Presentation, write a Speech: completing ideologies Essay Example

3COMPETING IDEOLOGIES OF DEMOCRACY, COMMUNISM & FASCISM

Communism is a social organization system in which all property is held in common and ascribed to the state as a whole. Fascism is a system of governance characterized by a dictator having absolute power and as a result suppressing the opposition and any form of criticism. Finally, democracy is a form of governance in which supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them. Ideologists associated with each of the three ideologies would want what they believe in to be dominant. Next we therefore look at how these ideologies work and how and why they compete against each other plus the results of such competition.

Some of the most common features amongst fascist movements include; militarism, a strong emphasis on ultra-nationalism, devotion towards one strong leader and a venerated state. The only way of rejuvenating a state known to fascists is through imperialism, war and political violence. Since time immemorial, fascists have been looking for ways to unify their totalitarian states through devoting themselves to a very strong leader and building the nation on a foundation of fascist principles which are very hostile to communism, socialism and liberal democracy. Fascists are therefore of the notion that strong nations have a right of obtaining land and resources by displacing the weaker nations. Some of the world leaders best known for this form of governance are Benito Mussolini of Italy and Adolf Hitler of Germany who enjoyed undisputed power but faced a lot of resistance and condemnation from the democratic states.

Communism on the other hand is to some extent almost aiming to achieve the opposite of democracy due to its vision of a moneyless, classless and stateless social order, mainly characterized by common ownership of the political, economic and social resources. In the 20th century, the socialist states faced a fierce opposition and rivalry from the capitalist economies. Communist states ran the show in the early 20th century but lost ground to globalization and liberalism towards the 3rd quarter of the 20th century. However it is still popular in the present day in regions such as Central Asia, Russia, Cuba, Laos, Nepal, China and India.Democracy allows the people to develop and formulate their own laws and elect their leaders. Thissystem of governance allows for free and equal political self-determination. Unlike communism, democracy leads to social stratification through the emergence of the political elite. Also unlike fascism, democracy allows the citizens to control their leaders and oust them without the need for a revolution.

Finally, we have seen how the ideologies of democracy, fascism and communism are always competing. The turbulent condition of Europe in the 1st half of the 20th century has been a perfect case study because it was caused to a large extent by the competing nature of these ideologies. During this time, Europe was characterized by political and social conflict, economic crisis and war.

Bibliography

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/fascism-rises-from-the-depths-of-greeces-despair-7712276.html