United Nations and Human Rights Essay Example

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The United Nations was established in 1945 after the World War II to maintain international security and peace (Basu, 2004). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights outlines the fundamental freedoms and rights to which all people in the world are entitled. Human rights entail the fundamental freedoms and rights to which all humans are entitled. The objective of UN is promoting regard for human rights. In my opinion, the organisation has attained its objective through establishment of friendly relations among nations and enhancement of social development, improvement of standards of living and human rights. It is evident that UN has assisted member states in attaining standards set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the UN charter (Murphy, 2014). Through utilisation of all its resources including its operational reach, diplomatic creativity and moral authority to protect human rights, the UN has attained several achievements. These achievements include food aid, peacekeeping, aid to refugees, children protection, running elections, women rights, population management and productive health, prosecution of war crimes and fighting of Aids.

Notwithstanding its alleged shortcomings and failures, I believe that the UN has left a permanent mark on almost every major humanitarian, social, economic and political problems. It is undisputable that the charter-based and treaty-based human rights organs have promoted the UN achievements. Assigning different roles to different human rights organs has helped the organisation to attain its objective. For instance, the UNHCR helps refugees, CRC and UNICEF fights for rights of children while CAT fights against torture and degrading punishment of human beings (Holland, 2009). The field operations and activities, technical assistance, education and advice in the area of human rights by UN have promoted peace and harmony in areas affected by armed conflict. For the past 7 decades, the UN had made great contributions to addressing human rights issues in the world. The organisation has played a crucial role in upholding security and peace, in promoting and protecting human rights and in promoting the well-being and welfare of all human beings. Through its peacekeeping, the UN has managed to prevent armed conflicts, develop sustainable peace and provide humanitarian burdens. Nations that have benefitted from UN human rights programme and field operations include Rwanda, Kosovo Sierra Leone, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Botswana and Haiti to mention but a few.

The UN plans to protect people and the planet, and promote prosperity. Although the UN has not been able to prevent wars, the member states should plan to stage an evolution where they can relinquish war as a national policy instrument. Preventing wars is an achievement that the UN should focus on because mass destruction weapons continue to be developed. These weapons can threaten people, peace, planet and prosperity, hence violation of human rights.


Holland, K.(2009). Ethics and human rights in a globalised world: An interdisciplinary and international approach. USA: Mohr Siebeck.

Murphy, R.(2014). Freedom road: An American family saga from Jamestown to World War. UK: AuthorHouse.

Basu, R.(2004). The United Nations: Structure & functions of an international organisation. UK: Sterling Publishers Pvt.Ltd.