Organizational Leadership

  • Category:
    Management
  • Document type:
    Case Study
  • Level:
    High School
  • Page:
    2
  • Words:
    1026
  1. The following are the factors to consider when considering the most appropriate leadership style to use.

  1. The task at hand- one needs to consider whether it is business critical in which case the manager may be forced to limit the freedom given to staff in making the decision. If the decision is to m made immediately, there may be no time for consultation and hence an autocratic style may have to be adopted. The potential impact of the decision to the company also needs to be considered.

  2. The team- one needs to know whether the team he/she is leading has the right skills or resources. Where skills are adequate, a more democratic approach may be adopted while if skills are lacking, leaders tend to adopt an autocratic style.

  3. The leader also has to consider the tradition of the organization and may hence need to use the style that the organization has used in the past.

  1. The leadership style most appropriate in crisis situations is the autocratic style. This is because the group may not think sober at the time while there may be no time for consultations.

  2. The team will impact on the leadership style adopted. This is because they will either be motivated or demotivated by the style adopted. In most cases, when followers are involved in decision making as is the case with democratic leadership style, they tend to own the decision and hence are motivated to ensure that it succeeds. On the other hand, when leaders are forced into decisions as is the case with autocratic leadership, they may feel demotivated and hence loose interest of ensuring that the decision succeeds. However, A laissez-faire’ kind of leadership while it may encourage the followers, they may have a lot of freedom to an extent that the project concerned suffers from lack of their input. Thus, the team will impact on the style adopted.

  3. Whether employees would prefer their managers to stick with one style of management would depend on the leadership style currently in use in the organization. For instance, where managers use an authoritative leadership style, employees would prefer that the leadership style be changed to a more democratic one where they are involved in making decisions that affect them as workers as well as those that affect the work they do. On the other hand, employees in an organization that uses a democratic style or laissez-faire ’style may prefer the organization to continue using this style since they feel that they are used in decision making. In fact, changing this type of leadership style may be met with resistance from the affected employees. Thus, whether employees would prefer their managers to stick with one style of management will depend with what leadership style is currently in use in the organization.

  1. The retail store- Autocratic leadership style since this is a crisis.

  2. Democratic style to continue motivating the graphic design employees by involving them in decision making.

  3. Relocating organization -laissez-faire’ since you cannot force anyone to move and neither can you be involved in their making this decision.

What I have learnt

The different leadership styles and when they can be appropriately applied

  1. How Henri Fayol explained the management function

Henry Fayol explained the management function as having five primary functions including planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating and controlling. In this regard, planning is about examining the future and drawing up plans of action. Organizing is about building up structures, material and human resources of the organization. Commanding involves maintaining activity among the personnel. Coordinating involves building together, unifying and harmonizing activity and effort while controlling involves ensuring everything occurs in conformity with policy and practice.

  1. Differences and similarities between leadership and management

Management refers to getting things done through organization of human and physical resources with the aim of achieving business aims and objectives. On the other hand, leadership refers to influencing, motivating and inspiring people. Leadership is about developing and coaching people by treating them with respect while challenging them to perform even better. The aim of leadership is to create strong teams while increasing their commitment to the organization’s overall goals. However, management and leadership are similar in that both of them are aimed at ensuring that organizational goals and objectives are met effectively. It should be noted that management involves use of management skills with good management requiring use of effective leadership skills. In essence, good management is effective management.

  1. Comparison of leadership and management styles

  1. Directive management style compares with Autocratic leadership style since both involve the ‘do it the way I tell you’ style, closely controlling employees while motivating them through threats and discipline.

  2. Participative management style compares with the democratic leadership style since in both cases, employees have input in the decisions made.

  3. Pacesetting management style compares with laissez-faire leadership style since both would involve setting high standards and expecting self-direction from employees.

  1. When different leadership styles can be applied

  1. Democratic leadership style should be applied when times are good in the organization. It should also be used where team working is essential and where quality is more important than speed of marketing or productivity. For instance when technology companies are developing a new technology through teamwork, democratic style may be most appropriate.

  2. Laissez-faire leadership style ought to be applied with experienced employees. For instance, the management can decide the general direction the company should go but leave it to departmental managers to decide how their departments will achieve their targets. For instance, Westpac Bank may set a target of $500 million profit for its Sydney branch. However, it may leave the branch manager to decide how the target is to be achieved.

  3. Autocratic leadership style should be adopted during crisis. For instance when there is an accident in the organization and people can’t think right, autocratic leadership style should be applied. For instance supposing there is a fire outbreak in the organization, there may be no time to consult on what needs to be done, in this case, the leader may be forced to give orders without consulting and the followers have no option but to follow.

References:

Jared, B2014, Organizational leadership and management, London, Rutledge.