Research Proposal Part 1 Essay Example

  • Category:
    Music
  • Document type:
    Research Proposal
  • Level:
    Masters
  • Page:
    3
  • Words:
    1807

Research Proposal Part 1 13

Research Proposal Part 1

RESEARCH PROPOSAL

Research Methodology (Qualitative)

Name/Title of Proposal/Research Question

Demands of Orchestra conductors

Key words

Conductor

Full Orchestra

Wind Orchestra

Brass band

Music History

Instrumentation

Conducting development

Conducting Technique

Basic conducting

Phrasing conducting

Theoretical Framework

. The main objective was to bring harmony in the orchestral composition, which he did by setting the style for many decades of orchestral music. Therefore, in order to ensure that the project is sustainable, the orchestra will adopt Wagner’s theory by emphasizing the importance of dynamics, tempo, the bowing of string instruments as well as the role of orchestra’s principals.1Wagner envisioned a more demanding role the conductor in the theatre orchestra by introducing six harps in the Das RheingoldOn Conducting” The project will be based on the Wagner’s theory on conducting. As an influential musician, Richard Wagner introduced Bayreuth orchestras that provided one of the major expansions in the symphonic practice. The orchestra was introduced to be accompanying Wagner’s musical dramas. In his book “

Triangulation

Triangulation is the process of utilizing three methodologies that contribute to ensuring the validity and reliability of the project at hand.

‘Triangulation is an approach to data analysis that synthesizes data from multiple sources. Triangulation seeks to quickly examine existing data to strengthen interpretations and improve policy and programs based on the available evidence. By examining information collected by different methods, by different groups and in different populations, findings can be corroborated across data sets, reducing the impact of potential biases that can exist in a single study.’

To ensure that the triangulation process is in place with regard to this particular project I will be using both interview and observation methods in the collection of the data. Additionally, qualitative method will be applied in the analysis of the collected data.

Literature Review

An orchestra refers to the musical ensemble which contains mixed instruments based on the strings and winds. The instrumentation and musical arrangement is done under the direction of a conductor where four classes of instruments are employed including strings, brass, percussion and woodwinds2. This type of music originated from the large instrument ensemble of Western music since the 18th century. On the other hand, the strings, apart from the harp consist of multiple players for every part while the other only have one player. It Is important to note that the strings include the bowed violin, cello, (or violoncello), double bass, viola, and the plucked harp. Further, the woodwinds include the English horn, flute, oboe, bassoon and clarinet, which appear in more than one size. Additionally, the brass consists of the trumpet, French horn, tuba and trombone. Finally, the percussion is composed of snare and bass drums, kettledrums (or timpani), cymbals, xylophone, and triangle, among others.

In orchestra, the strings are mostly used among other instruments3. This is because strings are the most flexible and versatile while at the same time they play almost continuously in most of the scores. However, the woodwinds are also important in orchestra since they add color to the sound of the strings while at the same time helping in carrying the melody of the song being played4. On the other hand, the French horn is mostly used in brass category as it blends well with the other brasses or the woodwinds. Some of the “heavy artillery” used in orchestra include the trombones, trumpets, and tuba are the since they paly loudly as well as providing a dynamic climax. However, they are also helpful in subdued passages individually or as a group. Additionally, the percussion instruments are used in emphasizing the rhythm of the song while The kettledrums are importantly used to provide blending with the rest of the instruments in orchestra, but they are more effective when tuning to a definite pitch. Moreover, the harp is primarily a colour instrument but weaker compared to the bowed strings. Although the organ and piano are mostly used as concertos or soloists, they can also be applied as one of the orchestral instruments.

The history of modern orchestra can be traced from the 17th century. Before the 17th century, the instrumental ensemble music was mostly the chamber music, except for some occasional musical festival where various instruments that were available would be incorporated in the events. Previously, there was little thought of how different instruments should be arranged to provide a proper combination. However, in the late half of the 18th century the classical orchestra was gradually being established through the acceptance of the clarinet and the systematic disuse of the continuo, which led to the greater independence when playing the string parts. This means that strings parts would be able to fill the harmony without being aided5. The rest of the instruments such as clarinet and bass were slowly introduced as alternatives in the orchestra combination.

In the 19th century, through the efforts of Beethoven, the brass took a prominent place in the orchestra. On regular basis, the trombone while at the same time the valve that was invented in 1813 immediately made the trumpet and horn to be completely chromatic. Therefore, all the brass was used as melody instruments, which were available in the most remote keys. In the same century, the section of The “horn” was increased to four, while the tuba provided brass with a register of a dependable contrabass, which was previously lacking.

The 20th century saw innovations in the intranets combinations such as the introduction of the Rite of Springs that showed the diverse interest of exploiting the capabilities of the instruments in the orchestra6. Generally, the 20th century witnessed deliberate attempts of exploring the novel uses of instruments where musicians seemed to prefer a moderate-sized orchestra, which can as well be observed in the 21st century.

The history of orchestra has been dominated by male musicians, which the project team has cited as the main problems facing the industry7. Therefore, this project intends to empowered female musicians and integrates them in the orchestra.

Interview

  • Another data source will be interviews which will give me a great chance to study more about conducting skills from reliable sources

  • My interviews will be with knowledgeable people in the field who can give me an insight to their experience and their opinion on the topic.

  • I will arrange interviews with those who have significant experience in conducting in full orchestra and wind orchestra.

Observation

  • My last method of research will be observation. I will be an audience at concerts and watch how to they conduct and I will visit orchestra rehearsal.

  • The concert DVD and YouTube video can be observing elements.

Validity

Validity is about truth and accuracy of information collected.

Validity refers to the degree to which a study accurately reflects or assesses the specific concept that the researcher is attempting to measure. While reliability is concerned with the accuracy of the actual measuring instrument or procedure, validity is concerned with the study’s success at measuring what the researchers set out to measure.’

To ensure the validity of my research project I have attempted to interface with reliable sources of information

To ensure the validity of my research project I have attempted to interface with reliable sources of information so that my research only deals with information that is relevant and
necessary.

I will ensure that my findings are deemed reliable by using a wide range of reputable literary sources when undertaking my literature review.

My interviews will only be conducted with those who are experienced and knowledgeable in my topic.

I believe that my observations will be valid if I can get a
significant variety of locations and situations.

Reliability

Reliability is about ensuring that the information provided is given by persons who have the necessary credibility and respect in the industry.

Reliability has to do with the quality of measurement. In its everyday sense, reliability refers to the «consistency» or «repeatability» of the measures. Before defining reliability precisely we have to come up with the groundwork’

I will ensure that my findings are deemed reliable by integrating the methods of data collection and analyses are credible. In this regard, I will use interviews and observation in the collection of data and qualitative method in the data analysis.

Proposed Timeline

By the end of week 4, I aim to have completed compilation of
information for my literature review. I also aim to have at least

Most of my interviews and observations completed by this
time.

Weeks 5 – 6

This time will be dedicated to completing transcripts of

Interviews and summarizing the results of my observations.

This time will also be for editing these results, as well as editing

the results of my literature review

Week 7 – 10

This period will be dedicated to writing up my research answer,

using the results of my three methods of research to form an

informed response to my question

Weeks 11 -12

Final touches, editing, removing anything unnecessary, adding

anything I have left out, and polishing the final product

Research Methodology

The project‘s research approach section will entail the use of the correct approach to answering the research questions as well as meeting the objectives of the research project. In this project, the research approach will be ethnographic. Ethnographic research tries to understand the art through people’s behavior including their culture. It involves talking to people and observing how they are conducting their activities. Ethnographic research means entering into someone’s world and getting the experience at a personal level. The great advantage of ethnographic is that a researcher finds the underlying cause of the problem by receiving firsthand information.

As noted above, the collection of data will involve the use of interviews and observation, which means that the researcher will be more concerned about the quality of information received. Therefore, the research study will use qualitative method instead of quantitative. The qualitative method of research is used where the researcher is more concerned with the quality of data being collected from the field. Importantly, the research approach and research method should coincide to provide credibility of the results. In this connection, since ethnographic approach is based on the observatory aspect of the researcher, qualitative method is the most suitable compared to the quantitative research method.

Expected outcome/s

The project is expected to change the composition of orchestra by involving female musicians and empowering them to join. The success of the research will result to the establishment of more orchestral groups in other cities.

Bibliography

Meier, G. The score, the orchestra, and the conductor, Oxford, Oxford University Press, Oxford,

1
Meier, G. The score, the orchestra, and the conductor, Oxford, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009.

4
Meier, G. The score, the orchestra, and the conductor, Oxford, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009.

6
Meier, G. The score, the orchestra, and the conductor, Oxford, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009.