Research Essay Example

  • Category:
    Nursing
  • Document type:
    Research Paper
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    4
  • Words:
    2601

4Effectiveness of Diet in preventing Cardiovascular Diseases

EFFECTIVENESS OF DIET IN PREVENTING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES IN PEOPLE WITH HIGH CHOLESTEROL

Table of Contents

3Cardiovascular Diseases

3Background

4Discussion

4Key Findings in Researched articles

6Recommendations for areas such as, Clinical Practice, Research, Education and Policy

6Clinical Practice

6Education

8Describe how this Knowledge would influence your Clinical Practice as a newly qualified Registered Nurse

9Conclusion

11References

Cardiovascular Diseases

Background

According to the department of health, cardiovascular disease is termed as one of the leading causes of death in the world. Accounting to more than 12 million deaths in the year 2012, cardiovascular diseases remain a major challenge to the health of the world today (Clifton PM 2004, 544). Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD), also called the heart disease is a disease of the heart and blood vessels. In most cases, cardiovascular diseases are attributed to the process of atherosclerosis, which is a condition that develops when a substance builds up on the walls of the artery. Frequently the substance that builds up in the walls of the artery is called plaque; plaque can be defined as amounts of cholesterol that are deposited on the walls of the artery, inhibiting blood flow thus generating risk factors to cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and diabetes. Over the years cardiovascular diseases have become a global epidemic affecting all the parts of the world, according to the world health organization the epidemic has developed to different parts of the world causing a transition of health globally.

Cardiovascular diseases and risk factors are controlled and treated by both pharmacological and not pharmacological means. By pharmacological one would argue towards the use of medical drugs example patients with a high risk for cardiovascular diseases are advised to take medicine prescribed by the doctor, to accompany any other changes that the individual might be making. Non-pharmacological means usually involve body exercise, lifestyle changes, and diet. According to recent studies, scholars have argued that lifestyle changes and medicine may not be sufficient. Furthermore, medication has been identified to bear various side effects on the patients, conclusively accomplishing more harm than good. Research has argued that the central pathological process affiliated with the risk of cardiovascular diseases, starts at the early stages of life. One would go further to pay particular attention to dietary intervention in establishing a health background that is rigid, through the use and development of diet and nutrition as a means of preventing the risk to cardiovascular diseases. The paper focuses on analyzing the strengths and limitations of various written works and conducted case studies, to understand the design, formulation and conclusion of the significance of diet in preventing cardiovascular diseases.

Discussion

Key Findings in Researched articles

Research has paid much attention to medicine, physical exercise and lifestyle changes, and little attention to dietary intervention in preventing cardiovascular diseases. The efficiency of dietary intervention in preventing cardiovascular diseases has been by far overlooked and undermined. However, the effectiveness of the diet in controlling the levels of cholesterol in the body has been identified as remarkable, not only is the approach safe for the patient but also a quality practice in the nursing profession. Unlike the pharmaceutics means, dietary intervention does not have long term side effects rather; it is healthy and applicable to patients of every age. Much evidence has been developed supporting the use of dietary intervention in the reduction of cholesterol levels in the body, high cholesterol concentrations in the body are defined to contribute to the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

To gain a better understanding of the effect that dietary intervention has on the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, different scholars have performed research regarding study cases and experiments on various patients. These study cases have conclusively resulted in identifying different facts that point to the efficiency of a diet. Example the article from the International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition, attempts to explain the effect of Semin seed on the lipid profile and redox levels in hyperndemic patients[ CITATION Gua15 p 574 l 1033 ]. The case study involves a time-based case study on 38 hyperndemic participants, for 60 days the participants were expected to consume a fixed diet covering 40g of white Semin seed with 240Kcall less. From the case study, it would be accurate to state that white Semin seeds have a significant effect in preventing cardiovascular diseases. This is mainly through reducing the patient’s total cholesterol level (TC) and low-density lipoprotein. From the case study, it is clear evident that dietary intervention and control has significance in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.

On the other hand, research has gone further to explain the effect of a high protein level to a low saturated fat and carbohydrate in reducing the risk to cardiovascular diseases. According to research, the addition of large amounts of protein level accompanied by low saturated fat and a low carbohydrate diet has a significant effect in reducing cholesterol levels and lipoprotein levels (LDL) (Faghihnia 2012, 576). According to the case study, the author acquired a sample of participants and exposed the participants to a fixed diet made of 50% carbohydrate, 13% protein, 38% total fat, and 15% saturated fat. The study was fixated on identifying the effect of such a diet on the outcome of plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels (Faghihnia 2012, 576). According to the case study, one would conclude that, consuming a little-saturated fat and carbohydrate diet accompanied by high volumes of protein causes a reducing effect on the levels of total cholesterol and lipoprotein levels. This would describe a prevention approach to the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Different elements of fat have been identified to carry different effects on the total cholesterol level of individuals (Guasch-Ferré 2015, 93). In this recent article, a case study was conducted to analyze the changes in references to total cholesterol levels, on men and women aged between 55-80 and 60-80 years of age respectively. According to the research study, consumption of certain fats example polyunsaturated fat in margarine regulates the rate of metabolism resulting in reduced levels of total cholesterol in the body. While consumption of certain saturated fat example butter increases the standard of total cholesterol contributing to a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Recommendations for areas such as, Clinical Practice, Research, Education and Policy

Clinical Practice

Health professionals are highly advised to consider dietary intervention not only as a means of reducing high levels of cholesterol but also as a primary method of preventing cardiovascular diseases. Physicians are encouraged to focus on the approach as a safe and healthy means of controlling the total cholesterol levels in patients. Research suggests that most cardiovascular diseases start developing in the early stages of life, example hero sclerosis is an underlying pathology began to develop over time without visible symptoms (PC 2005, 78). This shows the primary effect of dietary intervention in addressing total cholesterol levels, in an individual’s early years as a means of preventing cardiovascular diseases from developing. One would argue that physicians and health professionals should align to develop and adapt to dietary intervention as a primary method for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases to all patients.

Individuals at risk of cardiovascular diseases should practice a steady diet course of a meal to reduce the potential for cardiovascular diseases. Similarly, dietitians can identify the proper type of food that patients should consume, for reduced cholesterol levels and a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Education

Education is a fundamental element in the society; through education, the people of a community learn new ways of conducting operations and understanding better and safer modes of living. Efficient training is required to improve the approach by health professionals and physicians, towards the use of dietary intervention as a primary approach to preventing cardiovascular diseases[ CITATION Elw05 p 94 l 1033 ]. General Practitioners (GP’s) are usually the first contact with the patient; this gives them an upper hand of dealing with the situation that the patient is in. General Practitioners are expected to have a high level of awareness of the effect that dietary intervention has on reducing cholesterol levels. Similarly, nurses and dietitians should be able to advise patients from bad feeding habits. When people are equipped with adequate education and assessment of the approach to preventing cardiovascular disease nurses and dietitians should exhibit high levels of understanding in controlling total cholesterol levels and preventing the risk associated with cardiovascular diseases.

Nurses lie in the center of treating the patient equation; one would argue that nurses are imperative since they lay the structure of preventing and controlling high levels of cholesterol in the body. Nurses should thereby show elevated levels of awareness and attention to dietary intervention. Nurses should also be rigid in leading the campaign towards good and healthy eating habits.

Policy

Health decision makers are expected to use the new knowledge in developing the approach of dietary intervention in preventing cardiovascular diseases. Policy makers are scheduled to use the knowledge in developing policies that would promote proper use of dietary intervention, in preventing cardiovascular diseases. Thereby health institutes should design and implement policies that support dietary intervention as a means of reducing cholesterols levels[ CITATION Elw05 p 80 l 1033 ].

Health institutes should establish and apply policies that explain the importance of dietary response and its complementary nature towards other methods of preventing cardiovascular diseases. Health decision makers are expected to use the knowledge in developing policies that promote better eating habits by people. Similarly, health policy makers should develop policies that define dietary intervention as a primary approach to preventing cardiovascular diseases. This would enable the reduction of the extent use of medicine that leads to adverse side effects in the patient’s later years. Conclusively food companies should also be requested to provide the amount of food percentages in their products; this would improve public awareness of the manner of good and healthy eating habits against bad ones.

Describe how this Knowledge would influence your Clinical Practice as a newly qualified Registered Nurse

The process of implementing and adapting to newly developed nursing practices may prove to be difficult; however, as a recently qualified nurse, it would be of essential importance to adhere to the new research and improve nursing practices that promote dietary intervention. As a new party in the nursing profession, it would be substantial for the nurse to achieve a wider understanding of dietary response and its application to the different areas of the nursing practice. The nurse should perform more research on how to develop dietary intervention as a primary approach to preventing cardiovascular diseases. This would include evaluated past medical treatment procedures that have been used by the other experienced nurses in the clinic. The nurse should ensure that acquired knowledge is accepted and practiced in the hospital if not then the nurse should develop with sufficient evidence a campaign towards the importance of dietary intervention in the prevention of high levels of cholesterol.

With this knowledge, the nurse should attempt to identify the relationship between the dietary response and other methods of preventing cardiovascular diseases. This would include fundamental research of the different results that different patients have achieved. Through this, the nurse will be not only able to understand the efficiency of dietary intervention, but also the right means of implementing dietary intervention procedures. Furthermore, the nurse could utilize this knowledge in improving the institution’s perspective of a healthy diet. A healthy diet consisting of the right amounts of foods, will not only prevent high levels of cholesterol or prevent cardiovascular diseases but also foster a sound generation. The nurse should use the knowledge to develop active campaigns towards healthy eating habits in the society; the nurse could use this knowledge to approach the governing body of the clinic and establish a campaign towards good and healthy eating habits

Research has argued that the process to the risk of cardiovascular diseases begins at the early stages of life. Safe and healthy diet would work in preventing cardiovascular diseases, through the maintenance of healthy levels of cholesterol in the body. This knowledge would also be used to amplify the importance of dietary intervention as opposed to the use of medicine. With this knowledge, the nurse is liable in directing patients to the proper manner of addressing the risk to cardiovascular diseases. The nurse could use this knowledge in developing better treatment regimens to be used at the clinic. These schemes would involve accurately calculated measures that require reasonable means of preventing high levels of cholesterol in the body[ CITATION Cli04 p 43 l 1033 ]. To the patients of an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, the nurse would be able to identify which type of food diet will be sufficient in reducing the total cholesterol level and the lipoprotein levels as well.

The nursing project course allows the nurse to develop critical thinking and decision-making skills, in a clinical setting; the nurse would be able to conclude to important decisions that define the condition of a patient. As a result of the limitations and recommendations made by the research, the nurse will be able to perform better and safer clinical practice to patients.

Conclusion

The significance of a proper diet in preventing high cholesterol levels has been identified as a primary means of preventing the risk to cardiovascular diseases. A diet consisting of low saturated fat and low carbohydrate volumes has been identified to have a reducing effect on the levels of cholesterol. Similarly, different diets such as Semin seed or Mediterranean diet have also proved to have a reducing effect on the degree of cholesterol. One would go further to argue that dietary intervention is a robust approach to preventing cardiovascular diseases, not only does this method control levels of cholesterol in hyperndemic patients but also develops healthy cholesterol levels in people during their early years. Dietary intervention should be a primary approach to preventing cardiovascular diseases.

References

Alipoor. B. Haghighian, M. Sadat. B & Asghari, M. «Effect of Sisemin Seed on Lipid profile and redox status in hypepindemic Patients.» International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition, 2012: 6.

Clifton PM, Keogh JB, Noakes M. «Trans Fatty acids in the Adipose tissue and Food supply are associated with myocardial Infarcation.» Journal of Nutrition, 2004: 874-9.

Estruch, R. Martínez-Gonzále. M, Corella, D. Salas-Salvadó, J & Al,. «Effects of Mediteranean style-Diet on Cardiovscular Risk Factors; A Randomized Trial.» Annals of Internal Medicine, 2006: 1-11.

Faghihnia, N, Mangravite, L, Chiu, S, Bergeron, N & Krauss, R. «Effects of Dietary Saturated Fat on LDL Subclasses and apolipoprotein CIII in men.» European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2012: 1233-1299.

Guasch-Ferré, M, Babio, N, Martínez-González, M, Corella, D, Ros, E, Martín-Peláez, S, Estruch, R, Arós, F, Gómez-Gracia, E, Fiol, M. «Dietary Fat Intake and risk of Cardiovascular Disease and all-cause mortality in a population at high risk of Cardiovascualr Disease.» American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015: 1563-1573.

Metal, Jackosen. «Intake of Ruminant Trans fatty acids and risk or coronary heart Disease.» Journal of Epidemology, 2008: 173-182.

Metal, Raff. «A Diet Rich in Conjugated Linoleic acid and butter increases lipid peroxidation but does affect atherosclerotic, inflammatory or diabetic risk markers in healthy young men. .» Journal of Nutrition, 2008: 508-514.

Motard-Belenger. «Study of the effects of trans fatty acids from ruminants on blood lipids and other factors for Cardiovascular disease.» Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2008: 593-99.

PC, Elwood. «Milk Consumption, Stroke, and heart attack risk: Evidence from the Caerphilly Chort of Older men.» Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2005: 502-505.

T., Vaskonen. «Dietary Minerals and Modification of Cardiovascular risk factors.» Journal of Nutritiona nd Bichemistry, 2003: 492-506.