Not too sure ifn the title i have chosen is approprite… Similarity in Personality Traits of Self and Ideal Romantic Partner Essay Example
Personality Traits of Self andIdeal Romantic Partner
Similarity in Personality Traits of Self and
Ideal Romantic Partner
University of Victoria
Similarity in Personality Traits of Self andIdeal Romantic Partner
The research intends to establish why the similarity in traits affects the choice of romantic partners. This is aimed at adding more knowledge by highlighting the weaknesses of the past studies and contributing to more knowledge on what is already known. The big five personality traits may influence a romantic relationship either positively or negatively. They include openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neurotism/emotional stability (Gosling, et al, 2003). There will be significant positive correlations between ratings of self and ideal romantic partner for the Big Five personality traits. This paper explores the correlation between the personality traits and an ideal romantic partner in relation to an experiment that was carried out based on the hypothesis
The research assistants (second year VU psychology students) used convenience sampling to acquire a volunteerwho was currently not in a long-term relationship to take a brief survey about personality and ideal romantic partners. The sample was composed of 132 participants, 47 males and 85 females with ages ranging from 18 to 25 years (M = 20.99, SD = 1.96). The survey used was the Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) (Gossling, Rentfrow, & Swann, 2003) which is reproduced in appendix A. The survey included two personality inventories, requiringparticipants to describe their ‘romantic ideal’who was either real or fictional and provide a self-rating of their own personality. Ten lexical adjectives were presented in both cases measuring individuals on different personality characteristicsassociated with human personality and were rated on a 7-point scale ranging from 1 (disagree strongly) to 7 (Agree strongly). Personality traits were scored resulting in five factors; Openness to experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism/emotional stability.
With alpha set at .05, the results of Pearson’s correlation indicated that there was a significant positive correlation between self-openness to experience and ideal romantic partner’s self-openness to experience, r(131) =.333, p < .001 (two-tailed). It can be concluded that people who are open to experience tend to desire a romantic partner who is also open to experience.
With alpha set at .05, the results of Pearson’s correlation indicated that there was a significant positive correlation between self-conscientiousness and ideal romantic partners conscientiousness, r(131) = .299, p< .001 (two-tailed). It can be concluded that people who are conscientious tend to desire a romantic partner who is also conscientious.
With alpha set at .05, the results of Pearson’s correlation indicated that there was a significant positive correlation between self-extraversion and ideal romantic partners extraversion, r(131) =. 477, p < .001 (two-tailed). It can be concluded that people who are extraverted tend to desire a romantic partner who is also extraverted.
With alpha set at .05, the results of Pearson’s correlation indicated that there was a significant positive correlation between self-agreeableness and ideal romantic partners agreeableness, r (131) = .399, p< .001 (two-tailed). It can be concluded that people who are agreeable tend to desire a romantic partner who is also agreeable.
With alpha set at .05, the results of Pearson’s correlation indicated that there was a statistically non-significant correlation between self-neuroticism/emotional stability and ideal romantic partners neuroticism/emotional stability, r (126) = .240, p = .240 (two-tailed). It can be concluded that people with neuroticism/emotional stability do not tend to desire a romantic partner with neuroticism/emotional stability.
The results show partial support for the hypothesis that there will be significant positive correlations between ratings of self and ideal romantic partner for the Big Five personality traits (Openness to Experiences, Conscientiousness, Extraversion/ Introversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism/ Emotional Stability).Results indicated that individuals who were open to experience, conscientious, extraverted and agreeable tend to desire a partner who also has these traits, but people with neuroticism do not desire a partner with the same trait.
Most people always prefer romantic partners with the same characteristics and this is aimed at fulfilling their goals and objectives (Figueredo, et al, 2006). It also enables a partner to receive support whenever they want to try something new. This provides them with the opportunity to explore their potential without any hindrance from their partners. In a romantic relationship, the similarity in trait to experience is a factor that promotes togetherness and trust between the partners.
According to previous studies, the chances of breaking up with the partners are usually high when they no not share the same similarities in terms of traits (Luo, 2009). Most of the respondents also prefer partners who are reliable and responsible which is among the big five traits. The preference is also for the purposes of preventing their behaviour from being corrupted. Security off the relationship is also an important consideration that is determined by the character traits and hence the selection. The trait usually builds a close relationship which encourages the partners to work together in the same direction.
According to previous studies, most individuals prefer partners who they can easily interact with freely. This may also include going out together and having fun. This is a similarity with the study by Luo,(2009). Other individuals mainly require a partner with the same trait for the purposes of company. Loneliness may arise if an individual chooses to be in a romantic relationship with a partner who does not have this trait and hence the selection (Markey, et al, 2007).The reason for their selection therefore lies in avoiding loneliness, having the desired company and the desired happiness.
The individuals also prefer partner who will be compassionate towards them. This is also for the purposes of ensuring that their romantic relationship lasts. The individuals with similar traits are more likely to be trustworthy and forgiving and hence a lasting relationship. It is also believed that a partner with the same trait is more likely to be understanding and cannot hurt their feelings. It is thus for the purposes of ensuring that the relationship is not marked with incidences of lack of trust as well as immorality which can arise when a partner is not trustworthy and straight forward (Buss, 2013).
According to previous studies, the individuals who are neurotic do not prefer a romantic partner with the same characteristic which is a deviation from the hypothesis. All the reviewed articles also agree with this point. The individuals with this trait always find it difficult to control their emotions. Having a romantic partner with the same trait therefore means that they are not going to understand each other during the emotional times. It may also prove difficult for them to manage their emotions if they are in a romantic relationship with a partner with the same trait. The individuals therefore prefer partners with a different trait as they may help them in terms of controlling their emotions (Furnham, 2009).
The respondents used were not representative of the population as only the people between the ages of 18 to 25 were involved in the study. This has a negative impact on the quality of the results. The reliance of the study on self report is also a weakness that has the ability of compromising on the accuracy of the information. This is because the information given may not necessarily be true. The study did not involve the people who were in a relationship which could have shed more light regarding the issue as they already have an experience. The sampling method that was used was also not accurate enough as it tends to generalize the issues.
Recommendations for future results
In future, different populations should also be explored so as to obtain wider results. The method of carrying out the research should not entirely rely on the self reporting as it is prone to errors. This will improve the accuracy of the findings and to avoid any compromise in the study. Different methods of analysis of the data should be used so as to increase the accuracy of the results. More variables should also be used for the purposes of controlling the study in future. This is to answer the questions as why people can still be happy and find fulfilment in a romantic relationship despite their difference in traits related to the big five.
In conclusion, the hypothesis was partially supported as the results indicated that most of the individuals prefer partners with the same traits in the big five except the neuroticism. It is evident that most individuals would prefer romantic partners who share their traits. This is basically aimed at obtaining support and staying happy. It is also evident that the hypothesis was proved although there was some little variation. The method of carrying out the research was self reporting and it led to the proving of the hypothesis. Nevertheless, individuals do not prefer the partner with similar traits when it comes to emotions. This is because it can easily lead to misunderstandings. It is also evident that the findings of the research may be prone to errors due to the limitations and hence the need for future improvements. The method as well as the quality and accuracy of the data were some of the limitations of the research. The future research should focus on the change of procedure as well as the population so as to obtain accurate results. It is thus evident that the study highlights that the most ideal romantic partners share most of the big five traits.
Luo, S. et al. (2009). What Leads to Romantic Attraction: Similarity, Reciprocity, Security, or Beauty? Evidence From a Speed-Dating Study. Journal of Personality.
Figueredo, A. et al. (2006). The ideal romantic partner personality. Personality and Individual Differences. 41, 431–441.
Markey, P. et al. (2007). Romantic ideals, romantic obtainment, and relationship experiences: The complementarily of interpersonal traits among romantic partners. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships.
Buss, D. (2013). Human mate selection. The scientific research society
Furnham, A. (2009). Sex differences in mate selection preferences. Personality and Individual Differences. 47, 262–267.
Gosling, S. D. et al. (2003). A very brief measure of the big five personality domains. Journal of Research in Personality, 37, 504-528.
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