RESPONDENT CONDITIONING Essay Example

  • Category:
    Psychology
  • Document type:
    Assignment
  • Level:
    High School
  • Page:
    1
  • Words:
    573

Respondent Conditioning

Respondent Conditioning

Introduction

Respondent conditioning, also referred to as Pavlovian conditioning or classical conditioning, is a form of learning whereby a response is induced by a neutral stimulus which has been previously presented repeatedly together with the stimulus that initially induced the response. This concept was originally used in experimental methods for studying reflexes. The respondent conditioning procedure was discovered by a Russian physiologist known as Ivan P. Pavlov. The purpose of this simple experiment is to determine whether a neutral stimulus will cause a conditioned response.

Materials

The materials that were used in this simple experiment were as follows:

  1. A distinctive cup (red coffee cup)

  2. Freshly squeezed lemon juice

I rarely use the red coffee cup, and therefore, it was reliable for this experiment. During the four days of the experiment, this cup was not used for any other purpose apart from the experiment procedure.

Procedure

The red coffee cup and the fresh squeezed lemon juice were kept in my bedroom. The procedure was aimed at pairing a neutral stimulus (red coffee cup) and unconditional stimulus (lemon juice). The steps that were used to carry out the experiment were as follows:

  1. Put a small amount of fresh squeezed lemon juice into the red coffee cup

  2. Drink the juice

  3. Repeat step (i) and step (ii) for four days

  4. Record the results of each day

The above procedure was carried out every evening for four consecutive days and the results recorded on a table that was prepared for this experiment purposes.

After pairing the neutral stimulus (red coffee cup) and unconditional stimulus (lemon juice) for four days, the results that were obtained were as shown in the table below:

Table 1: Respondent Conditioning Results

Stimulus

Response

Red coffee cup (Neutral stimulus)

Lemon juice (Unconditioned stimulus)

Salivation (Unconditioned response)

Stimulus

Response

Red coffee cup (Conditioned stimulus)

Lemon juice

Salivation (Unconditioned response)

Stimulus

Response

Red coffee cup (Conditioned stimulus)

Salivation (Conditioned response)

Lemon juice

Salivation (Unconditioned response)

Stimulus

Response

Red coffee cup (Conditioned stimulus)

Salivation (Conditioned response)

Lemon juice

Salivation (Unconditioned response)

Discussion

In this experiment, the subject was me and the experiment took place in my bedroom. The neutral stimulus was the red coffee cup, which was used to serve a fresh, squeezed juice, and the response is salvation by me. On the first day, my salvation was elicited by the lemon juice when I was pouring it into the red coffee cup. On the second day, my salvation was also elicited by the lemon juice. On the third day, the red coffee cup eventually elicited salivation even before I could pour the lemon juice into it. On the final day, I entered the room, and I started salivating by just see the cup on the table next to my bed. Even without the lemon juice around, I think I would have salivated.

In the results described above, the conditioned stimulus was the red coffee cup, and the conditioned response was salivation that occurs when the cup is seen. The lemon juice that was the initial stimulus to salivation is the unconditioned stimulus, and the salivation that happened when the juice was put into the cup was the unconditioned response.
Conclusion

This experiment has demonstrated a neutral stimulus can elicit a conditioned response when used together with an unconditioned stimulus. It also confirmed that respondent conditioning is reinforced when the conditioned stimulus is followed by the unconditioned stimulus in an appropriate manner.