Research method (concept project ) Essay Example

Using Radar to Collect and Analyze Ground Traffic Data

Background of research

Ground traffic data refers to the information used during the planning of road construction. It provides real-time statistics that are reliable for planning. The data attained from the ground traffic is used for providing methods to control traffic and eliminate congestion of vehicles on the road. Radar recorders are the most advanced devices used for collecting traffic data. Through an overview of the existing radar recording devices, a field study is conducted to present the precision of using the devices for traffic data collection (CA Traffic, 2014).

The main purpose or solution the technological radar devices manage is perceived through the traffic information attained from the devices. The devices present data regarding car traffic configurations, quantities, and speeds. The data collected is used in making traffic reference concerning signage or calming measures on the road. The sensor device to be evaluated is the Radar Recorder, which is highly suggested for its simplicity during the installing process and it is deliberated upon as accurate for the data it presents (Jamartech, 2014).

The traffic data collected by the radar is beneficial in assisting to control drivers who are over speeding on the road. The devices are more reliable compared to the traffic officers since the drivers can easily manipulate the field marshal results by slowing down whenever an officer or a patrol vehicle is realized. However, with the recorders, the speed of the drivers can be recorded and provide accurately when the haste or volume violation occurs as the devices are beyond the sight of the drivers. The report present the need for using the radar recorders to attain traffic data while discussing how the environment affects the speed of the vehicles on the ground. The data can be used to ensure the drivers move at the required speed among other regulations. Most of the countries use radar recorders. The data achieved is practical for traffic management. It will is important for other countries to use the device to control and gather traffic data.

Current state-of-the-art

The environment influences the speed of vehicles in the roads and encounters impacts such as road congestion, and pollution among other threats to the health of people. The management, construction and design of the roads influence the regulation of infrastructures. That is; it is easier to find drivers over speeding on highways unlike in rural environments. Many officers receive complaints of over speeding drivers, and yet the drivers manipulate the results attained. The usage of radar technologies derived from the need of attaining accurate and unbiased information surrounding the traffic data (ODOT, n.d.).

Radar technological devices have the capabilities of sorting out all causes of noise on the road and focusing on the speed of the car, and the volume of the car. The composition of an environment affects the noise levels at different locations. An increase in speed leads to an upsurge in the noise the vehicle makes. For instance, a truck moving at the speed of 55mph yields the same haste of around 28 automobiles. Therefore, the technological radar systems can distinguish the acoustic energy of a wagon to that of cars moving at the same speed (SOS, 1999). The effects of traffic noise and speed led to the need for accurate traffic data that helps eliminate issues such as the concern and safety of the people while considering the health and welfare of all affected by the traffic noise. The data from the radar can be processed with the usage of an in-house analysis software. The software allows one to create a data analysis report.

Research objectives

  • Radar technology

  • Effectiveness of radar technologies on collecting traffic data

  • How radar systems are used and installed

  • Observe the installation and performance of radar technologies of vehicles and duration the technologies can be deployed

  • The main functionality of the radar sensor devices, and identifying the lifecycle and cost of the radar system.

Research Hypotheses

The main purpose of the research is to investigate the resolve and efficiency of using radar systems to collect traffic data. The data can be used to plan how to eliminate congestion in traffic among other issues perceived. The radar systems are considered the most reliable technological devices for collecting traffic data.

Radar systems are tied to the amount of efficient data that is collected on traffic that will be explained and presented through conducting some field studies. If the systems are used in traffic, then the data attained will be reliable. Then the information will be used effectively to ensure traffic is efficient without any congestion or over speeding among other challenges on the road.

Research methodologies

The practices that will assist in providing the results of the radar technology for collecting traffic data include testing the hardware’s and devices to guarantee effectiveness. The three methods including testing the site through ensuring the site are reliable for the traffic needed, as well as with other requirements such as noise from other environmental factors. The site has to be reliable in that in a noisy environment the data will still be reliable. The site also has to comprise different weather patterns to evaluate the effectiveness of the device in different conditions. The results will be compared with other devices to guarantee accuracy and effectiveness of the radar recorder.

The first methodology is testing the site where the device will be used. The test site will typically be a two-lane roadway where high traffic is experienced, and vehicles from different classes are perceived. The process will assist evaluate the different speeds and volumes of the vehicles and identify whether the device can determine the difference.

The second method is about evaluating the timeframe of the data collected. That is; the device will be evaluated for its efficiency in collecting data during the morning, evening and daytime hours. More importantly, it will also present how weather affects its accuracy in the data it collects (GuardREC, n.d.). To determine the accuracy of the information provided in the results provided by the radar device, qualitative information from other devices used will be compared. Though not all devices provide accurate results compared to the radar recorder, the information will be evaluated quantitatively to provide assurance of the findings.

Monitoring is the third method, which is used through the usage of videos, Doppler’s, magnetometer and pneumatic tube counter, as well as the radar to ensure that the results from the device are accurate and reliable. The information collected by the radar will be evaluated and compared to the information from other devices while evaluation the specification of the devices to determine accuracy. The traffic data to be collected will include speed, volume and classification of the vehicles.


References

CA Traffic, 2014. Radar Recorder: covert traffic monitoring. Global Traffic Monitoring, pp. 1-2.

GuardREC, n.d. GuardREC: Recorder — ATC. Available at:
[Online] http://www.guardrec.com/recorder-atc/ [Accessed 16 3 2016].

Jamartech, 2014. Radar Recorder: Making Data Collection Easier. Jamar Technologies, Inc. Radar_Recorder_Brochure. pdf, pp. 1-4.

ODOT, n.d. Statewide Investigation of Noise Abatement Alternatives. Chapter 3: Fundamentals of Highway Traffic Noise, pp. 5-12.

SOS, 1999. Otari Radar II. Available at:
[Online] http://www.soundonsound.com/sos/jan99/articles/otariradar524.htm [Accessed 16 3 2016].