• Home
  • Other
  • REPORT ON THE REDUCTION OF THE USAGE OF PLASTIC NEEDS

REPORT ON THE REDUCTION OF THE USAGE OF PLASTIC NEEDS Essay Example

  • Category:
    Other
  • Document type:
    Assignment
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    2
  • Words:
    1012

Table of Contents

Introduction 2

Experiment 3

Data collection 3

Data analysis 5

Discussion 6

Conclusion 7

References 8

Report on the Reduction of the usage of plastic products

Introduction

Plastics are found in almost everything in these days. Cars, phones, computers among others are made from plastics. Food, water and other hygiene products are also packaged in plastics. Some plastics are said to be recyclable but the reality is that they are only ‘down cycled’. For instance, there is no way a plastic milk carton can be recycled into another carton but it can only be made into another item of low quality like a plastic lumber which can never be recycled. Plastic wastes end up in water bodies like rivers, oceans and also in landfills and can contribute to devastating problems like the Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch. Awareness campaigns carried out in colleges hoped to achieve a 60 percent drop in the use of non-biodegradable plastic bags, cups and bottles within those colleges (Andrady, 2003).

Experiment

Data collection on the rate of consumption of plastics in four major colleges was undertaken. It was collected before and after the campaign awareness to assess whether the campaigns were successful. Data was collected using face to face interviews where a sample of 50 students per college was used. Participants were selected randomly and interviewed. The same participants were identified with their places of resident and used for the entire three weeks. The students were asked to provide specific data on the number of plastic products (water cups of 160ml, 240ml and 330ml) and plastic bags they used per single day (Andrady, 2003).This was undertaken for a whole week before the awareness campaigns were initiated and repeated for another two weeks after the campaigns.

Data collection

For different colleges, the following data was collected and recorded. The values show the average number of plastic products used by every 50 students in every college visited. For example, on average it was found that the total number of plastic water cups (160ml) used by a total of 50 students in day one of the first week was 15.

plastic product

(Number of used plastic products)

water cup 160 ML

water cup 240 ML

water bottle 330 ML

plastic bags

plastic product

(Number of used plastic products after awareness)

water cup 160 ML

water cup 240 ML

water bottle 330 ML

plastic bags

plastic product

(Number of used plastic products after awareness)

water cup 160 ML

water cup 240 ML

water bottle 330 ML

plastic bags

Data analysis

From the data recorded, the following facts were obtained:

Lack of educating people on the impact of use of plastic materials and lack of exciting. This is evidenced in that by the third week after awareness the targeted reduction rate (60 percent) was not only met but also exceeded (Andrady, 2003).The percentage of plastics dropped by 100% (Fishbein, 1996).Many were not aware of the negative impacts of plastics to the environment and also did not know of any substitute especially for the case of bottles but after the awareness, positive results were evidenced. Many people buy water in plastic bottles just because of ignorance especially the 160 and 240 ml water bottles. However, for the 330ml bottles they claimed that they used them over long distances but through the awareness, they started using edible water blobs and steel bottles as a substitute. Data was represented as below.

Title

Second week after awareness

Title 1

Discussion

From the experiment, the method of face to face created rapport between the panel and the participants, gained their cooperation and this yielded relatively higher response rates. In addition, follow ups on the awareness and its impacts were made possible through exchange of contacts (Chivas, 2011).

One major challenge was that some students were not cooperative and they could not be found within their premises always. To counter this, their mobile phone contacts were used to locate and visit them wherever they were though this was found to be a bit expensive and time consuming. In addition, some could give false information but to solve this issue, honesty was encouraged through an oath.

The sample (50 students) could not be a direct representative of the whole population but to deal with this a campaign program was started by those students who got the information from the awareness and started education the others. Through this, a large population was represented.

The experiment was a success because the desired drop rate of 60 percent was met. However, the project could be expanded in the future by increasing the sample number and covering large geographical areas ( Chiras, 2011).

Conclusion

In week 1, the students used an average range of 18-30 plastic products in a day. For the whole week, an average of 162 products was used in one college. For week 2, the total number reduced to 29. After effective awareness, the number reduced to 0 for week three. The awareness was carried out through educating them on the impacts of plastics to the environment among them causing harm to aquatic animals, when burnt they produce harmful fumes; and also how to involve them in alleviating the impacts by simply avoiding their use and offering substitute products to them. However, for the 330 ml water bottle, some people claimed that it was necessary to use them when travelling over long distances. This is shown in week 2 where the number increased instead of dropping. However, after offering to them substitutes, they stopped using them in the third week. The students were encouraged to use steel bottles and also the edible water blobs. This is a biodegradable, edible water balloon like blob made of two layers of membrane made of calcium chloride. After drinking the water, the membrane can then be eaten

References

Andrady, A. L. (2003). Plastics and the environment. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Chiras, D. (2011). Environmental science. London: Bartlett Publishers.

Fishbein, K. (1996). Garbage and the Green Dot. Diane Publishing Germany,

Sugii, T. (2008). Plastic Bag Reduction: Policies to Reduce Environmental Impact. Michigan: Proquest.