Report for group presentation
Rероrt Fоr Grоuр Рrеsеntаtiоn3
Rероrt Fоr Grоuр Рrеsеntаtiоn
Approaches used in self-management of people with asthma as outlined in the national chronic diseases strategy.
Asthma is a chronic disease that requires active self-management and care by the healthcare personnel. Purposely, this study will increase community awareness and understanding of asthma, its aggravating factors, risk factors, short term and long term management, leading to better collaboration with healthcare providers (LeMone and Burke, 2000). Comprehensive understanding about asthma will be ensuring on its cost to the community. Besides, it will support the patient actions and self-management by providing essential information on the approaches that can be used to manage the condition successfully. There will be continuity in management and care of asthma by the establishment of sustainable referral, admission and discharge guidelines in the healthcare system. The study will improve integration of patient care by increasing the effectiveness of communication between medics and asthma patients, the barriers and remedy to effective communication are identified. The study will lead to the establishment of care and management models for the asthmatic population groups.
The Australian Health Ministers’ agreed to develop a national strategic plan to prevent chronic diseases and provision of care in the Australian population. These diseases include asthma, diabetes, cancer cardiovascular and musculoskeletal diseases. The national guideline has two fundamental principles and four action areas that reflect the overall theme of disease prevention and care. These action areas are primary prevention, early diagnosis, and early management, integration and sustainability in prevention, care and personal-Management (Queensland, 2013). The main aims of the strategy are to provide guidance to the interested parties in management and care of asthmatic patients at local and national. Through research, an evidence-based approach in the development of guidelines was initiated leading to the establishment of the national guidelines for the treatment of asthma in the country. It advocates for primary care and provision of education to citizens about the disease to enable its main focus of self-management of people with asthma.
The self-management focus involves the active participation of people in their personal healthcare through health promotion and reduction of risks, empowerment to make better judgments and decisions about their health, management and how to collaborate with health care providers for best outcomes. In order for this to be achieved, the strategic action plan aims at; first, focusing on the population with asthma while addressing their needs to facilitate understanding of asthma in the community. This consequently results in the diagnosis of undiagnosed cases and improvement in the poorly managed cases, secondly building on their knowledge about management and care of asthma through avoidance of triggers and adherence to medications, self-monitoring, the establishment of follow-up procedures after discharge and the relationships between asthma and other respiratory diseases. Thirdly, is by the maintenance of collaborative approach through working with healthcare personnel so that the patients can manage the condition on their own. Working with the existent bodies and maintenance of joint approach to set future priorities that comprise of use of other care models such as involvement of asthma trained personnel in the management of patients, establishing asthma education and specialized educators and improving the workforce capacity of those specifically trained to address asthma (Waldron, 2012).
Best practice approaches and implications
By raising awareness across the population on self-managements as part of the best practice implementation, there are several expected outcomes and implications.There will be increased understanding by the community about asthma as a chronic disease. To achieve this, there is a need for collaboration by health careagencies in the promotion of activities that raise detailed comprehension of asthma, triggers, risks and its association with smoking. The nursing management and workload will be markedly reduced in asthma patients
There will be increased instances of diagnosis of undiagnosed cases which can be achieved through community campaigns that create awareness on the signs and symptoms of the disease and development through investment in the tools that useful in the community diagnosis of asthma and other respiratory diseases. Provision of nursing services in the community will be more effective in meeting the client needs through this.
There will be a rise in the client participation in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of the healthy strategies and service delivery. This is mainly through the involvement of patients with asthma and other organizations involved in the care. It can equally be achieved by an increase in consumer-based research on best practices of self-management. The research has a positive impact in widening the nursing knowledge that can be useful to the community (Freedman, Rosenberg, & Divino, 2012).
There will be a better understanding of the implications of improved management of asthma in health, quality of life and cost. Besides, enhanced communication between the healthcare team and their clients to meet their needs and promote better outcomes in the population. The access to professional care of the patients will be improved, and understanding of the factors associated with the best outcome of persons with asthma .the strategic plan will lead to increased government investment in healthcare consequently leading to reduced mortality rated. Improved communication in the nursing profession often leads to better patient outcomes hence the strategy will improve the patient care.
In conclusion, the strategies outlined aim at reaching and educating having asthma in collaboration with health care workers to enable them effectively manage their condition. They have a positive impact on the nursing profession through the expected outcomes in the community (Queensland health, 2008).
LeMone P and Burke K (2000). Medical – Surgical Nursing. Critical Thinking in Client Care. 2nd edition. Prentice Hall Health, USA
WALDRON, J. (2012). Asthma care in the community. Chichester, England, J. Wiley & Sons.
FREEDMAN, M. R., ROSENBERG, S. J., & DIVINO, C. L. (2012). Living well with asthma. New York, Guilford Press.
NATIONAL ASTHMA CAMPAIGN (AUSTRALIA), AUSTRALIA, & SUPPORT AND EVAUATION RESOURCE UNIT IN PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH PROMOTION. (2013). Health outcomes for asthma in Australian primary care: a guide for Divisions of General Practice developing and implementing strategic plans in Asthma care. Australia.
QUEENSLAND HEALTH. (2008). Strategic directions for chronic disease prevention 2008-2013. Brisbane, Queensland Health.
QUEENSLAND. (2013). Strategic planning documents 2008-2009]. Brisbane, Qld, Queensland Health.