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Non-Communicable Disease (NCD) Prevention Action Team for Obesity Essay Example

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4PREVENTION ACTION TEAM

Non-Communicable Disease (NCD) Prevention Action Team for Obesity

Non-Communicable Disease (NCD) Prevention Action Team for Obesity

As of 2012, the prevalence of obesity and overweight amongst the Northern Territory children aged between 2 and 17 years was 23.5 per cent, which is somewhat below the national level for children in the same age bracket (25.1 per cent) (Chondur, Georges, & Guthridge, 2015). Out of the total number of obese and overweight children, 23 per cent of children in NT were from indigenous communities. As mentioned by ABS (2017), the total number of obese children in NT 4,800. Obese children are inclined to become obese in their adulthood because of lack of physical activity and poor diet in the childhood that normally persists into adulthood (Dyer, et al., 2017). According to Laws et al. (2014), childhood obesity is still a major challenge in public health considering that more than 25 per cent of children in Australia aged between 2 and 17 years were either obese or overweight.

Therefore, the proposed NCD prevention action team will be tasked with providing community-based interventions, which according to WHO (2012) would allow for strong community engagement, careful interventions planning to include information about indigenous children in NT, and integrating obesity programme into community initiatives. The team would comprise of WHO, federal government, state government, Department of Health, NGOs, and local companies. These stakeholders would facilitate the implementation of health programmes that seek to reduce obesity levels (Rutkow, Walters, O’Hara, Bleich, & Jones-Smith, 2016; Griffiths, Maggs, & George, 2008). Stakeholders such as local public health agencies and local businesses would play an important role in the team, especially in addressing the obesity issue through community coalitions (Koplan, Liverman, & Kraak, 2005). As mentioned by WHO (2017), the prevention action team help promote health equity and reduce obesity risk.

References

ABS. (2017). NATIONAL HEALTH SURVEY. Retrieved from ABS: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/[email protected]/Lookup/by%20Subject/4364.0.55.001~2014-15~Main%20Features~Northern%20Territory~10008

Chondur, R., Georges, N., & Guthridge, S. (2015). Overweight and obesity in the Northern Territory, 2011-2012. Fact Sheet, Department of Health.

Dyer, S. M., Gomersall, J. S., Smithers, L. G., Davy, C., Coleman, D. T., & Street, J. M. (2017). Prevalence and Characteristics of Overweight and Obesity in Indigenous Australian Children: A Systematic Review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 57(7), 1-38.

Griffiths, J., Maggs, H., & George, E. (2008). Stakeholder Involvement. Background paper, World Health Organization, Geneva.

Koplan, J., Liverman, C., & Kraak, V. (2005). Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance. Retrieved from National Center for Biotechnology Information: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK83817/

Laws, R., Campbell, K. J., Pligt, P. v., Russell, G., Ball, K., Lynch, J., . . . Denney-Wilson, E. (2014). The impact of interventions to prevent obesity or improve obesity related behaviours in children (0–5 years) from socioeconomically disadvantaged and/or indigenous families: a systematic review. BMC Public Health, 14, 1-18.

Rutkow, L., Walters, H. J., O’Hara, M., Bleich, S. N., & Jones-Smith, J. (2016, April 5). What Motivates Stakeholder Groups to Focus on Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies? Retrieved from iMedPub: http://childhood-obesity.imedpub.com/what-motivates-stakeholder-groups-to-focus-on-childhood-obesity-prevention-policies.php?aid=9000

WHO. (2012). Population-based approaches to CHILDHOOD OBESITY PREVENTION. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

WHO. (2017). Prevention of noncommunicable diseases. Retrieved from WHO: http://www.who.int/ncds/prevention/introduction/en/