Part of group report about international education of Australia Essay Example

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Strategies And Policy Recommendations For Australia Education Industry 8

Strategies and policy recommendations for Australia education industry

Expansion in the Australian universities has been among the key issues that have been a subject of discussion for a long time. Such expansions would facilitate improvement in the learning institution and encourage further research in the country. Australian universities constitutes among the topmost universities across the globe and increasing opportunities and avenues for more students to learn would lead to expansion and introduction of more learning programs into the system (Ayoubi & Massoud, 2007). The recommendations in this paper are mainly based on the porter’s theory and the new trade theories, which provide a clear illustration on how the government can foster competitive advantage of the education industry.

To achieve the goal of being having the best international universities, there are certain policies that need to be implemented to ensure that students globally have equal chances of gaining access to the universities. The presence of international students leads to a great diversity in terms of the study programs offered and the expansion of the education infrastructure. Moreover it fosters innovation, one of the aspects that is greatly encouraged by the porter’s theory.

According to the porter’s theory, the business community of any developing country ought to urge its government to increase budgetary provisions for the development of education, infrastructure and invest more in scientific research in order to enhance their levels of competitive advantage in the industry.

The Australian universities need to apply a number of industry strategies to enable them compete favorably (Correa-Velez, Barnett, & Gifford, 2013). One of these strategies is to establish the university campuses in other countries. The porter’s theory encourages the need for value chain worldwide network. The use of this strategy would help in providing easy access to the programs offered by the universities without necessarily travelling to Australia. The strategy would also help in marketing the Universities’ academic programs in various parts of the world and expanding their levels of certifications (Eddy, 2010). This viable expansion strategy will help in attracting a large number of students into pursuing the Australian program.

Another strategy is also petitioning the Australian government to award all the major universities with a worldwide recognition status. This implies that the levels of certification offered by the Australian universities be recognized worldwide. This can be best achieved through collaboration with various institutions in other countries and then offer programs as well as certifications through such training institutions. This strategy would increase the presence of the university in various countries hence marketing their programs in regions that accessing may not be easy.

The Australian universities should also adopt the online learning procedures. A number of universities have stepped up into offering affordable online university programs to the students around the world. This is attributed to the high levels of technology that is currently on the rise. The coming age is increasingly dependent on this mode of learning, and will largely define the nature of market competition for the international universities around the globe.

fThe above named strategies are a proper way for the universities to achieve the desired worldwide status and compete favorably in the international market. There are however, certain programs that require students to sit in classes and practically learn together with the assistance of the lecturers. Such programs would limit the application of the online strategies hence the online learning system may not be efficient for the students under this category.

As a result of this, the Australian government is obliged to review its immigration policies to ensure that it allows foreign students to come and study into the universities. This will create room for more programs and expansion of the university and infrastructure. Foreign students also come with a number of knowledge and skills that if well implemented can help in greatly improving the university in terms of infrastructure. Various researches will also be stimulated by the arrival of international students and such will help in improving the university in terms of resources as well as the quality of learning within the institutions.

The Australian immigration policies have largely limited the entry of students into the universities. Most students cannot easily meet the demands placed forth by the states to enable one qualify for entry (Swann & Henderson, 2008). The current Australian immigration system has also been observed to be very complex and the procedure greatly intimidating hence making many people unable to cope with the system. The Australian government should adopt policies that would facilitate the migration of people, especially students into the country to allow for further expansion of the university (Neill, 2009). The adopted policies should cover on the fees paid by the foreign students to process their entry documents as well as other necessities that they will require during their stay in the country. The time taken to process the travel documents should also be reduced since such factors often contribute to students missing the opportunities offered to them (Urias & Yeakey, 2008).

Acquisition of visa has equally been a great obstacle in the way of foreign students wishing to pursue their studies in the Australian universities. The eligibility procedures have been improved but still not very efficient in terms of flexibility as well as the verification processes (Rutland & Encel, 2009). The government should institute measures that will enable easy access to these visas by students and encourage more people especially those pursuing competent programs that may trigger further research into more relevant fields.

The role played by the international students is very vital since they provide a link between the universities in their home countries and the universities abroad. The presence of such students not only fosters development in various university faculties, but also leads to the creation of a diverse team of experts who may have the ability to efficiently manage the resources of the country and create more learning opportunities (Grassie, 2007). With a decrease in the visa fees, many students will be encouraged to enter the country and practice their skills.

The above-proposed policies will help in increasing the population of international students in Australia. As a result, the university will experience expansion in terms of borders and resources hence being capable of serving a large number of students. Admission of international students is also a marketing strategy that will help the Australian institutions sell their programs worldwide (Jena & Reilly, 2013). The entry of the institution into other countries will also be easy since many people shall have known and understood the programs offered in the Australian education system.

A nation’s competitive advantage is mostly determined by the porter diamond’s attributes. The Australian education industry can succeed if the government is encouraged to play a positive role in the development of the education system as well the infrastructure. The porter’s theory and the new trade theory offer a very important lesson to the policy makers on the nature of enactments that they need to consider.

The theory further encourages scientific research in various areas, which can help in significantly improving the nature of learning in the institutions. Most of these researches offer long term solutions in regards to the policies that need to be implemented in the near future.

With the reinforcement of the above mentioned strategies using the porter’s theory models and the new trade theory, the strategies such as worldwide recognition of the programs offered as well as ensuring that the universities’ programs are offered in other institutions around the globe will largely facilitate learning and expansion of the Australian universities. Many students will therefore be well positioned to further their education in other campuses without necessarily travelling to Australia (Ledgar, 2006). Nonetheless, the government should implement friendly immigration policies that will allow and encourage international students into travelling to the country for their studies. The cost and eligibility of acquiring an Australian visa especially the student visa ought to be afforded to allow students from different parts of the world to join the institutions.

References

Ayoubi, R. M., & Massoud, H. K., 2007, The strategy of internationalization in universities: A quantitative evaluation of the intent and implementation in Australian universities. International Journal of Educational Management, 21(4), 329-349.

Correa-Velez, I., Barnett, A. G., & Gifford, S., 2013, Working for a Better Life: Longitudinal Evidence on the Predictors of Employment Among Recently Arrived Refugee Migrant Men Living in Australia. International Migration, 3(12), 2- 17.

Eddy, P. L., 2010, International collaborations: opportunities, strategies, challenges. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Grassie, M. C., 2007, Book Review: Policy and Planning in Higher Education, Australian Higher Education: Problems of a Developing System. Australian Journal of Education , 18(3), 316-317.

Jena, F., & Reilly, B., 2013, The determinants of United Kingdom student visa demand from developing countries. IZA Journal of Labor & Development, 2(1), 6.

Ledgar, J., 2006, Overview Of The Australian Education System. Higher Education in Europe, 21(4), 102-115.

Neill, R., 2009, Universities and Development: a report on the socio-economic role of universities in the developing countries of the Commonwealth. International Journal of Educational Development, 22(1), 100-101.

Rutland, S. D., & Encel, S., 2009, No room at the inn: American responses to Australian immigration policies, 1946–54. Patterns of Prejudice, 43(5), 497-518.

Swann, C., & Henderson, S. E., 2008, Handbook for the college admissions profession. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.

Urias, D., & Yeakey, C. C., 2008, Analysis Of The Australian Student Visa System: Misperceptions, Barriers, And Consequences. Journal of Studies in International Education, 13(1), 72-109.