Report on Planning Problem in Sydney’s Chinatown Essay Example

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28REPORT ON PLANNING PROBLEM IN SYDNEY’S CHINATOWN

Report on Planning Problem in Sydney’s Chinatown

Report on Planning Problem in Sydney’s Chinatown

Introduction

The Chinatown in Sydney lies in the southern region of town’s Central business District in Australia. The town, which is between Darling Harbour and Central Station, is the largest Chinatown in the country. The town was initially in the Rocks area of the city before it relocated to the Market Street at Darling Harbour during the late nineteenth century. The Chinatown has several streets with distinct characteristics that make them unique from the rest. It has remained unique because it is relatively safe and hygienic as compared to other Chinatowns in other countries (Chow 1989, 7).

The emergence and growth of the town dates back to hundreds of years when the Chinese immigrated to Australia as indentured labourers and fortune seekers during the gold rush. Since then, the country has experienced massive immigration of Chinese and other Asians. Research indicates that majority of the Chinese immigrants are from Canton and Hong Kong while few others came from mainland China and other places. Precisely, the Chinese migrated in large numbers to Australia when the state introduced White Australia policy in 1901. The policy permitted the influx of other races into the country to serve as labourers in several institutions (Jock Collins and Patrick Kunz 2011, 12).

Earlier, there were a large number of non-Australians who entered the country following the discovery of gold. The discovery, made in 1851 attracted the attention of many people around the globe who quickly moved in to seek fortune from digging the precious metal. Statistics indicate that there were approximately forty thousand Chinese men and over nine thousand women who moved into the gold mines around 1871. It was then that the population of Chinese increased with time. The number increased tremendously and in 1990s and today, there are many Chinese in the country consisting of over a third of the immigrants (C. 2009, 8).

Chinatown forms an essential part of the Chinese heritage and history (Mobilereference 2007, 7). The great assembling together of the group of people indicates their nostalgic desires and a sense to protect the culture. The experiences of Diaspora have forced the Indians to create a home away from home while keeping to the regulations of the host country. Traditionally, Chinatown has consisted of numerous immigrant family households. The trend has changed but the solidarity of the Asians has remained original, much like in the past. Consequently, Chinatown in Sydney as well as in other place like Melbourne and Boston have continued to exhibit close similarities in the cultural practices and especially the architectural design of the town and its buildings.

Even though there are changes in demographics, the land use survey reveals that all Chinatowns are residential in nature and also has mixed commercial habit that the immigrants like to associate (Erie 2006, 52). There are condominiums, hotels, restaurants, supermarkets, bakeries and other businesses located in certain areas that housed low-income immigrants. Predominantly, the common businesses associated with the Chinese are in the food industry where the community upholds their Asian cuisine. At the same time, there are various stores selling Chinese clothing and shoes to meet the cultural requirements of the Asian fashions.

The Chinatown faces a challenge of space with reports indicating that there are few industrial spaces for the food, clothing and other industries. The amount of open space is negligible since, most of the available areas have served as residential areas. Despite the challenges, Chinese continue to migrate to Australia’s Chinatown. The residents connect with friends and relatives to enter the town and seek a living. There are several opportunities within the town where the Chinese secure positions that enable them to foster their stay in the place. Through such factors, the town has become a convenient migration destination to the Asians, especially the Chinese.

Today, Chinese much like other races, migrate to several destinations to pursue different interests. China has recorded a high rate of technological advancement in the recent past, a step that has seen many Chinese migrate to other countries to further the advancements. The country has a large number of competent engineers that have moved to several other countries to serve as road constructors and industry workers among other duties demanding their expertise (Alderman 2013, 5).

The report explores the urban design of the Chinatown in Sydney and discusses the challenges associated with it. In this report, the researcher looks at the criteria used to locate the town and the challenges that the residents faces. In addition, the report will discuss the recommendations that the town management should execute in order to ensure that there is improvement in the appearance and the services that the town offers. Significantly, the report will also underscore the recommended literature review materials that the interested persons can further access additional information about Chinatown. There is need for the researchers and other interested persons to also note that there are other Chinatowns in many other countries including the United States of America. Therefore, the recommended readings will also suggest a comparative study of the towns occupied by Asians of Chinese origin.

Pictorial Presentation of Chinatown

Report on Planning Problem in Sydney’s Chinatown

Figure 1: Bird’s eye-view of Sydney’s Chinatown

Report on Planning Problem in Sydney’s Chinatown 1

Figure 2: The map of Sydney’s Chinatown

Report on Planning Problem in Sydney’s Chinatown 2

Figure 3: Another map of Sydney’s Chinatown

Report on Planning Problem in Sydney’s Chinatown 3

Figure 4: A photo showing a section of Chinatown

Statement of the Problem

Chinatown has continued to experience challenges related to urban design due to the lack of adequate space for development of assets and recreational facilities. Chinatown has limited space as compared to other towns in Australia, a matter that necessitates precise planning to accommodate many facilities that the residents need. The report seeks to disclose the problems in the urban design and recommends some solutions. In addition, it discusses the effects of the problems that the urban design has caused. Moreover, the researcher endeavors to discuss the relationship between the design and the culture of the town residents.

Research indicates that the future of Chinatown is uncertain due to the limiting factor of space. The streets are congested and the authorities have ill considerations to the needs of pedestrians and cyclists. Additionally, there is a security problem owing to the nature of the environment that does not consider such an aspect. In the report, the researcher acknowledges the presence of many problems in the town and explains the causes and their effects while suggesting solutions. Precisely, solving the space problem through proper utilization of the available area will lead to a better Chinatown in Sydney.

Methodology

The report relies on research that involves close reading and analysis of the relevant materials available in libraries. The researcher conducts a comparative analogy between the researches that other scholars have conducted in the past and uses the factual details to discuss the issue under study. Owing to the wide variety of choices, both in the print library and in the internet, the researcher has a conviction that the report will conclusively provide adequate information on the problem under discussion and justified recommendations that can assist in the improvement of Sydney’s Chinatown. In essence, the researcher collects data concerning the topic before organizing them for analysis. The data includes information regarding various streets of Chinatown and the discussion that the scholars explain.

Literature Review

Simone Shu-Yeng Chung in his thesis, The Study of Chinatown as an Urban Artifice and Its Impact on the Chinese Community in London has explored how the culture of the Chinese people manifests itself through the urban artifice. The researcher has explained how Chinatown has impacted on the Asians in London who have continued to uphold to the traditions of the Chinese despite their presence in Diaspora.

The thesis offers a platform for the discussion on the effects of the development of a unique culture among the Chinese who have refused to become assimilated to the western world. At the same time, it introduces a discussion on the effects of separation of Chinese from the rest of the society. In the case, the researcher discusses the challenges related to urban design that this report discusses. However, the thesis does not focus on Sydney’s Chinatown but London. The report looks into the perspective of Sydney’s Chinatown and on the problems related to urban design.

Kay Anderson’s ‘Chinatown Re-oriented’: A Critical Analysis of the Recent Redevelopment Schemes in a Melbourne and Sydney Enclaver analyses the development schemes of the town by the Australian government since the 1970s. The paper acknowledges the positive role that Australia has played in ensuring that minority communities in the country have a place to live in the state. The paper also explores the Australian management strategy that encouraged assimilation of the Chinese people into the culture of the country.

In essence, the paper discusses how the policies in the state ensured that there was an encouragement of multiculturalism. Comparatively, the researcher explains that there are distinctions and similarities between Chinatown in Australia and those that are found in other countries. The paper places under scrutiny projects that the state has implemented to correct the injustices that the Chinese have experienced in the past. It explains that the reasons why the Chinese were perceived as the “other” resulted from competition for dominance in the region. Kay concludes by exploring the significance of the multicultural identity of the people in Australia in relation to the Chinatown.

The paper will help the report in providing historical details about the Chinatown especially on the concept of race as a determinant in the emergence of the town. The report will use Kay’s arguments to discuss the uniqueness of the town while also supplementing on the reasons for its location in Australia. Essentially, the researcher also substantiates why the Chinese community have continued to enjoy their stay in the country despite their differences from other races. Kay further makes a comparative analogy of Chinatowns in Melbourne, Sydney and others in the United States. Hence, the report finds it relevant to its study on the problems of urban design of Chinatown.

However, the paper does not discuss on the problems related to urban design that the report seeks to explore. The loophole that exists in the paper is what the report aims at filling by researching on the matter. The report shows how the design reflects the ideologies of the Chinese and the symbolic significance of its location and congestion among other factors. Therefore, the report underscores how the Chinatowns continue to exhibit the struggles of the minor races against the repressive ideologies posed by their host countries.

Jock Collins and Patrick Kunz’s Ethnicity and Public Space in the City:Ethnic Precincts in Sydney have explored the creation of Chinatown due to the racial factor. According to the scholars, Chinatown symbolizes the racial identity and ideologies of the residents. They state that people of the same racial identity have clustered to engage in business as they display their ethnic iconography. The paper further shows how the connection between people came into existence through the creation of links that led to increase in the number of Asians in the town. The scholars explain that there is a commoditization of the culture and people in the creation of Chinatown. They argue that there are several entrepreneurs who have hampered the development of Chinatown to ease congestion. In their study, Collins and Kunz explain that there is need to devise policies that will ensure that the problem of congestion comes to an end.

The paper is crucial to the report because it offers the historical analysis of how the town came into existence. At the same time, the paper underlines that race played a significant role in the development of the urban setting. Additionally, it explores the concept of commoditization of culture and by extension show how the commercial packaging of Chinatown has led to problems related to space creation. In essence, the paper will add to the knowledge on the relationship between race and Chinatown and how the aspect has led to allocation of small space for the development of an Asian space.

On the contrary, the paper does not indicate the key areas where there are congestions in the city. The report seeks to fill the gap and provide recommendations on what the people should do to make transformative changes. The paper does not also give a precise explanation of how other races have contributed to the congestion in Chinatown.

Spackman Mossop Michaels’ Chinatown
Public Domain Planr offers a suggestion on the proposed plan that the town should establish in order to solve the problem of congestion. It looks into the precise areas that need improvement in order for the town to meet the increasing demand associated with population explosion. The researcher starts by discussing the general layout of the town before criticizing the failures that have introduced congestion problems in the urban setting. The researcher identifies the pedestrian sites, the business sites and other places where the designers compromised in their work. Michaels states that there was no consideration on the population increase in Chinatown when the constructors made footpaths, public sitting places and other facilities.

The scholar does not trace the genesis of Chinatown from the racial perspective like the aforementioned scholars. He limits himself to the current challenges that Chinatown faces and recommends solutions for the problems. In his research, he does not explain that the Chinese had limited space because of the discriminatory nature of the whites in Australia. Hence the report uses the paper to explore the congestion problem that is in Chinatown. Since the paper looks at the specific places and the problems therein, the report finds it resourceful in the study.

Causes and Effects

Research indicates that the development of housing in Chinatown aims at maximizing profits instead of the treatment that the people who live there receive. The buildings have little regard to the housing needs of the people, but instead it targets at ensuring that the owners of such infrastructure have capitalistic interests attained through exaggeration of the costs of rents and services offered in some business facilities. Despite the fact that community living in the place has similar racial identity, the quest for exploitation among the business class seems inevitable. Researchers have indicated that within the segregated town of Chinatown, there are sub-segregations where the distinction between the have and the have-nots are evident. There are some sections of the town where the cost of living is extremely high as compared to others (Wong & Tan 2013, 12).

Urban planners have considered the requirements of the neighborhoods and yet differences continue to emerge concerning the subject of equality. While the neighborhoods seem to celebrate the proud culture of Chinatown, the residents who make the town engage in their own tussles as capitalism threatens to break them apart. Reports indicate that the municipal council has played a role of destabilizing the Chinatown and its neighborhoods (Wong & Tan 2013, 12).

In 1975, Alderman Briger, the Chairman of the City Planning Committee faced minor resistance concerning the upgrading of the Chinatown. There were varied opinions about from the Dixon street business community who felt that the town did not require any changes that the government wanted to introduce. However, a proposal to build an Asian village out of a town won the support of the state cabinet in 1975. The mission became unsuccessful following disagreements among the Chinatown business community who wanted to maintain the status quo. The internal struggles to represent Chinatown lied in Briger who felt that a singular Chinese cultural identity could become practical in the Dixon street area (Anderson 2010, 2o).

Determinately, Briger proposed that Dixon Street should become a pedestrian mall in order to give an impression of the Chinese culture in the town. The proposal by the chairman showed the challenge of space in the town and the need to expand in order to ensure that all the needs of the people come to fruition. His team of Dixon Planning team suggested that the municipal should construct a traditional Chinese ceremonial archway along Dixon Street next to Factory Street. In addition, the team argued that there was a need to increase the lighting in order to boost security in the region (Anderson 2010, 20).

When plans to have Dixon Street converted into a pedestrian road failed, the street became expensive to purchase following changes to the immigration regulations. The street became a lucrative centre for businesses which included supermarkets, restaurants, gift stores and Chinese Cinema. The transformation was also part of the plans earlier proposed by Briger to have the place as a “entertainment and tourism sector.” Since then, plans to sacrifice the street for the expansion of the pedestrian needs have become elusive with no possibility of initiating such changes in future (Anderson 2010, 21).

Research indicates that the design objective referred to as streetscaping that the municipal council approved in June 1979, was aimed at providing Dixon Street ‘a distinctive Chinese character.’ According to the plan, the objectives were likely to work through ornamental paving, telephones, pagodas, planter boxes, red and green paint and archways among other features. The plans reflected the desires of Briger who claimed that the culture of the people deserves respect and recognizable identity. As a result, the building committee approved $45,000 for the implementation of the project. Hence the area later developed into a romantic image that appealed the ancient travelers to China. The effect became possible through the use of symbols that showed that there were people of Chinese origin in Australia. The symbols included statues and architectural designs used that many people identified as Chinese (Spackman 2010, 10).

Evidently, the ideology of race shaped the creation of Chinatown. There was a link between neighborhood policy and race in the Sydney Chinatown. There were assumptions held by planners and politicians about creating a separate Chinese race and environment and consequently led to spatial manifestations of white constructs and practices towards the Chinese. Both races wanted to exhibit uniqueness in their own way. The Chinese felt that there was a need for them to group themselves and create their own home within Australia. Hence, they enjoyed the benefits that the municipal offered in their Diaspora construction.

The design of the Chinatown shows that it embeds culture and tradition. The east-west roads that are in Goulburn and Hay streets divide the town into three parts that include an urban core. The area is predominantly reflecting the social and cultural heart of the town. The place is often congested and reflects the crisis of space in Chinatown, particularly in Dixon and Sussex Streets. There is also the Chinatown north, an area located between Hay Street and railway square. The place also constitutes Paddy’s Market and Market city that attracts the attention of tourists. The area adjacent to the south of Ultimo road has less active public domain even though there are some other businesses in the place ((Spackman 2010, 10).

The issue of having pedestrian spine in the town is crucial. George street forms a north-south pedestrian way and provides the major points of access into the town from the east. Similarly, at the western edge, there is the Harbour Street that separates the town from Darling Harbour while the Liverpool street pedestrian bridge offers a route between Chinatown and Darling harbor. The footpath of Paddy’s market prevents access from the east and south forcing the Ultimo road to connect Ultimo and the town. At the same time, in the southern part, there is the Quay Street that forms the eastern edge of the town and gives access between the Railway square and the Entertainment Centre. Even though there is easy access to Chinatown along George Street, there is a necessity to boost the quality of the pedestrian connections from the western part along Quay Street (Kaplan & Li 2006, 10).

The operation of the arcades is underutilized since there is little appearance in the town. The arcades form an essential part of the town because they create an important connection for the pedestrians and boost the town’s visibility. Arcades connect George Street, Sussex and Dixon streets in the north of Hay Street. However, there is a need to heighten the legibility of the arcades so that their usage increases as part of pedestrian network. Arcades are crucial in solving the problem of congestion that limits permeability of the people into the town. There is need to note that with the improvement of arcades in Chinatown, the accessibility of various sites of the urban area is likely to improve.

Research indicates that Chinatown has the highest number of pedestrians. The large amount of pedestrians has become a defining characteristic among the Asians. Studies illustrate that there was a great concentration of pedestrians in Chinatown near the Hay, Sussex and Thomas Street. The statistics of 2009 indicates that the pedestrian space serves over two thousand people over the weekend peak hour. The small number of footpaths has led to congested footpaths that often lead to interference of free movement. Between Goulburn and Sussex Streets, there are narrow footpaths and so is the case between Thomas Street and Ultimo Road (Giese 2005, 24).

At the Dixon Street pedestrian mall, there is also congestion especially during weekends when there is lots of movements. At the Paddy’s market, there is also congestion at the intersection around Hay Street, Market City and the areas around the places. Consequently, there is a need to address the congestion problem in the streets, especially at the major intersections. To address the congestion, the responsible persons should ensure that they develop alternative ways that allows free movement of people within the city. The solutions include the creation of additional pedestrian ways and the widening of the existing ones (Giese 2005, 24).

Significantly, there is shortage of public gathering sitting in Chinatown. There are only two places in Chinatown that offers space for public sitting. They are: Dixon Street mall and the small plaza space that is situated at the northern end of Dixon Street. The problem attributes to the competition for space to develop structures that provide business opportunities. Studies indicate that the idea o creating public spaces has become unsuccessful because of the opposition from the business community in Chinatown. The two available places have led to congestion of people who are taking breaks from their works and others who are engaged in leisure activities (Kaplan & Li 2006, 12).

At the centre of Chinatown, there is a small public space where programmed activities take place. The space offers a ground for the New Year festival and causes congestion due to the small space. Residents find it hard to engage in the activities due to the lack of space for parking cars and where people can stay to participate in the annual event. At the same time, congestions are evident during the weekends and during night markets. Therefore, there is need to create space to provide relieve to the congestion on the Dixon street mall.

The lighting of the town also requires attention. There are several places that are dark because of tall trees preventing light from penetrating and also due to the limited number of street lights in the place. The absence of adequate lighting makes the travelers feel insecure since the chances of getting attacked by thieves is high. However, while seeking to provide improved lighting to the town, there is need to note that too much lighting may result in destruction of the urban character of Chinatown. Hence, lighting should correspond to the security concerns while maintaining the character of the place through the use of decorative lighting.

Chinatown also encounters the problem of congestion in the housing. The limited number of houses does not meet the increasing population in the urban area. The problem has gotten worse after the businessmen introduced luxury apartments that exclude the low-income earning population. As a result, many poor Chinese have inevitably occupied low-income houses that have limited facilities. The limited space also in the urban setting prevents further expansion of housing to meet the demands of the Chinese and other residents. The architectural designs used in the past also inhibited the construction of large storeys to meet future demands.

Moreover, Chinatown has limited industrial spaces. The industries operate in areas far from the urban area. The garment manufacturing industries among other factories conduct their businesses in places that the authorities have located away from the people. As a result, many Chinese do not have access to industry jobs. In addition, it has become hard for them to acquire Chinese garments from the industries since they concentrate on other clothing of the other races. The few garments that meet the Chinese requirements are sold at exorbitant prices (Haskell & Callanan, 1996, 21).

Chinatown also experiences parking problem due to lack of space in many streets. The motorists have a challenge of securing a place to park their vehicles since the structures that the developers have put in place have ensured that all the available space serves commercial interests. Consequently, the car parks have become unnecessary occupiers of space and hence circumstances often force the motorists to park their cars in places that are not safe. For example, one can park a car in more than five hundred meters from the location where he has some duties to perform. In the end, the car might get stolen or damaged. Similarly, motorcycle and bicycle riders experience the same predicament. The bike riders do not have bike racks where they can securely leave their bikes in order to do some shopping or any other business. Some might get tempted to lock their bikes onto trees or doors of some shops, contrary to the regulations. Other who risks the parking lose their bikes to thieves (ZhouU 1992, 21).

Due to the increasing number of people in Chinatown, there is high garbage production. The inadequate space within the town has seen that there are few garbage bins for people to throw their wastes. As a result, the town has become dump from the rotting materials that sometimes residents drop them in undesired places. The speed at which the garbage collects is also high due to the large population of residents. The garbage bins get full before the time of the collection and deposit at dumpsite. The factor has led to increased diseases in the town that result from poor hygiene. Sussex Street, for example, has become known for producing the largest volume of garbage in a day due to the congestion in the place (The Prince’s Foundation for the Built Environment 2008, 4)..

Due to the population that produces high level of waste in the town, there is poor air circulation. The streets have become dump since the level of waste decomposition and other wastes produced by the residents, the cases of lung infections have increased. Medical reports have indicated that the matter is getting worse especially since congestion is increasing as the space within the streets becomes minimal. The consumption of food products that the business vendors sell along the streets and in some eateries has encouraged the dumping of waste within the streets since the buyers do not take their purchases home. The rotting matter leads to emission of some odours that are unpleasant. Visitors have argued that many Chinatowns in various countries have bad odour due to the congestion in the streets. Despite efforts to collect the wastes in one point in several streets, the situation has not improved (City of Vancouver Council 2011, 4).

The residents and visitors have also complained about the inadequate sitting spaces in the streets (Freestone, Butler-Bowdon & Randolph 2006, 33). The streets do not have enough seats to meet the increasing number of people who take rests outside shops instead of going to the open spaces. The authorities constructed the eats in the past when the population was still scarce but have forgotten to make adjustments as the population became dense. As a result, there are many people fund squeezing over small spaces that are available. The habit has made many residents and visitors to express detest at the manner in which the local authorities do not address the problem. The seats are also very old and some are uncomfortable to use. In addition, there are some seats that are untidy owing to the irregular cleaning done to them.

During mealtimes, visitors and residents have complained that there are inadequate sitting spaces in the eateries (Freestone, Butler-Bowdon & Randolph 2006, 32). The eateries have small space because the population has increased over time. Therefore, the competition for a sitting place in restaurants and other eating has resulted in uncomfortable dining. The eateries have squeezed the available space in order to accommodate the increasing number of clients. The situation has led to uncomfortable eating since client keep interrupting each other as they make movements and pass some spices across each other on the table. Research indicates that the situation is common in all the streets in Chinatown except in the expensive and luxurious restaurants that majority of the residents do not afford.

Proposed Solutions

First, there is a need to improve the Low-Income Housing in Chinatown. Research indicates that there are houses that do not have adequate facilities like reliable electricity and water. The government through the municipal council subsidizes the houses but does not ensure they improve the quality of the services therein. At the same time, they should reduce costs in order to make many residents access the buildings and live comfortably. The government should initiate policies that ensure that there is affordable housing instead of luxurious apartments that compels people to congest in other houses (Shu-Yeng 2008, 17). The policies should ensure that the landlords do not arbitrarily increase the prices of the houses. At the same time, it should ensure that zoning does not occur since the exercise often leads to segregation of the people based on their income (Kaplan & Li 2006, 14).

In order to solve the problem of market rate luxury emergence, there is a need to establish strategies that ensures it strengthens the low income and public housing. The government should encourage advocacy and funding aimed at building more low-income units and other units. The government should restrict the construction activities of the developers who take advantage of the increasing demands to build luxury houses that majority of the residents cannot afford. Through the prohibitive policies, the government ensures that the interests of the low-income families get protected from the threat of exploitation. There is also a necessity for the government to ensure that developers support public housing through a contribution into a fund or by setting aside a number of units that the residents can afford.

Second, the government should support the creation of open/green spaces (Anderson 2010, 21). There is inadequate open space in Chinatown and residents need such spaces for relaxation. As mentioned earlier, Chinatown has only two open spaces that are inadequate for the large population. The open spaces offer extension of living rooms because the apartments have become congested. The spaces also are the avenue where the residents can take fresh air away from the crowded parts of the urban setting. The working class needs a place where they can break away from the monotony of labor during breaks. Therefore, the government ought to consider developing strategies that will ensure that there are more open spaces in the town. It seems that the government will have to demolish some of the structures that the developers have set up in places that should serve as public arenas.

Third, the government should improve the lighting in the streets so that security improves. The residents have raised concern that the level of security has reduced due to inadequate lighting in some areas of the Chinatown. The designers should put up colorful lighting in all the streets throughout Chinatown. The colorful lighting will ensure that the beauty of the town remains high while security too improves. The Chinese decorated lightings will give the town an urban character that appeals to the eye. The people in charge of lighting should ensure that there is no excess lighting of the place that can ruin the aesthetic nature of Chinatown. Also, the authorities should ensure that there is trimming of trees to permeate more light during the day. Trees that are next to buildings show have little foliage in order to allow light to seep to the ground (Spackman 2010, 13).

Fourth, the authorities should increase the space for the pedestrians. There is lots of congestion in Chinatown because there are few footpaths which hence forces people to squeeze in the available ones. Considering that walking and cycling is part of the Chinese characteristic, there is a need to develop the pedestrian lanes so that congestion becomes minimal. The government should establish more pedestrian ways in Sussex, Darling Harbour, Quay Street and other streets within Chinatown. It seems that there was little consideration on the growing population of the Chinese when the designers and developers created Chinatown. It is crucial to remove angled parking and increase the width of the footpath on the side facing the west at Quay Street. The place is between Thomas Street and Ultimo Road. In replacement, the authorities should establish parallel parking in order to ease congestion (The Prince’s Foundation for the Built Environment 2008, 5).

The creation of pedestrian mall in Hay Street would facilitate pedestrian connectivity between the town and the areas to the south. The street will also ease pedestrian movement between the powerhouse Museum and Bellmore Park. Development of pedestrian lanes along Thomas Street and Quay Street would add to the north-south pedestrian movement between Sussex Street and Dixon Street. The authorities should also ensure that all other streets have spacious pedestrian lanes since movement should become easy to everyone. The consideration should not only lie on the motorists since the nature of Chinese indicate that they prefer walking to riding in cars.

Fifth, the authorities should create space for industries in order to Chinese industries to flourish. The industries will manufacture Chinese products that the locals can afford. Additionally, the setting up of industries within Chinatown will offer job opportunities to many residents, especially the low income earners who live in poor housing. The industries will also ensure that other service-offering buildings are in place to promote business in the place. The industries will also necessitate the development of better roads and footpaths in Chinatown. Research indicates that the creation of industries in many towns has resulted in the better growth of the infrastructure and trade.

Sixth, the authorities should address the issue of parking problem by creating spaces for cars and bikes (ZhouU 1992, 29). Tall buildings should have its basement constituting the car parks. The buildings which do not have basements should set aside its ground floor for parking services to its clients. The authorities should also ensure that there are bike racks that the rides can securely keep their bikes when doing shopping or working. By addressing the parking problem, the municipal council would curb cases of theft and damage of private property. The congestion that arises in some places as drivers compete for parking space would also come to an end. Cases of theft are also like to reduce since the parking will become secure for the motorists.

There is also need to allow outside catering in order to ease congestion at the eating places (Local Government Commission Seifel Consulting Inc 2011, 9). The outside catering should not, however, interfere with the traffic flow and the movement of pedestrians. Due to the increasing demand for space in many affordable eating places, the introduction of open space for serving food will ensure that the problems associated with overcrowding become minimal. Outside catering would promote healthy eating since the customers would not compete for space. Alternatively, the authorities should ensure that land developers establish spacious eateries that can accommodate many persons. The authorities can also regulate the classification of eateries in order to ensure that there is no seclusion of low income earners who also want to access such eating places (District of Columbia Office of Planning 2011, 12).

As a way of reducing the competition for seats along selected sites of the streets, the authorities should increase the number of seats to meet the demand. The population has increased in Chinatown such that many facilities are inadequate for the use by the public. The number of seats usually does not accommodate the large number of residents and visitors within the town. To solve the problem, the municipal should increase the sizes and number of seats so that it can allow many people to relax on them. The issue is even more serious since there are few alternatives left for the residents and visitors. The open spaces that should have served as another option are few and located far from the shops. If the municipal would increase the number, it means that the congestion in eateries might also reduce since there are some persons who opt to buy drinks and relax there for a long time instead of paving way for other customers (City of Vancouver Council 2011, 6).

To ease the dampness that results from the arbitrary dumping of waste within the streets, the relevant authorities should increase the number of garbage bins within the streets. Furthermore, the authorities should also isolate the industrial dumpsite from the domestic one. There is also a need to collect the waste as early as possible in order to avoid decomposition from taking place within the streets. Research shows that the cases of poor waste disposal has occurred in most of the streets due to the congestion reported. The location of garbage bins at far ranges making the residents to dump waste at places that the authorities cannot see them. Hence, the authorities should provide more bins in all the streets so that maximum waste collection becomes successful. On the other hand, the municipal should encourage the planting of many trees around the street so that they can assist in promoting purification of air. The planting of trees ensures that there is improved ventilation through utilization of carbon dioxide during photosynthesis. The trees also produce oxygen during the process, a gas that human beings and animals require (CODA Studio 2012, 12).

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