well as a parent’s definition of parental roles; determining factors in involvement. Finding shows that parents need to feel that they are both competent and responsible for educational participation. While there is evidence that parents of higher education and economic means are more readily available for some sort of school support, the reality is that the parent must consider a child’s education to be part of their job as a parent and not just the responsibility of the teacher. Social networking, meaning the parent’s relationships with other parents and with teachers create social capital, and influence the parent’s view of educational responsibility by creating the feeling of acceptance and thus adding to a parent’ confidence. Ultimately, we want to do well, we want to put our best foot forward, and we do enjoy recognition. Social relationship influence social behaviors by setting the expectation.

On the other hand, there is need to assess the connectedness between the article and tenet of social networks and belief as predictors or parental involvement as postulated by Shelton (2002). On findings however, the connectedness between the article and Tracy Freeborn’s post is based on the concepts they share or differ on.

To begin with, the theory of self-preservation (SST) suggests that social evaluative threat is having ability to evoke the emotion of shame. Furthermore, Shelton (2002) found that SSPT can shape coordinated psychological responses. This is further conceptualized in Tracy Freeborn’s post when he brings the relationship between social networking and parent’s need to create sense of acceptance. We realize that there need for social networking to be realized between parents and students; where the aspect of cortisol patterns as argued by Shelton (2002) strongly plays the role. That is, while cortisol patterns are linked to strong positive link with trait shame, the post also sees such link with educational support for children.

Secondly, both the article and the post agree that shame takes center stage among school goers and the shame is related to sadness. The post argues about social networks and beliefs while the article is concerned with trait and cognition but they both agree that cognition, like helplessness are found in depression and hence it might affect the extent of social networking and belief.

Contrariwise, the post and the article differ with regard to assessment of their case and sample studies. The article is concerned with assessing the trait of shame in young women while the post assesses school goers. This makes it difficult to relate the findings from one study to another. For instance, Duhachek & Argawal (2014) reported that the aspect of TSST as displayed by women has not direct significance with social networking and belief.


Han,D., Duhachek, A., & Argawal, N,(2014). Emotions shape decisions through construal level: The case of guilt and shame. Journal of Consumer Research, 41(4), 1047-1064.

Rohleder, N., Chen, E., Wolf, J. M., & Miller, G. E. (2008). The psychobiology of trait shame in young women: Extending the social self-preservation theory.Health Psychology, 27(5). 523–532

Sheldon, S. B. (2002). Parents’ social networks and beliefs as predictors of parent involvement. The Elementary School Journal, 301-316.

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