Name of teacher Essay Example

  • Category:
    Education
  • Document type:
    Assignment
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    3
  • Words:
    1996

Name of project (your research statement)

Name of module

SUMMARY

This paper is a need based analysis research project to establish the impact of music on childhood development. The issue was identified when close friends chose to enrol their children in music. The issue was also observed from a personal experience on the impact of music of a relative who has autism. The literature review highlighted benefits of music on early childhood development as development of brain power, improvement of memory, self-expression and building of self-esteem. 50 Questionnaires distributed to 30 parents and 20 educators which all were filled and returned. The research useful as it supported other researchers that music enhances self-esteem, self-expression, memory, brain power and social development in early childhood.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SUMMARY 1

TABLE OF CONTENTS 2

INTRODUCTION 3

3Purpose

3Background

4LITERATURE REVIEW

4Key findings

FINDING AND RESULTS 6

9CONCLUSION/DISCUSSION

9RECOMMENDATIONS

REFERENCE LIST 10

APPENDIX 1: ANNOTATED BIOGRAPHY 11

APPENDIX 2: QUESTIONNAIRE 13

INTRODUCTION

Purpose

The purpose of the research is to establish whether music benefits early childhood development

Scope

This research will be conducted among parents and educators of children of age between 5 and 10 years. The children will be those undertaking music lessons. It is the best target in establishing the impact of music on early childhood development.

Background

Many scholars, teachers, businesses, and parents in the world and in Australia have an interest in learning about how music benefits development in early childhood. There are different ways in which children could benefit from music including improvement of language skills, memory, perception, and so on. Some researchers have investigated whether children benefit from learning or listening to music. Examining findings from research avenues can inform the stakeholders on music and child development.

LITERATURE REVIEW

Aim

The aim of the literature review is to identify the impact of music on early childhood education

Method

In reference to bibliography, books, internet sites, journals and articles were reviewed. Current issues were used to get the current impact. Internet resources were used more because they were easily accessible and a wide range of resources were provided.

Key findings

According to Rickard & Murphy (2009), just like a Christmas tree music lights up a person’s brain. Stimulation takes place in the whole brain thereby aiding all learning areas. Social, movement, cognitive, language, emotional and musical skills are developed (Hyde, Lerch, Norton, Winner, Schlaug, Evans, et al., 2009). Many studies have proven that children who involve in music are more advantageous in learning and development and this becomes evident both in adulthood and in their schooling.

Music gives a child a mental advantage by boosting their brain power and improves their memory. Most studies show children exposed to music perform higher academically than those who do not (Hyde, Lerch, Norton, Winner, Schlaug, Evans, et al., 2009). Meredith Le Vande a specialist in children’s music of MonkeyMonkeyMusic.com says music stimulates parts of the brain that deals with emotional development, math and reading. When a child participates early in music at an early age his or her memory and learning ability is improved. This is backed by Maestro Eduardo Marturet who is a musical director, composer and conductor at the Miami Symphony Orchestra. According to Sheppard (2009) music stimulates the logical or right hemisphere and creative or left hemisphere of the brain. The brain releases a chemical that gives pleasure when one hears music and improves a child’s learning development.

Experts also assert that music improves social development of a child. It enables a child to break out of their shell when involved in a musical group and he or she learns how to relate to other children by working as a team. A child’s is also able to develop leadership skills and discipline (Southgate & Roscigno, 2009).

Music also acts a great way for one to express themselves. Through music children can express themselves and connect to their emotional life. They can explain how they feel, what they want and what they don’t want (Peter & Letts, 2011).

Music also boosts children’s self-esteem. During music lessons children are taught to give and accept criticism. Their self-confidence is built when a positive change is made from a negative feedback (Rickard & Murphy, 2009). Lessons conducted in groups help children to understand that there is no one who is perfect and that each one of them has a room for improvement. By standing and performing in public develops public speaking skills. According to Moreno, Marques, Santos, Santos, Castro & Besson (2009), music provides an introduction of other cultures to children. Different children are introduced to different music styles. By exposing children to different music styles at a tender age enables them to be open-minded and understand diversity of cultures.

FINDING AND RESULTS

Key issues identified from the literature review were used to prepare the questionnaire. Parents and educators were issued with questionnaires because they are the ones taking care of children. Parents surveyed are those who have children aged between 5 years and seven years and who learn music in school. 50 questionnaires were distributed to parents while 20 were distributed to educators. In total 30 parents and 20 educators filled the questionnaires and returned them.

Research shows that music enhances the brain power and improves memory in early childhood

Strongly Agree

Disagree

Strongly Disagree

Parents: Yes they are able to remember things as well as what they learnt.

Educators: Music improves academic performance especially in reading and math.

Their learning ability is and memory is improved.

Research shows that music enhances social development in early childhood

Strongly Agree

Disagree

Strongly Disagree

Parents: Yes, children can easily relate well to those around them

Educators: They learn to work with others as a team

: They are able to open up and interact with different people.

Research shows that music enables self-expression in early childhood

Strongly Agree

Disagree

Strongly Disagree

Parents: They learn how to say what is in their heart and mind

Educators: they learn to open up

: are able to develop emotionally

Research shows that music builds self- esteem in early childhood

Strongly Agree

Disagree

Strongly Disagree

Parents: They learn to be confident

: It enables them to believe in themselves

Educators: They learn to accept correction and critics

CONCLUSION/DISCUSSION

From the research it is clear that music benefits development in early childhood. It improves children’s memory and brain power, enhances their social development, enables them to express themselves and builds or boosts their self-esteem. This agrees with the literature review which highlights the same benefits of music in early childhood development. There were no new issues that arose from the research. I believe music has a great impact on the development of children. Music relaxes their minds after playing and learning and enables them to sleep soundly.

Further research is needed on how music affects children of higher ages and those in other parts of the country.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  1. A research should be conducted on those children who do not learn music and how that affects their development. This will give us a clear comparison with those who learn music.

  2. More parents and educators should be consulted to see if the same results will be found.

  3. Music programmes should be implemented in all schools and makes it mandatory for all children to learn or play music. This is to ensure that all children benefit.

REFERENCE LIST

Southgate, D., & Roscigno, V 2009, The impact of music on childhood and adolescent

achievement. Social Science Quarterly, vol. 90, no.1, pp. 4-21

Moreno, S., Marques, C., Santos, A., Santos, M., Castro, S & Besson, M 2009, Musical

training influences linguistic abilities in 8-year-old children: More evidence for brain plasticity. Cerebral Cortex, vol.19, no. 3, pp. 712-723.

Hyde, K., Lerch, J., Norton, A., Winner, E., Schlaug, G., Evans, A., et al. 2009, Musical

training shapes structural brain development. Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 3019-3025.

Rickard, N & Murphy, F 2009, The effects of music education on psychosocial functioning in primary school children: data. Monash University

Peter, V & Letts, R 2011, Education and Training Workforce: Early Childhood Development. Music Council of Australia, pp. 5-21.

APPENDIX 1: ANNOTATED BIOGRAPHY

Hyde, K., Lerch, J., Norton, A., Winner, E., Schlaug, G., Evans, A., et al. 2009, Musical

Training shapes structural brain development. Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 3019-3025.

The researchers assert that the brain of a human being can remarkably alter in response to the demands of the environment. Since there is no study that has related change in structural brain and change in behavior in brain development, the researchers seek to address whether differences in structural brain in adults are as a result of biological brain predipositions (nature) or early training (nurture). Their research reported that structural brain differences witnessed in musicians and other experts are as a result of training in early childhood.

Moreno, S., Marques, C., Santos, A., Santos, M., Castro, S & Besson, M 2009, Musical

Training influences linguistic abilities in 8-year-old children: More evidence for brain plasticity. Cerebral Cortex, vol.19, no. 3, pp. 712-723.

The researchers sought to establish whether musician and non-musician children function different and whether training music improves linguistic pitch processing and reading. To achieve this recording was done for event-related brain potentials and pitch processing in children aged 8 years old. The results contributed highly to the hypothesis as it the researchers reported that music training influenced speech abilities, reading, brain development and improved child behaviour.

Peter, V & Letts, R 2011, Education and Training Workforce: Early Childhood Development. Music Council of Australia, pp. 5-21.

The authors seek document the importance of music in early childhood with the intention of convincing governments to include music in the National Curriculum and in all school curricula. Reports of previous researches from other researchers on the same subjected have been presented well. Benefits of music in early childhood development such as brain development are very convincing to the stakeholders.

Rickard, N & Murphy, F 2009, The effects of music education on psychosocial functioning in primary school children: data. Monash University

The researchers used data from schools in Victoria’s rural region, Australia to investigate the effects of music education on psychosocial functioning in primary school children. By allocating schools in either the treatment condition or control condition the researchers were able to investigate how music lessons affected social skills and self-esteem of children. The data reported that music activities benefit the self-esteem of children. This supports that music affects development in early childhood.

Southgate, D., & Roscigno, V 2009, The impact of music on childhood and adolescent

achievement. Social Science Quarterly, vol. 90, no.1, pp. 4-21

Southgate and Roscigno investigate the relation between music involvement and academic achievement both in early childhood and in adolescence. Academic achievement of students who participate in music in school and outside school has been examined. The investigation was also done for parents who attended music concerts. The authors reported a strong association between music and achievement in early childhood, while in adolescents it was at a moderate. This research supports that music has an impact on early childhood development.

APPENDIX 2: QUESTIONNAIRE

  1. Parent B. Educator

  1. How old is your child or the children you are teaching.

  1. 0-3 years B. 4- 7years C. Above 7 years

  1. Music enhances social development in children.

  1. I strongly agree

  2. I disagree

  3. I strongly disagree

Please explain your answer.————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

  1. Music helps in the social development in children.

  1. I strongly agree

  2. I disagree

  3. I strongly disagree

Please explain your answer.————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

  1. Music helps children to express themselves.

  1. I strongly agree

  2. I disagree

  3. I strongly disagree

Please explain your answer.————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

  1. Music builds self-esteem in children.

  1. I strongly agree

  2. I disagree

  3. I strongly disagree

Please explain your answer.————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

  1. Music benefits the overall development of children in early childhood.

  1. I strongly agree

  2. I disagree

  3. I strongly disagree

Please explain your answer.——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

  1. Learning music should be made mandatory to all in children in early childhood.

  1. I strongly agree

  2. I disagree

  3. I strongly disagree

Please explain your answer.——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————