Plan-THE EFFECT OF TECHNOLOGY/DEVICES ON ROADSIDE WILDLIFE

  • Category:
    Management
  • Document type:
    Essay
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    2
  • Words:
    928

6THE EFFECT OF TECHNOLOGY ON ROADSIDE WILDLIFE

THE EFFECT OF TECHNOLOGY/DEVICES ON ROADSIDE WILDLIFE

Submission Date

THE EFFECT OF TECHNOLOGY/DEVICES ON ROADSIDE WILDLIFE

Project justification

There is continuous advancements and expansion in technology field globally. This has created demand for space for expansion of technology. Due to issue, technology is now moving into the wildlife environment. This has created technology-wildlife conflict in which wildlife has lost the battle. The type of technology that has expanded to the environment of wildlife is expansion of roads across the wildlife environment and vehicles using these roads (Underhill 8). This technology has led to death of wildlife through collisions and physical injuries that impairs movement of victim animals thus cannot feed properly or escape from danger. Though some technology have been born to reduce the problem of vehicle—wildlife collision on these roads. These include the laser tripwire and radar that are installed on the roadside to signal motorists of an animal close to the road. The effectiveness of laser tripwire and radar detection is still under investigation in several countries including our own (Jackobson 27). Some countries have reported reduction in animal collision in their process of testing for their (laser tripwire and radar) effectiveness. The project will want to prove the effectiveness of these roadside in this country considering the traffic rules in our country (Chen, Y. 2008, 38).

Research objectives

  • To investigate the negative and positive impacts of technology/devices on roadside wildlife

  • To determine the extent or degree of such impacts

  • If negative, to recommend long term solutions to the problem

  • If positive, to recommend ways of improving the technology to make them more effective

Hypotheses

  1. Laser tripwire and radar detection has reduced roadside vehicle-animal collisions.

  2. Motorists are observing the alerts provided by Laser tripwire and radar detection.

  3. Weather has no effect on Laser tripwire and radar.

These are important in achieving the objectives of the study. The first hypothesis will try to investigate the effectiveness of Laser tripwire and radar on the roadside. The hypothesis tries to test if these devices create alerts to motorists in good time to take control measures to avoid collision. This also goes in line with motorists observing the alerts that are brought forth by Laser tripwire and radar. Some motorists may see the alert but ignore and end up hitting an animal on the roadside. This can be measured by observing speed of motorists when an alert is on. To test both hypothesis one and two is to find out the number of collisions recorded at a given time period of research. The effectiveness of these devices in any weather is also going to be measured. The most weather conditions the effectiveness of laser tripwire and radar are going to be measured are when it rains, when it is sunny and when it is cold without sun. This will prove the effectiveness of laser tripwire and radar in any kind of weather and condition weather poses to the devices.

Milestone and tasks

  1. Getting the effects of technology and devices of roadside wildlife. This can be achieved by;

    1. This is achieved through;

      1. Reading from books, articles and related websites.

      2. Roadside experimental study.

      3. Questionnaires to the traffic control personnel.

    2. Write a report

  2. Getting to know the degree of both negative and positive effects of roadside technology and devices.

    1. This is achieved through the following

      1. Roadside research on the topic.

      2. Getting retrospective data from statistics on vehicle-animal collisions from the government.

      3. Reading from books related to the topic concern.

      4. Questionnaires to the traffic control personnel.

    2. Write a report.

  3. Testing effectiveness of laser tripwire and radar at different weather conditions.

    1. Reading from books.

    2. Roadside experiment at different weather conditions.

    3. Writing a report.

Planning for collection of data

The data that are needed are the statistics of vehicle-animal collisions, data from questionnaire as well as research data that will be collected from the roadside study. Data on the statistics of accidents due to animal-vehicle collision are going to be obtained from the government ministry of transport while data from research and questionnaire shall be obtained from the roadside study (field).

Tools for collecting data

  1. Retrospective data shall be obtained by

  • Sharing data from government statistics from printed papers.

  • Reading from secondary sources of information.

  1. To obtain data from questionnaires writing materials will be needed

  • Piece of paper.

  1. Research data from the roadside will be collected through

  • Making observations and recording events on a writing material.

  • Taking photographs of the events using a camera.

  • Taking measurements using measuring instruments like rulers and tape measure.

Data analysis methods.

The above data will be interpreted through qualitative and quantitative data analysis procedures.

Timeline

Milestone/task

  1. Getting the effects of technology and devices of roadside wildlife. This can be achieved by;

1.1 obtaining information from related websites and articles online

1.2 Roadside experimental study

1.3 Questionnaires to the traffic control personnel.

  1. Getting to know the degree of both negative and positive effects of roadside technology and devices.

2.1 Roadside research on the topic.

2.2 Getting retrospective data

2.3 obtaining information from related websites and articles online

2.4 Questionnaires to the traffic control personnel.

  1. Testing effectiveness of laser tripwire and radar at different weather conditions.

3..1 obtaining information from related websites and articles online

3.2 Roadside research

Item/expense

Quantity

Unit cost

Total cost

Tape measure

Transport

REFERENCES

Chen, Y., Hrl Laboratories, Llc, 2008. Vision-based highway overhead structure detection

system. U.S. Patent 7,327,855.

Jackobson, SL. Mitigation Impacts for Highway-Caused Impacts to Birds, n.d. Web 9th Aug 2016.

Underhill, JE. Roads and Wildlife- A Study on the Effects of Roads on Mammals, 2003. Web 9th Aug 2016.