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Name one or two of the chemical weapons agents listed in your textbook, and discuss how they have been used as WMD in the past during any war. Have terrorists used such weapons in the past? What international laws exist to counter the construction, distri Essay Example

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6CHEMICAL AGENTS WEAPONS

CHEMICAL AGENT WEAPONS

University Affiliation

CHEMICAL AGENT WEAPONS

Toxic industrial chemicals are substance being manufactured in chemical related industries then they are being transported and used throughout the world. These compounds contain both physical and organic threats that can be in the form of gas, liquid, and solid nature. The toxic industrial chemicals are used in wars conducted by terrorists and military activities. Toxic industrial chemicals are also playing a very significant role since they are used in running of various machines.

Chemical agent weapons and toxic industrial chemicals are the major industrial chemicals used during the World War 1. During the wars, France fired 26mm teargas grenades containing (xylyl) bromide against the Germans which caused enormous damage to the eye affecting several people (Anderson, 2012). The poisonous gas released was considered necessary for war to overcome the stalemate that had occurred during trench warfare. Terrorist groups such as al-Qaeda have tried releasing nerve gasses on the House of Commons as claimed by Scotland Yard. The terrorist plan was not successful in releasing the chemical weapons following the AumShinrikyo attacks.

Explosives are some of the chemical weapons that have been used in the past to disseminate chemicals from manufacturing and storage facilities. Terrorists have used these explosives such as bombs in Baghdad where they planted them on a chlorine tanks that left more than 150 villagers to be distracted (Haley, 2012). Two days later, a pickup truck carrying chlorine gas cylinders was denoted killing at least five publics and hospitalizing more than 55 to hospitals with eye irritating and having difficulties in breathing.

International law regulates the construction, distribution, and usage of white phosphorus for example under U.S DOT. White phosphorus is labeled spontaneously combustible and poisonous while being transported in bulk by rail (Crowley, 2014). Tank cars either in the form of solid or liquid to prevent direct contact with atmospheric oxygen. Solid white phosphorus is stored under water as a liquid to maintain inert gas like nitrogen gas from an explosion. In summary, Weapons of mass destruction can be harmful to human beings when used during both war and terrorism acts thus strong laws should be enacted to prevent over usage of the chemical weapons.

Reference

Anderson, P. D. (2012). Emergency management of chemical weapons injuries. Journal of pharmacy practice, 25(1), 61-68.

Haley, R. W., & Tuite, J. J. (2012). Epidemiologic evidence of health effects from long-distance transit of chemical weapons fallout from bombing early in the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Neuroepidemiology, 40(3), 178-189

Crowley, M. J. A., & Dando, M. R. (2014). Down the Slippery Slope? A Study of Contemporary Dual-use Chemical and Life Science Research Potentially Applicable to the Development of Incapacitating Chemical Agent Weapons. Policy Paper, 8.