Prons and cons of tourism industry
WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT ESSAY – Part2
Essay Outline& Reference List
You are required to submit an essay outline and a reference list.
1. Essay Outline
Use the essay outline proforma on the following page (also available on Moodle). Remember that your outline should include in-text references where possible. You must include a full thesis statement and topic sentences for body paragraphs, but dot points are sufficient for supporting points.
2. Reference list
* Please ensure that you use the APA system of referencing.
Compile a reference list for the sources you intend to use for your research essay.
Please refer to the following information to help you.
a. Acknowledging sources in Academic Writing from the appendix section of the unit materials book.
b. The UC Guide to Referencing – Free downloads available from the UC Library website.
c. The essay outlineproforma on the following pages.
d. Patterns of Assignment Organisation – handout on Moodle in the Research Essay Resource Folder.
PLANNING AN ESSAY
Essay Title: ________________________________________________________________________
Planning the introduction
What is the topic or main theme of the essay?
Positive and Negative effects of Tourism industry andImpacts to the country.
What questions to you need to answer?
How does tourism industry benefit the country? And how does it cause economic benefits?
Would there be any environmental impact of the growth of the tourism industry? How?
What are the positives and negatives about tourism industry?
Does the benefit of tourism outweigh the negatives?
What are your answers?
Regarding economic benefits, tourism generates greater employment opportunities, leads to better infrastructural development, and enables a country to generate revenues and provide access to international markets.
It has environment impact t as it leads to the extinction of species, and accelerates current water problems.
Regarding negative effects, tourism leads to commoditization of local cultures and cultural clash.___________________________________________________________________________
Essay Map… (Outlining the three main points of your essay in the order they will appear in your essay) _
Thesis Statement… (Stating the main argument/purpose of your essay)
Therefore, it will be argued that the tourism industry has both beneficial and detrimental impact. While tourism industry brings in many economic benefits to a country such as greater economic development, it is also associated with encouraging such us air pollution, and water consumption. Therefore, to expand the tourism industry, the government should pay more attention on protecting the ecosystem and resolving the environmental problems_____________________________________________________________
Topic Sentence: Tourism benefits a country as it lead to economic development through provision of employment opportunities, generation revenues and advancing access to international markets.
Supporting point 1: The tourism industry provides employment opportunities for the residents of a country.
(Evidence) Source (Turner, 2012, p.6). (Reference-author, date, pg no.)
Supporting point 2: _________ The tourism industry improves a country’s access to international markets, improves business relationships through business tourism, and increases trade opportunities.________
(Evidence) Source (Turner, 2012, p.6) (Reference-author, date, pg no.)
Supporting point 3: ______ Tourism is a significant revenue generator and foreign exchange earner for a country.______________
(Evidence) Source (Turner, 2012, p.11,25). (Reference-author, date, pg no.)
There are many environmental impact of the growth of the tourism industry, including leading to extinction of species, infrastructure development, and acceleration current water problems.
Supporting point 1:
Tourism contributes to the extinction of species, whether directly or indirectly, through disturbance of the natural habitat, collection of animals, and buying of plants and animals or trampling.
Source (Gossling, 2002, p.2). (Reference-author, date, pg no.)
Supporting point 2: ___ Tourist infrastructure development, such as building of airports and hotels, has direct effects on the land cover and land use, specifically in the coastal regions.______________________________________________________________
Source (Turner, 2012, p.9). (Reference-author, date, pg no.)
Supporting point 3: _ Tourism tends to accelerate current water problems as tourists shift their water demand to other regions and use significantly more water on a per capita basis than at home. _________________________________________________________
Source (Gossling, 2002, p.2). (Reference-author, date, pg no.)
Tourism has several social effects as it leads to cultural exchange. Still, it leads to negative effectives such as commoditization of local cultures and cultural clash.
Supporting point 1: Tourism encourages cultural exchange between communities, and cultural heritage preservation.
Source (Bennet, 2014, p1). (Reference-author, date, pg no.)
Supporting point 2:
Tourism can lead to commoditization of local cultures, by turning their rituals, arts and ethnic rites into commodities.
Source (United Nations Environment Programme, 2016, p.1). (Reference-author, date, pg no.)
Supporting point 3:
Tourism leads to cultural clash because of differences in religion, cultures, lifestyle and values.
Source (United Nations Environment Programme, 2016, p.1) (Reference-author, date, pg no.)
Therefore, it is clear that tourism has more positive effects as it leads to diversification of economy, and development of infrastructure. It also generates greater employment opportunities, leads to better infrastructural development, and enables a country to generate revenues and provide access to international markets. It also leads to cultural exchange between communities, and cultural heritage preservation. Still, it leads to environmental pollution by contributing to the extinction of species, and accelerates current water problems. Other negative effects include commoditization of local cultures and cultural clash and cultural clash. __________________________________________________________________________________________________. (Thesis)
This has been shown by Gossling (2002) & Bennet (2014) & UNEP (2016) & Turner (2012). .
Bennet, T. (2014). 7 Advantages of tourism in an economy. Retrieved: <https://blog.udemy.com/advantages-of-tourism/>
Gossling, S. (2002). Global environmental consequences of tourism. Global environmental Change, 12(4), 283-302
Turner, R. (2012). The comparative economic impact of travel & tourism. Retrieved: <https://www.wttc.org/-/media/files/reports/benchmark%20reports/the_comparative_economic_impact_of_travel__tourism.pdf>
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). (2016). Negative socio-cultural impacts from tourism. retrieved: <http://www.unep.org/resourceefficiency/Business/SectoralActivities/Tourism/FactsandFiguresaboutTourism/ImpactsofTourism/Socio-CulturalImpacts/NegativeSocio-CulturalImpactsFromTourism/tabid/78781/Default.aspx>