Practical Assignment — Psychology performance

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Psychological Factors affecting sports performance

Motivation: This is an internal state of the mind and body that sustains, activates, and directs the athlete’s behavior towards succeeding in a set goal(s). The motivation factor can be well studied an observed while watching the athletes who beyond their comfort zone to withstand realm of pains just to ensure they acquire the achievements. For instance when observing a marathon runner who is racing the last two kilometers to the finishing line. The force that keeps the runner pushing ahead is the principle of motivation that gives the athlete the efforts and endurance to the pain in order to complete an activity that calls for higher mental strength.

Stress: Stress is brought about by an increase in adrenaline levels. This is also termed as a response that is not specific performed by the body whenever a demand has been placed. Stress makes the runners feel nausea and shaking hence affecting their performances. Too much noise can be a source of stress. Therefore, the cheering squad should be moderate to avoid imposing stress to the runners who are under pain to ensure that they achieve their goals. Stress also comes if the runner has a lot of desire to win, higher competition pressure, physical pressure, and other social pressures such as those from coaches and parents requiring you to win or else you will make them sad.

Anxiety: This is the process where the psychology is depicted by apprehension of anticipating a particular situation that may be presenting a certain level of threat to the runners in this case. Anxiety is complex and at its apex it can distort the focus, affect the muscle control, and the general body concentration for the runner. Anxiety can be choking at its extreme. Therefore, this factor affects the runner’s negatively leading to a very poor performance.

Question 2.

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Question 3

Practical Assignment - Psychology  performance

Practical Assignment - Psychology  performance 1

Question 4

  1. The presence of the crowd has shown a greater performance from the performed practical results. The performance is very high in all cases compared to when the crowd is absent. The crowd provides cheering and gives the runner the sense of greatness. This motivates the runner psychologically making him to endure more towards achieving the goals. Therefore, the presence of the crowd has a psychological effect on the runners prompting them to do better as seen in the bar chats.

  2. Also, the muscular discomfort can be caused by several factors such as the arousal, stress, and anxiety. These factors are brought up by lack of motivation and self-esteem. Stress is triggered by the pressure from family, relationships, and coaches. The performance is greatly affected at the extremes of the mentioned psychological factors.

  3. The results were clear and irrefutable. The tests were responsive and the results are not biased. The performance cannot have been affected by the procedure for doing the test since every factor was included for better results. The sample size was also considerable weeding out chances of errors and bias.


Bali, A., 2015. Psychological Factors Affecting Sports Performance.

Weinberg, R.S. and Gould, D., 2014. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 6E. Human Kinetics.

Issurin, V.B., 2010. New horizons for the methodology and physiology of training periodization. Sports medicine40(3), pp.189-206.

Greenleaf, C., Gould, D. and Dieffenbach, K., 2001. Factors influencing Olympic performance: interviews with Atlanta and Negano US Olympians.Journal of applied sport psychology13(2), pp.154-184.