Any food processing industry requires a conducive environment for its running. The surrounding environment provide the required raw materials necessary for the running of the industry. The environments also provide potential consumers where the industry gets potential market for their products. The same environment act as appropriate area for the companies and food industries to release their by-products which are effluents during the food processing (Moodie et al.,2013).

As a result, the industries should conserve the environments for their own benefits and for the sake of thriving of the industries. Contrary, several upcoming food processing industries have over-looked environmental conservation and maintenance, and they have ended up destroying them. Environment destruction has been occurring through air, soil and water pollution, displacement of organisms, causing deforestation and awful damp sites (Moodie et al.,2013).


Food processing industries as noted has negative and positive effects on the environments. Negative effects are the most common due to the large number of food processing industries. The following are some of the effects;

Food processing industries have caused high environmental pollution that is air, water and soil pollution. Air pollution occurs as a result of smoke released during processing of the foods. When this smoke is released to the air, it interferes with air composition by adding toxic chemicals which result to air pollution. Water pollution occurs through release of dirty effluents and hot effluents which once emitted into the water bodies, adds toxic materials harmful to the aquatic animals. Hot effluents directly kills the aquatic animals due to the increased temperatures. Soil pollution occurs through release of this effluents into the bare soil, hence adding chemicals that increase soil toxicity hence unconducive for farming activities (Mirabella et al.,2014).

Food processing industries have also caused people and human displacements. Establishment of an industry requires large pieces of land, and this lands are usually inhabited by people and animals hence causing their displacement.

They also cause discomfort among residents due to loud noises during their operations. The loud noises disturbs individuals carrying out their daily activities around the industry. This noises are harmful to the people as they can lead to hearing impairment (Clay J. 2013).

Apart from the negative effects, the food processing industries has positive effects on the surrounding environments. They create job opportunities which benefit the people around them. They also lead to developments like in the infrastructure, power supply, water supply, technology advancement and they provide food to the surrounding people (Moodie et al.,2013).


The negative effects has different solutions depending on the nature of the effect.

Environmental pollution can be solved through treating industrial waste before releasing them to the environment. Some of the waste can be recycled for more use while others can be processed to be used in making other useful materials. Air pollution from the smoke can be protected through fitting HEPER filters in the chimneys which purify the smokes before releasing them.

Human and animal displacement can be solved through advance land planning to ensure the industries are located in scarcely populated areas. They should also be sited in areas with massive lands or those areas requiring rehabilitation like in dry areas.

The discomfort from the loud noises can be solved through moderating the noises emanating from the machines. The machine rooms should be designed in a way that they absorb most of the noise instead of releasing to the environment. Those working in the industries should use ear muffs to protect themselves from the noises (Moodie et al.,2013).


Food processing industries since they have positive and negative effect to the environment, should be at the front line to ensure conducive surrounding environment with less disturbance. They should pass laws to guide the surrounding people and environments from industrial interruptions for good co-existence.


Moodie, R., Stuckler, D., Monteiro, C., Sheron, N., Neal, B., Thamarangsi, T., …& Lancet NCD Action Group. (2013). Profits and pandemics: prevention of harmful effects of tobacco, alcohol, and ultra-processed food and drink industries. The Lancet, 381(9867), 670-679.

Clay, J. (2013). World agriculture and the environment: a commodity-by-commodity guide to impacts and practices. Island Press.

Mirabella, N., Castellani, V., &Sala, S. (2014). Current options for the valorization of food manufacturing waste: a review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 65, 28-41.